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CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT REPORTED SPEECH

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CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT REPORTED SPEECH

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Câu phát biểu. (statements in reported speech) 1/ Ví dụ :- He said : “ I have lost my pen this morning.” He said that he had lost his pen that morning. - She said to him: “I will go with you tomorrow.” She told him that she would go with him the next day.

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  1. Teacher : Quỳnh CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT REPORTED SPEECH A. Câu phát biểu. (statements in reported speech) 1/ Ví dụ :- He said : “ I have lost my pen this morning.”  He said that he had lost his pen that morning. - She said to him: “I will go with you tomorrow.”  She told him that she would go with him the next day. 2/ Ghi nhớ : muốn đổi một câu trực tiếp sang câu gián tiếp, ta phải : + Giữ nguyên động từ giới thiệu said hoặc đổi said to thành told nếu có túc từ. + Thay đổi đại từ nhân xưng, tính từ sở hữu… theo qui tắc sau : Ngôi thứ 1 đổi thành ngôi thứ như chủ từ ở mệnh đề chính. Ngôi thứ 2 đổi thành ngôi thứ của túc từ. Ngôi thứ 3 giữ nguyên không đổi. + Thay đổi thì của động từ trong câu trực tiếp bằng cách cho lùi về quá khứ một bậc. Cụ thể như sau : + Thay đổi một số từ chỉ thời gian và nơi chốn.  - then - now  - that day / that night - today / tonight  - the following day / the next day - tomorrow  - the previous day / the day before - yesterday  - the following week / month… - next week / month…  - the week before /the month before… - last week /month…  - before - ago  - the following morning - tomorrow morning  - the Tuesday before - last Tuesday  - at once - right now  - there - here  - that / those - this / these - He said : “ I’ll come here to take this book.”  He said that he would come there to take that book. - They said to us : “You must do this work right now.”  They told us that we had to do that work at once. Chú ý :* Khi câu trực tiếp biểu thị một tập quán, một sự thật hay một chân lý th ì khi đổi sang câu gián tiếp thì của động từ không thay đổi. - The lecturer said : “The earth moves round the sun.”  The lecturer said that the earth moves round the sun. * Khi câu động từ giới thiệu ở hiện tại đơn, thì của động từ trong câu gián tiếp không đổi và các từ chỉ thời gian hoặc nơi chốn vẫn giữ nguyên. - The doctor says to her : “You will have to stay here until tomorrow.”  The doctor tells her that she will have to stay here until tomorrow. B. CÂU HỎI. (Questions in reported speech) 1/ Ví dụ :- She said to me : “Do you like swimming ?”  She asked me if I liked swimming. - Tom said : “Has she finished her home work ?”  Tom wanted to know if she had finished her homework. - He asked me : “Why did you come home so late last night?”  He asked me why I had come home so late the night before. 1
  2. Teacher : Quỳnh - Mary said : “ What’s he doing now?”  Mary wondered what he was doing then. 2/ Ghi nhớ : + Đổi said thành asked (có hoặc không túc từ theo sau), wondered hay wanted to know (không có túc từ). + Bỏ dấu hai chấm (:), dấu ngoặc kép (“…”) và dấu chấm hỏi (?) và giữ lại question- word (như what, where, how…) nếu là câu hỏi nội dung (Wh-questions) hoặc thêm if (hay whether) nếu câu hỏi có hay không (Yes-no questions). C. CÂU MỆNH LỆNH. (Commands in reported speech) 1/ Ví dụ :- The teacher said : “Go to the blackboard, John.”  The teacher told John to go to the blackboard. - He said to them : “Don’t be late tomorrow.”  He told them not to be late the next day. 2/ Ghi nhớ :+ Đổi said hay said to thành told hay asked và buộc phải có túc từ theo sau. + Dùng to để thay thế cho dấu hai chấm và ngoặc kép khi là câu mệnh lệnh xác định và dùng not to khi là câu mệnh lệnh phủ định. Câu gián tiếp (reported speech) Tóm tắt Statements * S + said + (that) + clause (Câu phát biểu) * S + told + O + (that) + clause Commands * S + told + O + to infinitive (Câu mệnh lệnh) * S + told + O + not + to infinitive * S + asked + (O) + wh-… + clause Wh-questions * S + wondered + wh-… + clause (Câu hỏi nội dung) * S + wanted to know + wh-… + clause * S + asked + (O) + if / whether + clause Yes-no questions * S + wondered + if /whether + clause (Câu hỏi có không) * S + wanted to know + if / whether + clause EXERCISE I : Put into the reported speech : 1/ Tom said : “I want to buy a pocket calculator for my father.” - _________________________________________________________ 2/ She said : “I once spent a summer in this village.” - _________________________________________________________ 3/ The nurse said : “The patient in this room didn’t obey your orders, Doctor.” - _________________________________________________________ 4/ They said to me : “You taught us English last year.” - ________________________________________________________ 5/ Mr.Brown said : “Our trip cost us two thousand dollars.” - _________________________________________________________ 6/ He said to her : “ I can’t find my hat anywhere in this room.” - _________________________________________________________ 7/ My father said to them : “My secretary is going to finish this job.” - _________________________________________________________ 8/ They said : “We can’t meet you here either today or tomorrow.” - _________________________________________________________ 9/ My mother said : “I think it won’t rain tomorrow.” - _________________________________________________________ 10/ He said : “Your car has been stolen, John.” - _________________________________________________________ 2
  3. Teacher : Quỳnh EXERCISE II : Change to the reported speech: 1/ Mr. Smith said : “Where are you going on your vacation this year ?” - ____________________________________________________ _____ 2/ She said : “Did the mechanis finish repairing your car ?” - _________________________________________________________ 3/ She said : “Why has David been looking so miserable lately ?” - _________________________________________________________ 4/ I asked my friend : “Was anyone hurt in the car accident last month ?” - _________________________________________________________ 5/ She asked me : “How old are you now ?” - _________________________________________________________ 6/ He said to her : “Have you been to town today ?” - _________________________________________________________ 7/ John said : “How long does it take you to get to London, Mary ?” - _________________________________________________________ 8/ The policeman asked the little girl : “What’s your name ?” - _________________________________________________________ 9/ Mr. Green said to his secretary : “Who did you talk to a few minutes ago ?” - _________________________________________________________ 10/ Paul said : “Can you swim, Mary ?” - _________________________________________________________ EXERCISE III : Turn into the reported speech: 1/ The manager said : “ Come into my office, please.” - _________________________________________________________ 2/ The teacher said ro us : “Don’t make so much noise.” - _________________________________________________________ 3/ Mr.Green said : “Please come to our dinner tonight, Bill.” - _________________________________________________________ 4/ Susan said to Tom : “Don’t call me again at this late hour.” - _________________________________________________________ 5/ She said to the boy : “Show me what you have in your hand.” - _________________________________________________________ 6/ The policeman ordered : “Stay where you are and don’t touch anything.” - _________________________________________________________ 7/ The old lady said : “Will you please water these flowers for me.” - _________________________________________________________ 8/ She said : “Don’t leave your coat on this chair.” - _________________________________________________________ 9/ She said to him : “Don’t speak to me like that and behave yourself.” - _________________________________________________________ 10/ Peter said : “Would you mind lending me your dictionary till next Monday.” - _________________________________________________________ EXERCISE IV : Rewrite the following sentences: 1/ The flight attendant said : “Don’t forget to fasten your seat belts.”  The flight attendant reminded _________________________________ 2/ The policeman said to her : “Show me your driving licence.”  The policeman ordered ____________________________________ 3/ He said : “Did you see Mary yesterday ?”  He wanted to know ______________________________________ 4/ He said : “Would you mind telling me the time ?”  He told _______________________________________________ 5/ I said to my friend : “When did you buy your new car ?  I asked ________________________________________________ 3
  4. Teacher : Quỳnh 6/ My friend said to me : “We have known everything about that.”  My friend told ___________________________________________ II. Multiple Choice. 1. “ Do you like this book?” a. My father wanted to know if I did like that book b. My father asked me if I liked that book c. My father told me if I liked that book d. My father said if I liked that book 2. “Let’s go out for a walk, shall we ?” a. She suggested going out for a walk b. She suggested to go out for a walk c. She suggested not to go out for a walk d. She suggested go out for a walk 3. His wife said to him , “ Write to me as soon as you can .” a. His wife told him to write to her as often as he can . b. His wife told him to write to her as often as he could . c. His wife told him writing to her as often as he could . d. His wife told him writing to her as often as he can 4. “May I see Mr.Pike ?” the guest asked. a.The guest asked to see Mr.Pike. b.Mr.Pike wanted to see the guest. c.The guest invited Mr.Pike to see. d.Mr.Pike wanted the guest to see. 5.The lift-girl said to me, “I ‘m sorry. I can’t take you up in the lift” a.The lift-girl invited to take me up in the lift. b. The lift-girl agreed with me by taking me up in the lift. c.The lift-girl told me to take her up in the lift. d.The lift-girl refused to take me up in the lift. 6. “I will do it for you, Mary”, Peter said. a.Peter advised Mary not to do it. b. Peter advised Mary to do it. c.Peter promised to do it for Mary. d.Peter wanted Mary to do it. 7. “Susan, can you remember to buy me some sugar?” said Billy. a.Billy advised Susan to buy him some sugar. b.Billy reminded Susan to buy him some sugar. c.Billy reminded Susan to buy me some sugar. d.Billy invited Susan to buy me some sugar. 8. “Don’t talk in class”, the teacher said. a.The teacher told his student do not talk in class. b.The teacher told his student did not talk in class. c.The teacher told his student not to talk in class. d.The teacher told his student not talking in class. 9. “It is you that stolen my purse”,Mr.Pike said to the young man. a.Mr.Pike told the young man that it was you that stole her purse. b. Mr.Pike denied the young man of stealing her purse. ( từ chối ,phủ nhận ) c. Mr.Pike accused the young man of stealing her purse. d. Mr.Pike asked the young man of stealing her purse 10. “Thank you very much for your help, John,”said Daisy. a.Daisy thanked John for helping her. b.Daisy told John to help her. c.Daisy wanted John to help her and said thanks. d.Daisy would like John to help her. 11. “You cheated in the exam”,the teacher said to his students. ( gian lận ) a.The teacher insisted his students on cheating in the exam. b. The teacher prevented his students from cheating in the exam. c. The teacher advised his students to cheat in the exam. d. The teacher accused his students of cheating in the exam. 12. “Please give me some more money, Mum,”Daisy said. a.Daisy protected her mother from giving her some more money b.Daisy insisted her mother on giving her some more money. c.Daisy dreamed of her mother giving her some more money. d. Daisy looked forward to giving her mother some more money. 13. “ Why didn’t you answer my phone last night?” a.He asked me why he hadn’t answered my phone last night b.He asked me why I didn’t answer his phoned the night before c..He asked me why I hadn’t answered his phone the night after d..He asked me why I hadn’t answered his phone the night before 14. “What would you do if you were a billionaire ?” the man said to the woman a. The man asked the woman what would she do if she were a billionaire. b. The man asked the woman what she would do if she were a billionaire. c. The man asked the woman what you would do if you were a billionaire. 4
  5. Teacher : Quỳnh d. The man asked the woman what would you do if you were a billionaire. 15. “ If I were you, I wouldn’t lend her any money” a. He advised me if he had been me ,he wouldn’t have lent her any money b. He advised me to lend her any money c.He advised me not to lend her any money d. He advised me lend her any money 16. “Leave it there if you don’t like it” a.He asked me to leave it here if I didn’t like it b.He told me to leave it there if I not to like it c. He asked me to leave it there if I didn’t like it d. He told me to leave it here if I didn’t like it. 17. “Tell me what is happening to you” a. He told me to tell him what was happening to me b. He asked me to tell him what is happening to me c. He asked me to tell me what was happening to him d. He asked me to tell him what was happening to me 18. “ What were you doing last night , Mr. John ? “ the police asked . a. The police asked what were you doing last night , Mr. John . b. The police asked Mr. John what he had been doing the night before . c. The police asked Mr. John what he had been done the night before . d. The police asked Mr. John what had he been doing the night before . 19. “ I have seen that film twice” a. Tom said that he had seen this film twice b.Tom told that he had seen that film twice c. Tom said to me that he had seen that film twice d. Tom said that he had seen that film twice 20 .”Would you mind opening the window?” I said to him a. I said to him if he would mind opening the window c. I told him to mind opening the window b. I asked him to open the window d. I asked him to mind opening the window 21. 'You broke my glasses,' said the woman to me. a.The woman insisted on breaking her glasses. b.The woman advised me to break her glasses. c.The woman told me to break her glasses. d. The woman blamed me for having broken her glasses 22. 'Let me pay for the coffee. I really want.' a.Jenny is asked to pay for the coffee. b.Jenny suggested paying for the coffee. c.Jenny insisted on paying for the coffee. d.Jenny told me to pay for the coffee. III. Choose the best answer to each question by circling a, b, c, or d : 1. “Would you like to spend the weekend with us?” They -------her to spend the weekend with them. a.advised b.ordered c.invited d.begged 2. “Could you open the window please?” She ---------him to open the window. a.reminded b.ordered c.asked d.warned 3. “Go to bed immediately!” Mary’s mother ---------her to go to bed immediately. a.advised b.begged c.asked d.ordered 4. “Don’t forget to post the letter!” He ----- me to post the letter. a.reminde b.ordered c.begged d.asked 5. “Park the car behind the Van.” The instructor ----him to park the car behind the Van. a.offered b.told c.asked d.ordered 6. “Please, turn down the radio!”Mark’s sister --------him to turn the radio down. a.reminded b.ordered c.asked d.begged 7. “Don’t play with the matches. They’re very dangerous.”The teacher------the children not to play with the matches. a.ordered b.asked c.warned d.begged 8. “I’ll give you a lift to the airport.”Michelle-----to give her husbands a lift to the airport. a.refused b.offered c.asked d.begged 9. “I won’t lend you any more money.”Matthew ------to lend me any more money. a.offered b.asked c.refused d.invited 10.The teacher said to her student: “You nneed to syudy harder.”She ----him to study harder. a. asked b.advised c.ordered d.begged 10. “If I were you , I would go to the doctor.” Peter said to Mary. A. Peter told Mary to become a doctor B.Peter told Mary that he would go to the doctor C. Peter advised Mary to go to the doctor D. Peter advised Mary not to go to the doctor 26. “I want to borrow your bicycle , John” said Mary A. Mary told John I want to borrow your bicycle. B. Mary told John She wanted to borrow his bicycle. 5
  6. Teacher : Quỳnh C. Mary told John he wanted to borrow her bicycle D. John told Mary he wanted to borrow her bicycle. TEST A. PRONUNCIATION : Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest: 1.A. cut B. cinema C. crown D. can 2.A. general B. game C. get D. garage 3.A. something B. thought C. that D. threaten 4.A. finished B. stopped C. watched D. wanted 5.A. lakes B. cities C. types D. fates B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR: Choose one word or phrase that best fits the blank space in each sentence: 6. Only 13 teams ________ in the first World Cup. A. competed B. competition C. competitive D. competitor 7. The World Cup is held ________four years. A. in B. for C. every D. very 8. The World Cup is regarded as the world _______ of the sport. A. friendship B. champion C. leadership D. championship 9. After FIFA’s final meeting, 26 years _______ before the first World Cup was held in Uruguay. A. have passed B. had passed C. had been passed D. was passing 10. New York belonged _______ the Dutch when it was founded. A. to B. by C. with D. of 11. New York is the name of _______ a state ______ a city. A. neither / nor B. either / or C. both / and D. both / of 12. The Statue of Liberty was made ______ French people wanted to show their friendship with American people. A. although B. so that C. which D. because 13. New York Harbour is ice-free in all seasons. A. not covered with ice B. covered with ice C. with ice D. having a lot of ice 14. In 1664, the English took over the city and renamed it New York. A. looked after B. got over C. got control of D. mingled with 15. The World Cup is followed with passionate _______ around the globe. A. interest B. interesting C. interested D. interestingly 16. Pele was famous ________ his powerful kicking and controlling the ball A. with B. of C. for D. by 17. It was not until 1981 ______ AIDS. A. did people discover B. people discovered C. discovered people D. that people discovered 18. _______ he was thirsty, he refused the water. A. Despite B. Although C. Since D. If 19. One of the largest cities in the Middle East is Baghdad, _______ is the capital of Iraq. A. that B. where C. who D. which 20. I didn’t find the new movie _______. A. amused B. amusing C. amusingly D. amusement 21. He plays the guitar for a small group _______ earn some extra money. A. so as B. in order C. to D. so that 22. Why did you turn on television? – I ______ a football match at six. A. shall watch B. will watch C. am going to watch D. am being watched 23. I read about a girl _______ life was saved by her pet dog. A. whose B. who C. whom D. that 24. He walked all the way home in spite of _______. A. he was tired B. tired C. his tired D. being tired 25. Of all the films I have seen, “Gone With The Wind” is the one ______ best. A. whom I like B. I like C. that likes D. likes 6
  7. Teacher : Quỳnh C. ERROR IDENTIFICATION : Identify one underlined word or phrase that is incorrect: 26. Not until she got home she noticed that she had taken the wrong umbrella. 27. New York City which is located in the southeastern part of New York State. 28. Football is the only sport in which I am interested in it. 29. He went to the conference though having a broken leg. 30. He isn’t going to write to you if you don’t write to him. D. Choose the correct sentence which has the same meaning as the above one : 31. When did you begin playing for the national football team? A. How long have you been played for the national football team? B. How long have you been playing for the national football team? C. How long have you begun playing for the national football team? D. How long were you playing for the national football team? 32. He telephoned to invite me to the party. A. So as to invite me to the party, he telephoned me. B. Inviting me to the party, he telephoned me. C. In spite of inviting me to the party, he telephoned me. D. I was invited to the party and he telephoned me. 33. His doctor warned him. He continued to smoke. A. Despite his doctor warned him, he continued to smoke. B. Although his doctor warned him, but he continued to smoke. C. Although his doctor warned him, he continued to smoke. D. Although his doctor’s warnings, he continued to smoke. 34. The football match interested me. A. I was interested by the football match. B. I was interesting in the football match. C. I found the football match interesting. D. I found the football match interested. 35. I have no money, so I won’t buy a new computer. A. If I had no money, I wouldn’t buy a new computer. B. If I had money, I would buy a new computer. C. If I have money, I will buy a new computer. D. Unless I had money, I would buy a new computer. E. COMPREHENSION: 1. Read the following passage and choose the best answer: For many young people in Britain, sport is a popular part of school life, and being in one of the school teams and playing in matches is very important. If someone is in a team, it means a lot of extra practice and often spending a Saturday or Sunday away from home, as many matches are played then. It can also involve travelling to other towns to play against other school teams and then staying on after the match for a meal or a drink. Sometimes parents, friends and other students will travel with the team to support their own side. When a school team wins a match, it is the whole school that feels proud, not only the players. It can also mean that the school becomes well-known for being good at certain sports and students from that school may end up playing for national and international teams so that the school has some really famous names associated with it. 36. A student has to ______ if he or she in a sport team of the school. A. do a lot of extra practice B. spend a Saturday or Sunday away from home C. spending a Saturday or Sunday at home D. A and B are correct 37. Matches are often played _______. A. every day B. from Monday to Friday C. on Saturdays and Sundays D. only on Saturday 38. Why does a sport team have to travel to other towns? A. to play for the national team B. to play for the international team C. to play against other school teams D. for a meal or a drink 39. Players sometimes go ______. A. by themselves B. only with parents C. only friends D. with parents, friends and other students 40. Who feels proud when a school team wins? A. only the players B. the whole school C. students from that school D. only the parents 7
  8. Teacher : Quỳnh 2. Read the passage and make the correct choice: London, the (41) ______ of Great Britain, is one of the largest cities in the world. It is also a ve ry old city, dating back (42) ______ 2,000 years to days of the Roman Empire. London, (43) ______ is located on the River Thames and near the Atlantic coast, is one of the busiest centers of commerce and finance (44) ______ the world. People of many nationalities and occupations can be found in this historic city. In the shopping areas, a wide range of goods (45) ______ offered to the public. People (46) ______about the large, busy city in subways or on double-decked buses. At the center of London is Trafalgar Square with its tall statue of Admiral Horatio Nelson, a British hero. Other (47) ______ for visitors to London (48) ______ Buckingham Palace, the Tower of London, St. Paul’s Cathedral, the British Museum, and (49) ______ lovely parks and gardens. Many visitors also go to Parliament to watch the British law-makers at (50) _____ in the House of Commons and the House of Lords. 41.A. country B. capital C. district D.state 42.A. nearly B. likely C. near D. for 43.A. where B. that C. which D. it 44.A. over B. through C. on D. in 45.A. is B. has C. really D. actually 46.A. get B. travel C. take D. control 47.A. areas B. thing C. attractions D. place 48.A. exclude B. involve C. consist D. include 49.A. much B. another C. many D. a lot 50.A. least B. work C. times D. first VI. Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the words from the box: eradicate – honor – literate – volunteer – educate – provide – promote – participate – effect – mature 1. We were very pleased with the high level of _______________ in the charity events (participate) 2. Humor is often far more __________________ than shouting (effect) 3. Did he do it _________, or did you make him? (volunteer) 4. I can see an increasing __________ in how she understands the world. (mature) 5. They started a campaign for illiteracy _________ in the summer of 2000. (eradicate) 6. I am deeply _________ to be invited to this momentous occasion. (honor) 7. We congratulate James on his well-deserved _________ to Chief Executive. (promote) 8. All the children are tested in basic ________________ (literate) 9. The Red Cross is in charge of ______________ of emergency relief (provide) 10. We found the program ________________ and informative (educate) 8
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