The rapidly increasing global population has dramatically increased the demands for
natural resources and has caused signiﬁcant changes in quantity and quality of natural
resources.To achieve sustainable resource management, it is essential to obtain insight-
ful guidance from emerging disciplines such as landscape ecology.This text addresses
the links between landscape ecology and natural resource management.These links are
discussed in the context of various landscape types,a diverse set of resources,and a wide
range ofmanagement issues.
Focusing on the rich biodiversity of Costa Rica, the contributors demonstrate the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to enhance conservation efforts. They give an overview of the spatial nature of conservation and management and the current status of digital mapping in Costa Rica; a review of the basic principles behind digital mapping technologies; a series of case studies using these technologies at a variety of scales and for a range of conservation and management activities; and the results of the Costa Rican gap analysis project....
The science of ecology and the practice of management are critical to
our understanding of the Earth’s ecosystems and our efforts to conserve
them. This book attempts to bridge the gap between ecology and natural
resource management and, in particular, focuses on the discipline of
plant ecology as a foundation for vegetation and wildlife management.
It describes how concepts and approaches used by ecologists to study
communities and ecosystems can be applied to their management. Guy
Visiting a nice lake is like going to a grocery store that
has everything. But what happens if the lake is lacking an
item or two? Maybe one or more lake projects can address
the need. Although this book has several hundred project
ideas, many of them are updated project ideas that have
been previously conducted one way or another. For example,
dredging has been occurring for over 4000 years. Fish
culture, aquatic plant management (using handpulling
techniques), and waste disposal are also thousands of
Landscape ecology continues to grow as an exciting, dynamic ecological discipline.
With its broadscale emphasis and multidisciplinary approach, landscape
ecology lends itself both to basic research and to applications in land
management, land-use planning, wildlife management, ecosystem management,
and conservation biology.
Caesar Kleberg created the Caesar Kleberg Foundation forWildlife Conservation in his will in 1946.
He never knew what would become of it or what direction it would take, but what he believed was
true, without question or discussion. His rationale for creating the Caesar Kleberg Foundation for
Wildlife Conservation is best described by these words in his LastWill and Testament:
“Because of the importance of wildlife and its beneficial effects on the health, habits, and character
of the American people.”...
Traditional software lifecycle development methodologies grew out of a need to control ever-larger development
projects, and the difficulties of estimating and managing these efforts to reliably deliver results. These
methodologies drew heavily on the principles from engineering such as construction management. As a
result, they stressed predictability (one has to plan every last detail of a bridge or building before it is built),
and linear development cycles – requirements led to analysis which led to design which in turn led to
Business and Functional Managers. The managers responsible for business operations and IT procurement process must take an active role in the risk management process. These managers are the individuals with the authority and responsibility for making the trade-off decisions essential to mission accomplishment. Their involvement in the risk management process enables the achievement of proper security for the IT systems, which, if managed properly, will provide mission effectiveness with a minimal expenditure of resources....
When FAO raised the idea of preparing a resource book in collaboration with The
Communication Initiative for people involved in communication and natural
resource management, it was clear that finding an approach that reflected the diversity
of thought, practice and local context would be a challenge.We hope that this document
meets that challenge by presenting experiences across cultural and theoretical
perspectives in such a way as to enable the reader to reflect on some of the shared
principles and lessons learned in this field....
Pacific sardine fishery off Oregon started in 1935, but there are recorded landings of sardine
in Oregon dating back to 1928. The catch dropped off in the 1940’s with 1948 being the last year
of directed fishery landings until 1999 when the fishery was revived. Pacific sardine was
managed as a developmental fishery from 1999 to 2005. In 2004, the sardine industry asked the
Department of Fish and Wildlife to remove Pacific sardines from the developmental species list
and create a limited entry system for the fishery.
Forestry provides two types of long term benefits:-
timber, poles, thinnings
Both these benefits can span a lifetime of over 50 years.
My overwhelming debt is to all the contributing authors of this book, for
their devotion to the completion of their chapters in a relatively short time
period and their participation in the reviewing process of the included
chapters. I owe a special intellectual debt to all of them, for providing me
with a stimulating and challenging environment, not only throughout the
period of editing this book, but also throughout my years in academia.
The Basel paper on interest rate risk divides the responsibilities for interest
rate risk management and oversight among the supreme management body and
senior management. In the context of Austrian corporate law, the senior
management would be the directors of a credit institution authorized to
manage and legally represent it under Article 2 No 1 of the Austrian Banking
The environmental goods and services (EGS) sector has traditionally included solutions for problems
such as air, noise and marine pollution, land and water contamination, as well as activities such as
environmental analysis and consultancy and waste management and recycling. However more
recently, the definition of this sector has widened.
A comparison of mill capacity in China with capacity in North America and Europe
provides further perspective on the pollution management problem. Papermills in North
American and Europe range from several hundred thousand to two million tons of
annual capacity. In contrast, the capacity of the largest mill in China is only 250,000
tons and any mill over 30,000 tons is classified as “large”.
This products classification system facilitates rapid research about the needed medical
devices. It is also a guarantee of maintaining coherence in the whole list and obtaining a clear
overview of what is needed to set up a reproductive health service.
The list of products is specified by two levels of care: the first level of MNH care and the
When an alert is raised, it appears in McAfee Network Security Manager (Manager) in an
unacknowledged state. Unacknowledged means that you have not officially recognized its
presence by marking it acknowledged. An alert remains in an unacknowledged state until
you either acknowledge it or delete it.
Unacknowledged alerts display in the Unacknowledged Alert Summary section of the Home
page and in the Real-Time Threat Analyzer. Acknowledging alerts dismisses them from these
views. Acknowledged alerts display only in the Historical Threat Analyzer and in reports. ...
The study covered mutual fund expense ratios (not including market impact costs) and the
behavior of these ratios with respect to mutual fund complexes and individual product lines with
various amounts of assets under management.
In particular, the study covered all 533 mutual fund complexes that existed in the United States
during the years 1990 to 1994, encompassing assets totaling about $2 trillion at the end of the
period. A mutual fund complex is a "sponsor" which may offer anywhere from...
The notion of Ecosystem Services (ES: (Daily 1997; Carpenter 2003; Kremen and Ostfeld 2005) provides a cohesive scientific view of the many mechanisms through which nature contributes to human well-being. Focusing on both the biophysical mechanisms of ES provision and the economic implications of ES use can allow our societies to balance the sides of the “nature vs. the economy” equation, leading to better management and governance (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2002).