For half a billion women in developing
regions worldwide, anemia is a life-long burden,
one which affects most of their infants
and young children as well. Controlling anemia
in these vulnerable groups could significantly
reduce maternal and infant morbidity.
It would also enhance intellectual and work
capacity, thereby improving family, community
and national socioeconomic development.
In May 2002, the General Assembly of
the United Nations reemphasized that control
of nutritional anemia should be one of the
global Development Goals to be achieved in
the early years of this new millennium.
A nested case-control study was undertaken within a cohort of HIV-infected individuals, attended at two HIV
referral centers, in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Delay in initiating treatment for TB was defined as the period of time,
in days, which was greater than the median value between the onset of cough and initiating treatment for TB. The
study analyzed biological, clinical, socioeconomic, and lifestyle factors as well as those related to HIV and TB infection,
potentially associated to delay. The odds ratios were estimated with the respective confidence intervals and p-values....
Disparities in outcomes associated with race and ethnicity are well documented for many diseases
and patient populations. Tuberculosis (TB) disproportionately affects economically disadvantaged, racial and ethnic
minority populations. Pulmonary impairment after tuberculosis (PIAT) contributes heavily to the societal burden of
TB. Individual impacts associated with PIAT may vary by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status.
On behalf of the Research Society on Alcoholism, I am pleased to introduce
this thirteenth volume of Recent Developments in Alcoholism about alcohol and
violence. Current concepts are presented in well-organized sections that focus
on epidemiology, neurobiology, psychology, and family issues. It is becoming
increasingly clear that age, gender, socioeconomic circumstances, and
genetics affect aggressive behavior and vulnerability to alcoholism. This volume
contains up-to-date discussions of these issues.
At a time when customers are ready to shift
loyalty at the drop of a hat, acting on customer
preferences can maximize a bank’ s competitive
edge, allowing it to offer specific customer-
centric products before the competition does.
Once a customer’ s profile is consolidated, it is a
simple matter of interpreting her requirements
and delivering on them as quickly as possible.
Banks must also use their integrated customer
profile to sort out customer irritants as quickly as
they occur .
In this essay we propose a model capturing the major components of the
interaction existing between the advertising and audience markets. Our main
objective consists in analysing how the linkage between these markets shapes
the TV-programs selected at equilibrium, when these programs follow from
oligopolistic competition in the TV-broadcasting sector. This analysis is de-
veloped in the framework of a three-stage sequential game involving two com-
panies, their TV-viewers and the advertising agencies buying ad-spots to be
inserted in their programs.