Space astronomy

Xem 1-20 trên 21 kết quả Space astronomy
  • This is an unusual book, combining as it does papers on astrobiology, history of astronomy and sundials, but—after all—Woody Sullivan is an unusual man. In late 2003 I spent two fruitful and enjoyable months in the Astronomy Department at the University of Washington (UW) working on archival material accumulated over the decades by Woody, for a book we will co-author with Jessica Chapman on the early development of Australian astronomy.

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  • Astronomy is certainly the oldest science and that of astronomer probably the oldest profession. This second assertion is notoriously debatable, but one can safely assume that in a primitive civilized society the (remunerated) shaman or priest had to be an astronomer to be credible.

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  • A multitude of measurement units exist within astronomy, some of which are unique to the subject, causing discrepancies that are particularly apparent when astronomers collaborate with other disciplines in science and engineering. The International System of Units (SI) is based on a set of seven fundamental units from which other units may be derived. However, many astronomers are reluctant to drop their old and familiar systems. This handbook demonstrates the ease with which transformations from old units to SI units may be made.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'the new astronomy: opening the electromagnetic window and expanding ou', khoa học tự nhiên, vật lý phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Inquiring on the sky (i.e., the Universe) has been present as affair of concern of the human kind since the early days of the first hominids like homo floresiensis and late homo sapiens. Fascination of sky watchers on a starry night, with its planets and the Moon, still today invites the best human minds to struggle for unveiling its secrets. To extending farther out the reach of our eyes, the telescope was introduced to astronomy in 1609 by Galileo Galilei.

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  • The steps needed to define a successful space science mission are numerous. The science drivers, the unique advantages this mission provides over past missions or earth-based experiments, and the payload that it includes are the key factors to guarantee its success. Finding the required information on such topics is not so straightforward, especially as they are usually outside the scope of undergraduate courses. The 2003 Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics aimed at providing a focused framework that helps fill this need.

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  • Astronomy is the most ancient science humans have practiced on Earth. It is a science of extremes and of large numbers: extremes of time – from the big bang to infinity –, of distances, of temperatures, of density and masses, of magnetic field, etc.

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  • Astronomers are the oldest data collectors. The first catalogue of stars is due to Hipparchus, in the second century B.C. Since that time, and more precisely since the end of the last century, there has been an important increase in astronomical data. EHie to the development of space astronomy during recent decades, we have witnessed a veritable inflation. Confronted with this flood of data, astronomers have to change their methodology. It is necessary not only to manage large databases, but also to take into account recent developments in information retrieval....

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  • The development of astronomy worldwide begins at the roots: Already from childhood, humans of all nations and civilizations seem to share an innate fascination with the sky. Yet, people in different regions of the world have vastly different possibilities for pursuing this interest. In wealthy, industrialised societies the way is open to a school or higher education in science, possibly leading to a career in astronomy or basic or applied space science for the benefit of the country as well as the individual.

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  • Earth science (also known as geoscience, the geosciences or the Earth sciences) is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth.[1] It is arguably a special case in planetary science, the Earth being the only known life-bearing planet. There are both reductionist and holistic approaches to Earth sciences. The formal discipline of Earth sciences may include the study of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, oceans and biosphere, as well as the solid earth.

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  • We present the proceedings from the workshop entitled Scientific Detectors for Astronomy 2005, a weeklong meeting held in Taormina, Sicily during 19-25 June 2005. This was the sixth workshop of this series, and the fourth with hardcover proceedings. By all measures, this workshop surpassed the previous meetings. The primary purpose of any technical meeting is the exchange of scientific and engineering information.

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  • The Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings is a series of high-level proceedings volumes covering a broad range of subjects in Astrophysics, Astronomy, Cosmology, and Space Science. The contributors are distinguished specialists with international reputations in their fields of expertise. The subjects are placed in the broader context of related disciplines such as Engineering, Computer Science, Environmental Science, and Nuclear and Particle Physics.

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  • The best thing about writing a book on the A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy is discovering that many of the most amazing contributions were made by ordinary people who loved gazing at the stars. Musicians, philosophers, priests, physicians, people who came from impoverished backgrounds, and those with untold wealth, have all contributed to our understanding of what we see when we look into the night sky, and where we fit into the scheme of things. Astronomy, unlike any other field, can be and has been significantly affected by amateurs. The stars are for everyone....

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  • Traditionally astrophysics has concerned itself with minimum time-scales measured in hours rather than seconds. This was understandable as the available recording media were slow; e.g. chart recorders and photographic plates. In the 1950s, 60s and 70s wavebands away from the optical were developed; from ground based radio studies to space and balloon borne high energy work. In contrast to optical wavelengths instrumentation in these (high and low energy) regimes was capable of time resolutions of less than a second....

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  • In 140 A.D. a Greek astronomer named Ptolemy wrote that the Earth was the center of the universe. He thought all the stars, the Sun, and the Moon revolved around it. This made sense because that is how things looked in the sky from Earth. We call Ptolemy’s theory the geocentric view. It is derived from geo (Earth) and centric (center). Astronomers believed the geocentric view for 1,500 years until 1543. The Heliocentric View About 500 years ago, Copernicus found that the Earth and other planets revolve around the Sun. His theory was published in1543.

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  • The Committee on Gravitational Physics (CGP) was organized by the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA) as part of the decadal survey Physics in a New Era. The committee’s main charges were (1) to assess the achievements in gravitational physics over the last decade and (2) to identify the most promising opportunities for research in the next decade and describe the resources necessary to realize those opportunities. This report fulfills those charges.

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  • The Committee on Gravitational Physics (CGP) was organized by the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA) as part of the decadal survey Physics in a New Era. The committee’s main charges were (1) to assess the achievements in gravitational physics over the last decade and (2) to identify the most promising opportunities for research in the next decade and describe the resources necessary to realize those opportunities. This report fulfills those charges....

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  • This book deals with topics in atomic and molecular structure and dynamics that are important to astronomy. Indeed, the topics selected are of central interest to the field of astronomy, many having been initiated by the needs of understanding worlds other than ours. Except for some lunar surface material returned by the Apollo missions, and material naturally delivered to us by cosmic rays, comets, and meteors, our only access to the other worlds of our astronomical Universe is through our observations of electromagnetic radiation from them.

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  • SAMUEL EILENBERG. Automata, Languages, and Machines: Volumes A and B MORRIS HIRSCH N D STEPHEN A SMALE. Differential Equations, Dynamical Systems, and Linear Algebra WILHELM MAGNUS. Noneuclidean Tesselations and Their Groups FRANCOIS TREVES. Linear Partial Differential Equations Basic WILLIAM BOOTHBY. Introduction to Differentiable Manifolds and Riemannian M. An Geometry ~ A Y T O N GRAY. Homotopy Theory : An Introduction to Algebraic Topology ROBERT ADAMS. A. Sobolev Spaces JOHN BENEDETTO. J. Spectral Synthesis D. V. WIDDER.

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  • Physics in a New Era: An Overview is the culmination of the National Research Council survey series Physics in a New Era. The survey was proposed by the Board on Physics and Astronomy, continuing the tradition of periodic reviews of physics by the National Research Council. The overview is the final volume of the survey and was welcomed and supported by the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

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