Systemic diseases

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  • Tham khảo sách 'psoriasis – a systemic disease edited by jose o'daly', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 32. Oral Manifestations of Disease Oral Manifestations of Disease: Introduction As primary care physicians and consultants, internists are often asked to evaluate patients with disease of the oral soft tissues, teeth, and pharynx. Knowledge of the oral milieu and its unique structures is necessary to guide preventive services and recognize oral manifestations of local or systemic disease (Chap. e7).

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  • Erythroderma (Table 54-2) Erythroderma is the term used when the majority of the skin surface is erythematous (red in color). There may be associated scale, erosions, or pustules as well as shedding of the hair and nails. Potential systemic manifestations include fever, chills, hypothermia, reactive lymphadenopathy, peripheral edema, hypoalbuminemia, and high-output cardiac failure. The major etiologies of erythroderma are (1) cutaneous diseases such as psoriasis and dermatitis (Table 54-3); (2) drugs; (3) systemic diseases, most commonly CTCL; and (4) idiopathic.

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  • Table 54-12 Causes of Vesicles/Bullae I. Primary cutaneous diseases A. Primary blistering diseases (autoimmune) 1. Pemphigusa 2. Bullous pemphigoidb 3. Gestational pemphigoidb 4. Cicatricial pemphigoidb 5. Dermatitis herpetiformisb,c 6. Linear IgA bullous dermatosisb 7. Epidermolysis bullosa acquisitab,d B. Secondary blistering diseases 1. Contact dermatitisa 2. Erythema multiformea,b 3. Stevens-Johnson syndrome 4. Toxic epidermal necrolysisb C. Infections 1. Varicella/zoster virusa,e 2. Herpes simplex virusa,e 3. Enteroviruses, e.g., hand-foot-and-mouth disease 4.

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  • Also lentigines. b Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. c See also "Papulonodular Skin Lesions." d Late 1980s. A proliferation of melanocytes results in the following pigmented lesions: lentigo, melanocytic nevus, and melanoma (Chap. 83). In an adult, the majority of lentigines are related to sun exposure, which explains their distribution.

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  • Table 54-14 Causes of Urticaria and Angioedema I. Primary cutaneous disorders A. Acute and chronic urticariaa B. Physical urticaria 1. Dermatographism 2. Solar urticariab 3. Cold urticariab 4. Cholinergic urticariab C. Angioedema (hereditary and acquired)b II. Systemic diseases A. Urticarial vasculitis B. Hepatitis B or C infection C. Serum sickness D. Angioedema (hereditary and acquired) a A small minority develop anaphylaxis. b Also systemic. The common physical urticarias include dermographism, solar urticaria, cold urticaria, and cholinergic urticaria.

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  • Common causes of erythematous subcutaneous nodules include inflamed epidermoid inclusion cysts, acne cysts, and furuncles. Panniculitis, an inflammation of the fat, also presents as subcutaneous nodules and is frequently a sign of systemic disease. There are several forms of panniculitis, including erythema nodosum, erythema induratum/nodular vasculitis, lupus profundus, lipodermatosclerosis, α1-antitrypsin deficiency, factitial, and fat necrosis secondary to pancreatic disease. Except for erythema nodosum, these lesions may break down and ulcerate or heal with a scar.

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  • Also associated with systemic diseases. b Reviewed in section on Purpura. cReviewed in section on Papulonodular Skin Lesions. d Favors plantar surface of the foot. Note: TEN, toxic epidermal necrolysis. Livedoid vasculopathy (livedoid vasculitis; atrophie blanche) represents a combination of a vasculopathy plus intravascular thrombosis. Purpuric lesions and livedo reticularis are found in association with painful ulcerations of the lower extremities. These ulcers are often slow to heal, but when they do, irregularly shaped white scars are formed.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Urokinase-type plasminogen activator and arthritis progression: role in systemic disease with immune complex involvement...

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  • Chapter 23 provides knowledge of diseases of the eyes, ears, nose, and throat. This chapter describe the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and specific management techniques for each of the following disorders of the eye: conjunctivitis, corneal abrasion, foreign body, inflammation (Chalazion and Hordeolum), glaucoma, iritis, papilledema, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, and orbital cellulitis;...

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  • Food safety and foodborne diseases are topics of global concern. Food safety encompasses many areas, including pesticide and antibiotic residues, the presence of mycotoxins and foodborne pathogens, and all aspects of food production and preparation. Many issues associated with these topics are common to all countries. Decisions must be made by each nation to determine priority areas that should be addressed to ensure the health of its citizens.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'a disease based comparison of health systems', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, tự động hoá phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Intelligent systems, known as expert systems, serve to this purpose in the extent that they have signed as facilitators in this process. These are systems that are based on expert knowledge, on any subject, in order to emulate human expertise in the specific field. To obtain this knowledge, the knowledge engineers, also called software engineers, need to develop methodologies for intelligent systems. In this area there is still no unified methodology that provides effective methods, notations and tools to aid in development....

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  • For many years, the number one cause of death in the United States has been heart disease, which kills more than 650,000 people per year. In addition, almost 25 million people were living with a diagnosis of heart disease in 2004, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. The American Medical Association wants people to know and understand that aside from some inherited or congenital conditions, heart disease is largely preventable.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 54. Skin Manifestations of Internal Disease Skin Manifestations of Internal Disease: Introduction It is now a generally accepted concept in medicine that the skin can show signs of internal disease. Therefore, in textbooks of medicine one finds a chapter describing in detail the major systemic disorders that can be identified by cutaneous signs. The underlying assumption of such a chapter is that the clinician has been able to identify the disorder in the patient and needs only to read about it in the textbook.

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  • From HIV to influenza, the battle between infectious agents and the immune system is at the heart of disease. Knowledge of how and why parasites vary to escape recognition by the immune system is central to vaccine design, the control of epidemics, and our fundamental understanding of parasite ecology and evolution. As the first comprehensive synthesis of parasite variation at the molecular, population, and evolutionary levels, this book is essential reading for students and researchers throughout biology and biomedicine....

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  • This paper focuses on developing an empirical strategy for measuring the effect of pollution on health. Specifically, I look at the effect of air pollution on children's hospitalization for asthma. Childhood asthma is of particular interest for two reasons: 1) asthma is the leading chronic condition affecting children; and 2) current pollution standards are based on adult health responses to pollution and children face a greater risk from pollution exposure due to the sensitivity of their developing biological systems. This study builds on earlier work in five ways.

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  • Poultry in 2006 our country has about 215 million children. Song epidemic of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) caused by H5N1 virus broke out in almost all provinces in the country from early 2004 to far as millions of birds have been destroyed. H5N1 epidemic has caused great impact both in terms economic and social area. The question arises: how to limit this dangerous disease and war translated by vaccine inoculation has to be a useful tool? This study aims to classify poultry production system with the obstacles encountered in each system, especially the risk of disease...

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  • Autoimmune disease represents a group of more than 60 different chronic autoimmune diseases that affect approximately 6% of the population. It is the third major category of illness in the United States and many industrialized countries, following heart disease and cancer. Autoimmune diseases arise when one’s immune system actively targets and destroys self tissue resulting in clinical disease. Common examples include Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Type 1 Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Multiple Sclerosis.

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  • A number of techniques can assist the physician with the growing number of recommended screening tests. An appropriately configured electronic health record can provide reminder systems that make it easier for physicians to track and meet guidelines. Some systems provide patients with secure access to their medical records, providing an additional means to enhance adherence to routine screening. Systems that provide nurses and other staff with standing orders are effective for smoking prevention and immunizations.

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