Giáo trình Tiếng Anh (dùng cho các trường Trung học chuyên nghiệp và Dạy nghề): Phần 2 - Đỗ Tuấn Minh (chủ biên)

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Giáo trình Tiếng Anh (dùng cho các trường Trung học chuyên nghiệp và Dạy nghề): Phần 2 - Đỗ Tuấn Minh (chủ biên)

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Thông qua các chủ điểm và những tình huống giao tiếp sinh động, nội dung ngôn ngữ, các kĩ năng và hoạt động giao tiếp được tổ chức, khai thác và phát triển, Let's Study English thực sự tạo cơ hội cho người học giao tiếp bằng tiếng Anh. Sách có 20 đơn vị bài học và bốn bài tập ôn. Mỗi đơn vị bài học ứng với một chủ đề cụ thể và gồm các mục sau: Conversation, Vocabulary, Reading, Listening. Sách gồm 2 phần, sau đây là phần 1 giáo trình. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.

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Nội dung Text: Giáo trình Tiếng Anh (dùng cho các trường Trung học chuyên nghiệp và Dạy nghề): Phần 2 - Đỗ Tuấn Minh (chủ biên)

  1. UNIT 16 A BRITISH VVEDDING Language Focus: Talking about planned activities Vocabulary: A vvedding Grammar: The íuture with "be going to" ì. CONVERSATION Beth: Hey, Judy. Do you know thát Janet and Robert are going to get married? Judy: Yes. ì gót their invitation yesterday. I'm sure you are going to get one soon. Beth: ì received the invitation this moming actually. Are you going to their party? Judy: Certainly. I'm going there with some of my old classmates. Do you want to join us? Beth: If you don't mind. Judy: Oícoursenot. Beth: What wedding gift are you going to huy thèm? Judy: I'm thinking of a tea sét. What about you? Beth: Fm going to huy thèm a big album. They'll neeci Ít for the photos. Judy: That's a good idea.
  2. l i . VOCABULARY Task 1. Match the vvords/ phrases in column A with their detinitìons in column B. A B Ì. bride a) a suit vvorn by the groom ôn his vvedding day 2. groom b) an agreement to get married 3. wedding c) a young woman/ girl who helps the bride during the wedding ceremony 4. bridesmaid d) a holiday taken by a newly married couple 5. best man e) a long woman's dress for special occasion 6. honey moon f) a male friend of the groom who helps him during thevvedding 7. gown g) a newly married person 8. tuxedo h) a man ôn his vvedding day 9. engagement i) a marriage ceremony 10. newly-wed j) a vvoman ôn her vvedding day Task 2. ưse the vvordsỉn the box to nu in the blanks. tuxedo honey moon govvn newly-weds vvedding bride groom bridesmaid best man engagement Last Saturday ì went to a wedding in Lincolnshire. The (1). was Johnny, my best íriend át college. The (2) _, Mary, was also a íriend of mine. They decided to get married five months after their (3) last July. Johnny was vvearing a (4) and Mary was vvearing a long white (5) . ì was Johnny's (6) . Mary's (7) was a young pretty girl. After the (8). the (9). . gót onto a taxi and headed for the airport. They vvere ílying to Spain, where they vvere going to spend their (10) . 118
  3. HI. READING Read the following passages, then decide to which item each statement refers by writing the corresponding letter A, B, c, or D in the box provided. The number of boxes shows the number of the answers. Passage A - VVedding Cake Passage B - Wedding Dress The first wedding cake dated In early times a woman wore her best back to the Middle Ages. ít was dress in her wedding. The tradition of made of sugar icing and vvearing a white vvedding dress was decorated with meaningíul only started in 1499. White is a sign symbols like doves, họrseshoes, of virginity and joy. People also etc. Until today the wedding cake believe thát the colour can drive away is the symbol of good luck and evil spirits. íertility. The bride and groom cút ít was believed thát the bride should the wedding cake and from thát never make her own dress or try Ít ôn moment they share their nevv life beíore the wedding. She shouldiTt let together. AU the guests should eat her groom see her in her wedding some to ensure good Iuck. A dress beíore the wedding, either. single woman can place a piece of These were to make sure thát the vvedding cake under her pillow marriage took place. and should dream of the man she is going to maưy. Passage D - Wedding Ring In the past, a golden ring was given Passage c - Bridal Bouquet to the bride's family in payment for Flowers played a very important the bride. Now ít is simply the part in olden times - the smell of symbol of loverand marriage. The the flowers were believed to ward ur^roken circleịis alẩo an age-old off evil spirits and bring good sị|nbol of 'Eteimty\j[Ịs a tradiuon íortune. The throwing of the to placc the \Mĩ(kỉịng ring ôn Khe bouquet is a way of spreading the middle-3||g[gỆ'or^he lcft bỗnd. bride's good fortune and luck. Perhaps itV jấecause^tfiĩr*ancient Whoever catches Ít will be blessed Romans believed thát the vein in with good luck and will be the next the third íinger ran directly to the to maưy. ĩhẹart, so the wearing of rings ôn Khát íịnger joined the couple's ịheạrts and destinies. 119
  4. Ì ít first appeared in the Middle Ages. 2 In the past Ít was used as a payment for the bride. 3 People think Ít can drive away the evil spirits. 4. ít symbolizes etemity. 5 Its colour symbolizes virginity and joy. 6 If a single woman places a piece of this under her pillow, she'll dream of her íuture husband. 7 Whoever catches this will be the next to marry. 8 ít was decorated with meaningíul symbols. li IV. LISTENING Listen to Manny talking about her coming vvedding, then answer the following questỉons briefly. The first one has been done as an example. 1. When is Mary's wedding? -> Sunday March 28 2. Where are they going to have the reception? 3. How many people are going to the reception? 4. What is Aunt Judy going to make? 5. What is Uncle George going to bring? 6. What is the weather going to be? V. GRAMMAR FOCUS • What are you going to wear in your vvedding? • ỉ'm going to wear the traditional dress. I'm nót going to wear the XVestern wedding gown. Complete the following conversation. Fonda: (1) you going to \vatch the íootball match tonighl? James: Yes, ì (2) . 120
  5. Fonda: Are you (3). . to vvatch Ít the living mom ; 1 James: No, ì (4) .(5). ì am going (6) . watch Ít in my bed room. Why are you asking? Fonda: Because Jimmy and ì (7) (8). _(9). _ watch a movie, and we (10) (li) .(12). . need the DVD player in the living room. VI. SPEAKING Work in groups of four. Find out vvhat your íriends' plans for • this evening • tomorrow mri aậ • the weekend • this summer • this Tét holiday I'm going to my cousin's wedding this vveekend. Make a lỉst of your friends' plans. After the This Tomoưovv The The The Tét class evening weekend summer holiday Friend 1 Go to a cousin's wedding Friend 2 Friend 3 121
  6. v u . PRONUNCIATION AND FURTHER PRACTICE • Pronuncỉation: /3/ lị/ occasion tradition television special vision horseshoe pleasure sure • Further Practice Task 1. Use the words given to write complete sentences. Ì. John/ meet his lavvyer/ tomorrow. •ỳ John is going to meet his lawyer tomorrovv. 2. They/ sign an important contract/ this afternoon. 3. ì/ pick úp my cousin át the airport/ this vveekend. 4. You/ go to the alumni meeting/ next vveek? 5. She/ apply for medical school/ after graduating from university. 6. My íriends and Ì/ have a farewell party/ át the end of this month. 7. Mary/ nót take the medicine. 8. You/ work in the USA/ after graduation? 9. We/ take the train to Sapa/ this summer. 10. He/ nót leave Japan/ today. 122
  7. Task 2. Use either "will" or "be going to" to complete the sentences. 1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: ì am going to vvrite (vvrite) a letter to my íriends. 2. A: I'm feeling so sleepy. B: ì (make) you a cup of coffee. Thát will wake you úp. 3. A: ì can't hear the television! B: ì (tùm) Ít úp for you. 4. We are so excited about our tóp next month to France. We (visit) Paris, Toulouse, and Lyons. 5. Sarah (come) to the party. Oliver (be) there as well. 6. A: ít is so hót in here! B: ì (open) windows. 7. ì think he (be) the next President of the Youth Club. 8 After ì graduate, ì (attend) medical school and become a doctor. 9. A: Excuse me, ì need to talk to someone about the heating system in room 204. ít doesn't work. B: Thát man át the service counter. (help) you. 10. As soon as the weather clears úp, we (walk) down to the beach and go swimming. Task 3. Choose the correct sentence in each pair by circling the corresponding letter, A or B. 1. A - Look! ít is going to rain. B - Look! ít will rain. 2 A - You're trembling. Sít dovvn. ì am going to make you a cup of coffee. B - You're trembling. Sít down. r u make you a cup of coffee. 123
  8. 3. A - 1 promise ì am nót going to ten him. B - ì promise ì won't tell him. 4. A - ì am going to deliver the speech át 10 o'clock as planned. B - ì will deliver the speech át 10 o'clock as planned. 5. A - You are wet through! ì am going to tùm ôn the heat. ít is goina to make you feel vvarmer. B - You are wet through! ru tùm ôn the heat. ít'li make you feel wamier. 6. A - Are you going to Jean's vvedding this Sunday? B - Will you go to Jean's vvedding this Sunday? 124
  9. UNIT 17 ÁT SCHOOL Language Focus: School life Vocabulary: Words about school life Grammar Focus: The present períect ì. CONVERSATION John: You don't look very happy today. What is the problem? Alice: Tomoưow ì have to hand in a composition for my English class bút ì haven't finished Ít. ì even haven't decided ôn the topic. John: Thát shouldn't be too difficult. Do you remember those pictures you showed me this moming? The ones from your tóp to Egypt last summer. Alice: Ah, yeah. I've gót thèm here. John: Why don't you write about your impression of the pyramids in Egypt and the camelrideyou took? and Alice. Thát sounds « good idea. ì can also tell about my to Africa North America. my John: Well, now thát youTe fee.,ng better about this. ì thú* n i be ôn way. I've gót to íinish my composition, too. Alice: Thanks a lót for your help. Bye! 125
  10. l i . VOCABULARY Educational Subịects Complete the names of school subjects and match thèm with their correct deĩinitions. The first one has been done for you as an example. l . _ geographv ^ A. nghệ thuật 2. sics ^ ^ ^ ^ B. toán học là 3. sical Education c. địa lý 4. sic D. hóa học 5. ít E. vật lý 6. mistry F. âm nhạc 7. thematics G. lịch sử 8. torv H. kinh tế học 9. logy ì. sinh học 10. nomics J. giáo dục thể chất IU. READING Read the conversation betvveen Anna and her proíessor then choose the best answer A, B, c or D. Anna: Good morning! Is this the office of Professor Cathy? Prof. Cathy: Yes, I'm Cathy. What can ì help you? Anna: Yes. My name is Anna Belding. ì need some help. Prof. Cathy: Of course. So what is your problem? Anna: Fve been here for two months. Át present, I'm staying with another girl in the hostel. She smokes and ì can't stand Ít. ì vvonder \vhether ì can move to another room? Prof. Cathy: OK, let me check whether there is any vacancy left. 126
  11. Anna: Besides, I've registered for five classes for this semester. Bút ì have been overloaded vvith assignments and ì want to postpone the Advance Accounting class of Proíessor Black. ì vvonder whether ì can take her class next semester. Prof. Cathy: OK, let me check the schedule again. Alright, you can take Ít next semester, Anna. Anna: Oh, thank you so much. Another problem. ì need some reíerence books for my Economics class's essay which ì have to hand in next week. Bút úp to now ì haven't gót the books ì need. Prof. Cathy: OK, have you told the librarian your problem? Anna: Yes, ì did. Bút she doesn't seem very helpful. That's why ì need some help. Prof. Cathy: Well, r u have a talk with her to see vvhether she can give vou some more help. Let's hope for good news. Anything else, Anna? Anna: That's all, ì think. ì hope the librarian can help me so thát ì can hand in my essay ôn time. Thank you very much for your help, Proĩessor Cathy. Prof. Cathy: You're vvelcome, Anna. 1. What is NÓT mentioned as Anna's problem? a. Changing room b. Postponing her Advance Accounting class c. Registering for her English class d. Finding some materials 2. Why does Anna have to find another room? a. She doesn't get ôn well with her roommate. b. There are many vacant rooms in the hostel. c. She vvants to move outside. d. She can't get used to the living condition in the hostel. 3. Why does Anna have to postpone Professor Black's class? a. She can't afford the fee. b. She has to finish an essay. 127
  12. c. She has too many assignments to do. d. She is having some quarrels with her roommate. 4. What does Anna expect after her talk vvith Professor Cathy? a. She doesn't need to hand in her essay. b. Professor Cathy can find some books for her. c. The librarian will be dismissed. d. The librarian will be more helpíul. IV. LISTENING Listen to a talk betvveen Jessica and her professor about her attendance. Choose the best answer. 1. What is Jessica's problem? a. She hasn't been getting adequate grades. b. She hasnt been attending class every day. c. She has been coming to school much too early. d. She has been overloading herse]f with homevvork. 2. How many days has Jessica attended class? a. Two b. Four c. Six d. Eight 3. What does Jessica decide to do? a. stay in class b. get another class c. withdraw from class d. miss just one more class 4. Át the end of the conservation, what does Proíessor Murphy say he has to do? a. dismiss class b. drop the class c. change his class d. prepare for class 128
  13. V. GRAMMAR FOCUS • Present Pertect Base Past Simple Past Participle (-) ì haven'tfinished Ít. (+) ì have been here for two months. finish íinished ĩinished (?) Has she come yet? show showed shown come came came Yes, she has/No, she hasn 'í. 3 Practice Choose the correct verb form Ì. Did you everl Have you ever been to North America? 2. She has hadl had this house since 1950. 3. We sawl have seen this fĩlm ôn TV last week. 4. AU members are/have been here for over two hours. 5. It's over ten years since they mét/ have mét each other. VI. SPEAKING AND VVRITING Task 1. VVork in groups. Take turns to talk with y0Uf parlntrs aboUt these issues and nu in this table. Friends Subjects Subjects Reasons Problem Solutions Ilike ì don't like ì have Friend 1 Friend 2 For example: A: What are yourỷavourite subịects? B: ì love Physics as Ít helps me to explain some natural phenomena. Besides, the teacher is very sincere and he has a good sense ofhumour. His lessons are very interesting. A: Do you have any dịffĩculty át school? 129
  14. B: Hmm, well. ỉ find English very difficult, especially, writing. A: OK, ỉ can give you a hand. When vou have free time, we can learn English together. Task 2. Write meaningful sentences to complete Daisy's letter to his fa Dear Dad and Múm, Ì. ưsoưy/noưwrite/so/long. 2. In/lasưfew months/I/busy/prepare/exam. 3. I/register/six/class/this/semester/so/I/overload/assignmenti. 4. However/ưmanage/everything/well. 5. I/intend/come/home/this/summer. 6. I/look forwards/see/you/soon. Love, Daisy VU. PRONUNCIATION AND FURTHER PRACTICE • Pronunciation nu /d /3 check picture each geography subject biology change natural much Jessica Egypt manage • Further Practice Task 1. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the present perfect or past simple 1. (you ever play) tennis? Y
  15. 5. It's the first time ì (attend) a class of Proíessor Murphy. How interesting Ít is! l|y Task 2. VVrite the ansvvers by making sentences, using for or since. For example: How long have you worked as a teacher? (two vears) ỉ have worked as a teacherfor two years. pin, How long have you been married? (2002) Ì have been married since 2002. 1. How long have you lived in the United States? (one year) 2. How long has Mary been a nurse? (April) 3. How long have they studied English? (a few months) 4. How long has Karen played tennis? (a long time) 5. How long has he worn glasses? (he was a child) 6. How long has Emily played the piano? (she was át high school) presí 7. Hovv long has Rón had his new computer? (last month) 8. How long has she ovvned the bookshop? (ten years) 9. How long have your íriends been in town? (Monday) lũ. How long has the post office been closed? (5 o'clock). 131
  16. Task 3. Fill in the table. Base Past Past Base Form Past Past Form Simple Participle Simple Participle be was/were been hold break keep báng knovv huy lend come leave cút pay choose put do read cát say ri feel see go take gi ve ten ít have vvrite hear understand ki ì ị 132
  17. UNIT 18 CITY LIFE AND COUNTRY LIFE *ỊLanguage Focus: Talking aboutliíe in the city and life in the countryside rVòcabulary: Adịectịves describing city life and country life Grammar: The comparison of adjectives ì. CONVERSATION Interviewer: Hello, David. Are you ready for the intervievv now? David: Yes, r i n ready. Interviewer: How long have you lived ôn this farm? David: Well, let me see. We moved here ÍPDm Los Angeles in 1998, so we've been here for 7 years. Interviewer: ì séc Why did you decide to move to the countryside? David: Well, you know. ì spent 45 years of my life in Los Angeles, a huge city. And somehovv ì gót too tired of the city life. Interviewer: What don't you like about the city life? And how different is Ít from the country life? David: Well, in the city there are more people, more vehicles, and more high buildings. Life is faster there and most of the jobs are stressíul. It's more peaceíul here in the countryside. People don't move as fast; they stop and talk to each other ôn the way. Yeah, the most attractive thing about the country lifestyle is you get to talk to people more. Interviewer: Do your children enjoy living ôn the farm? David: Nót very much át íĩrst, because it's obvious thát the city is more exciting. Bút now as they've made newftiendsand they have been involved in many acti vities ôn the farm, they like Ít much more. Intervievver: Thát sounds good. What about... 133
  18. l i . VOCABULARY Match the vvords in column A with their antonyms in coiumn B. A B 1) exciting a) polluted 2) peaceful b) isolated 3) quiet c) violent 4) pure d)reserved 5) crowded e) boring 6) ửiendly f) noisy 7) safe g) dangerous 8) stressíul h) relaxing HI. READING Read the following passage about farming, then put the statements into two categorỉes: 1) myths (M) and 2) facts (F). IS FARMING AN EASY WAY OF LIFE? Many people think thát íarming is a slow-paced life vvith repeated daily routines tròm one day to another. They desire to live in the countryside because Ít is much safer there than in the city. In fact, farming life can be dangerous. Farm children have to learn át an early age to stay away (rom íarming machines for their own saíety and for their parents' safety. Despite their caution, accidents still happen and sometimes, they cause deaths. Farming life is also thought to be more pleasant because when one works ôn the farm, he has no boss. Thereíore, he can have a day off vvhenever he vvants. Bút this is nót trúc Farming is a íull- 134
  19. time job. A working day ôn the farm is often longer than thát in the city. People work tròm morning tin night, and they hardly have any vacation. The daily chores require thèm to be ôn the farm 365 days a year. Another common myth is thát íarming is outdated and totally dependent ôn the weather. Novvadays, farm work requires modern technology as much as any other industry. Farms are now bigger than they were in the past, so machines and equipment are necessary to cultivate the land. The weather is still important, bút people have developed many vvays to deal with harsh weather including green houses, artiíicial rain, etc. 1. Life ôn the farm is slow and baseđ ôn routines. -¥ M 2. ít is safer to live ôn the farm than in the city. 3. Farming life can be dangerous. 4. Farming life is more pleasant because there is no one to control yoj. 5. A íarmer can go ôn holiday vvhenever he wants. 6. Farming is old-fashioned. 7. Farming is totally dependent ôn the weather. 8. Farming needs as much technology as other industries. IV. LISTENING Listen to Kelix talking about his typical day then give short answers to the questions. 1. What time does Felix often get úp? 2. Which highway does he have to take every day? 3: What is the speed limit ôn the highway? 4. What is Felix's job basically about? 5. What time does Felix start working in the afternoon? 6. What time does he leave his office? 7. When does he go to bed? 135
  20. V. GRAMMAR FOCUS • Equal comparison of adjectives • good - better - the best The country is as good as the city. • bad - worse - the wora The country is nót so excừing as the city. • far - farther/ further - • The comparatives of adịectives the íarthesư the íurthest The air in the countryside is fresher than • many/ much - more - in the city. the most The city life is more excừing than the • little - less - the least country life. • The superlatives of adjectives This is the quickest way to get to the bank. This is the most croyvded part of the city. Write the comparative and superlative form of the following adịectives. Adjective Comparative Superlative fast slow dangerous pure polluted VI. SPEAKING Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and ansvver questions about the city Iife and the country Iife. Use the comparative and superlative forms when you talk. Where do you prefer to live? In the city or in the countryside? Which is more crovvded? The city or the countryside? What is the most attractive thing about the city life/ the country life? Etc. 136


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