Prolog programming

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  • Bài giảng Chương 2: Kỹ thuật lập trình prolog (Prolog Programming Techniques) bao gồm những nội dung về cách biểu diễn list, số học, cách biểu diễn cấu trúc, điều khiển backtracking, xuất/nhập, một số vị từ thư viện quan trọng.

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  • Chapter 15 - Logic programming. This chapter focuses on logic pro-gramming with Prolog, studying its applications in natural language processing and , problem solving. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Logic and horn clauses, logic programming in prolog, prolog program elements.

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  • There are only three basic constructs in Prolog: facts, rules, and queries. A collection of facts and rules is called a knowledge base (or a database) and Prolog programming is all about writing knowledge bases. That is, Prolog programs simply are knowledge bases, collections of facts and rules which describe some collection of relationships that we find interesting. So how do we use a Prolog program? By posing queries. That is, by asking questions about the information stored in the knowledge base...

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  • Logic programming, an important new method of compute programming resulting from recent research in artifucial intelligence and computer science, has proved to be especially appropriate for solving problems in natrual-language processing. "Prolog and Natural Language Analysis" provides a concise and practical introduction to logic programming and the logic-programming language Prolog both as vehicles for understanding elementary computational linguistics and as tools for implementing the basic components of natural-language-processing systems....

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  • Nội dung chương 9 gồm: Giới thiệu: Bài toán được mô tả dưới dạng biểu thức logic các vị từ. Để giải được bài toán, cần có một cơ sở tri thức. Khi có một yêu cầu, hệ thống sẽ dựa vào cơ sở tri thúc để suy diễn; Ngôn ngữ PROLOG

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  • Prolog là ngôn ngữ lập trình logic( programming in logic) do GS A.Colmerauer đưa ra lần đầu tiên vào năm 1972 tại trường ĐH Maseille, Pháp.

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  • Prolog is considered difficult by students. Usually, by the time they learn Prolog, which is most likely to happen in preparation for a course in Artificial Intelligence (AI) or Expert Systems, they will have studied imperative programming and/or the object oriented paradigm. Unfortunately, this prior experience is not always conducive to learning Prolog. Even though there is a good provision of traditional Prolog textbooks (for example [2]), students still find it hard to write solutions in Prolog to problems of any notable complexity.

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  • Bài giảng Lập trình logic và ràng buộc (Logic Programming and Constraint): Bài 1 do TS. Lê Mạnh Hải biên soạn cung cấp cho các bạn những kiến thức về lược sử Prolog và các dòng sản phẩm; cài đặt SWI-Prolog và SWI-Prolog editor. Mời các bạn tham khảo.

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  • This book is the second volume by the author on Prolog programming and its applications written for Ventus. Whereas in the first book [9], specific Prolog programming techniques were explained, in this volume we discuss some areas where Prolog can be fruitfully employed. Both books owe their existence to the recognition that the higher educational system (in the UK) does not offer enough opportunities for students to experience the satisfaction associated with successfully completing a technical task.

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  • We present the first version of a new declarative programming language. Dyna has many uses but was designed especially for rapid development of new statistical NLP systems. A Dyna program is a small set of equations, resembling Prolog inference rules, that specify the abstract structure of a dynamic programming algorithm. It compiles into efficient, portable, C++ classes that can be easily invoked from a larger application.

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  • Prolog is frequently used in implementing natural language parsers or generators based on unification based grammars. This is because Prolog is also based on unification, and therefore has a declarative feature. One important characteristic of unification cu-Prolog adopts constraint unification instead of based grammar is also a declarative grammar formalthe normal Prolog unification. In cu-Prolog, con- ization [11].

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  • Constraint Logic Programming Given a particular domain, a constraint expresses a desired relationship among one or more of the objects. Chapter 4: Constraint Logic Programming Introduction; The constraint logic programming scheme; CLP languages and applications (CLP, CLP, B-Prolog); Conclusions.

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  • Logic (declarative) programming allows a program to model a problem by declaring what outcome the program should accomplish, rather than how it should be accomplished. Chapter 15 provides knowledge of logic programming. In this chapter presents the following content: Practical aspects of prolog, prolog examples, symbolic differentiation, solving word puzzles.

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  • 1. Giới thiệu PROgramming in LOGic (sử dụng cách tiếp cận logic) Alain Calmerauer & Philippe Roussel, 1972 Dùng ngôn ngữ mô tả/khai báo (declarative language) để đặc tả vấn đề Ứng dụng nhiều trong xử lý ngôn ngữ tự nhiên và TTNT. Turbo Prolog, Visual Prolog, B-Prolog, SWIProlog, …

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  • Cuốn sách này nhằm cung cấp cơ sở lý thuyết và các phương pháp lập trình cơ bản nhất của môn học «Lập trình lôgich» (Programming in Logic). Người đọc sẽ được làm quen với một số kỹ thuật lập trình lôgich được ứng dụng tương đối phổ biến và chủ yếu trong lĩnh vực trí tuệ nhân tạo (Artificial Intelligence) như công nghệ xử lý tri thức, máy học, hệ chuyên gia, xử lý ngôn ngữ tự nhiên, trò chơi, v.v... ...

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  • You should learn a programming language every year, as recommended by The Pragmatic Programmer. But if one per year is good, how about Seven Languages in Seven Weeks? In this book you'll get a hands-on tour of Clojure, Haskell, Io, Prolog, Scala, Erlang, and Ruby. Whether or not your favorite language is on that list, you'll broaden your perspective of programming by examining these languages side-by-side. You'll learn something new from each, and best of all, you'll learn how to learn a language quickly....

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  • Programs written using a declarative language specify the properties that have to be met by the output. They do not specify details expressed in terms of the control flow of the executing machine but of the mathematical relations between the declared objects and their properties. Two broad categories of declarative languages are functional languages and logical languages. The principle behind functional languages (like Haskell) is to not allow side effects, which makes it easier to reason about programs like mathematical functions.

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  • Prolog là ngôn ngữ được sử dụng phổ biến nhất trong dòng các ngôn ngữ lập trình logic ( Prolog có nghĩa là Programming in logic). Ngôn ngữ Prolog do giáo sư người Pháp Alain colmerauer in logic.

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  • This paper descrlbes how meanings are represented in a semantic grammar for a fragment of English in the logic programming language Prolog. The conventions of Definite Clause Grammars are used. Previous work on DCGs with a semantic component has used essentially first-order formulas for representing meanings. The system described here uses formulas of the typed ~-calculus.

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  • A computer program in execution is normally treated as being different from the data the program operates on. However, in some cases this distinction is blurred when a computer program modifies itself. The modified computer program is subsequently executed as part of the same program. Self-modifying code is possible for programs written in machine code, assembly language, Lisp, C, COBOL, PL/1, Prolog and JavaScript (the eval feature) among others.

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