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Tiếng Anh - Các dạng bài tập ngữ âm và từ vựng: Phần 2

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Tiếng Anh - Các dạng bài tập ngữ âm và từ vựng: Phần 2

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Bí quyết đầu tiên và quan trọng nhất cho các bạn khi làm dạng bài tập ngữ âm và từ vựng tiếng Anh là thay vì học thuộc cách phát âm hay cách nhấn trọng âm của từng từ một thì bạn nên khái quát thành những quy tắc ngữ âm. Các bạn cần nắm được được phần từ vựng thông dụng: cụm từ cố định (idiom, phrasal verb…) đã được học trong chương trình phổ thông, cách sử dụng và vị trí của từ loại trong câu bằng cách học nghĩa và làm bài tập liên quan đến các từ vựng này. Sau đây là phần 2 của Tài liệu Các dạng bài tập ngữ âm và từ vựng tiếng Anh . Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.

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Nội dung Text: Tiếng Anh - Các dạng bài tập ngữ âm và từ vựng: Phần 2

  1. C. W O R D S F R O M T H E S A M E F A M I L Y In e a c h o f th e s e n te n c e s b e lo w , fill in th e b la n k w ith a w ord fr o m th e sam e fa m ily as th e g iv e n w o r d . B e su re to use th e c o r r e c t w o r d fo r m o r v e r b fo rm . 1. Happy - When they met, they quarreled, resulting in an.......... meeting. - Richness may not necessarily bring about.......... , but peace of mind can. - As there has been som e.......... between the couple, they kept quiet. - You can live.......... if your mind is free from unnecessary worries. 2. Advice - 1 never hesitate taking good.......... , which, I think, will be a god guide to a certain aspect of work. - Good teachers must often .......... their students to try to do their best but must not expect them to be perfect. - It is.......... to pay great attention to other vehicles while driving on a busy road. 3. Willing - Are you.......... to help those who don’t try to help themselves? - Many people here are.......... to work overtime at the expense of their free time. - Since Mr Ford has not indicated his.......... to come to the party, we should not count him in. - When ever I was invited, I accepted the invitation.......... 4. Surprise - We w ere.......... to see Mary come without her boy friend. 161
  2. - W hen attacked, the rascal ran away, but........ . he made a counter-attack soon. - It won’t b e .......... to see an ordinary person becom e a rich man one day. 5. Explain - If you don’t understand the point, you can ask the speaker to ...-.......it again. - The technician is giving an.......... as to how the new machine can be properly used. - Every chart in the report requires a few .......... words at the bottom o f it. 6. Offend - It seems that your rude remarks have.......... Roland. - Since he was a first-tim e.......... , he was given a warning without any penalty. - M any western people find the strong smell of d u ria n s .......... - In this country, it is an.......... to throw rubbish in a public place. 7. Apologize - “Sorry! I didn’t mean to hurt you,” Tom said...................... - You are wrong and must therefore make an.......... to her, the sooner the better. - Don’t b e .......... ! I was somewhat wrong, too. 8. True - I am .....................grateful for all your help. - Your story is marvelous. Is there any.....................in it? - In today’s society, how many servants will rem ain..................... to their masters? 162
  3. Purpose ■She was looking for her lost purse, but to n o..................... ■What was the.....................of his recent visit? - It is said that James has..............knocked against the other car. - Irene entered the m anager’s office with a.......... look on her face. - What is the point o f doing such a.................... thing? 10. Agree - The old m an.....................with the young man’s impractical plan. - If you find the present job .................... , change it without hesitation. - Don’t be so nasty as not to b e.................... to his good proposal. - There seems to be a.....................between the two news report. - Some committee m embers have been having som e...............lately. 11. Calculate - Half these.....................are wrong! - My son wants a pocket.................... for his birthday. - He was a very cool,.....................kind of person. 12. Collect - Stamp.....................can be a very expensive hobby. - Here’s a special offer to all.................... of foreign coins! - The.....................was very successful. It raised 3,500. 13. Compare - I’m just a beginner in .....................with her. - Crimes o f violence w ere.................... race until a few years ago. - W hat happened two years ago is not really.....................to the situation now. 14; Compete - W ould all..................... please make their way to the start? 163
  4. - W e’re selling these toys at a v e r y .....................price. - If I win this......................I’ll get a new bicycle. 15. Confirm - She received a letter of.....................from the hotel. - W e’re received a n ................. . report of an explosion outside the President’s house. 16. Continue - His latest book is a.....................of his previous one. - The train service w as.................... because it w asn’t used by many people. - 1 couldn’t get much work done as I w as.....................being interrupted by people telephoning me. - After four hours’.....................typing I had a terrible headache. 17. Advantage - He is making full use of his.....................position as a political leader’s son. - Some people had the.....................of being born into rich or influential families. - Among the three short-listed candidates, Tom is at a .................... because o f knowing only one language. - In a multi-lingual and multi-racial society, knowing only one language is really.....................in many aspects. 18. Insist - A i a good administrator, D avid.....................on having a good system based on meritocracy. - Because of his children’s ...................... Peter bought a new big car to their liking. •The m anager w as.....................that the allocated work must be duly completed. lA
  5. 19. Describe - Compared with a narrative essay, a.................... essay is more difficult to write. - We need TV serials which give a good.................... o f different aspects o f life o f our people. Only an eye-witness can.................... what has actually happened. 20. Prevent •There must be som e.....................measures to stop environmental pollution. - Who can.....................people from going to live in a more peaceful place? - Do you know the meaning of.................... is better than cure? 21. Punish - Criminals o f all sorts must be severely..................... - Drug-smuggling in this country is.................... by death. - There must be a severe.................... for reckless driving. 22. Persuade - She tried to.....................her parents to let her go skiing. - Who is the person who is speaking so.....................on the stage? - Most successful politicians have good.....................power. •The people accepted the new policy after som e..................... 23. Believe - You won’t.....................a liar’s story, will you? - It is.....................that Diana has kept many cats at home. - Helen’s singing is.....................good. - Such a story is not worthy of.................... 24. Justice - If a judge has no sense of...................... no one will respect him. 165
  6. - The referee’s decision was . It is therefore wrong to accuse him o f bias. - We will do Fames a great. if he is not given a prize. 25. Prefer - W hen you go out at night, wear a white shirt, which is.....................to a black one. - For my daily diet, I don’t have a .....................for any food; I eat everything. - S h e .....................meat to vegetables, but I am the other way around. 26. Suspect - Peter is an honest man, so don’t.....................him. - The police are looking high and low for m urder..................... - Keep an eye on that strange-looking man whose behaviour appears..................... - The manager seldom trusts people and often treats others w ith..................... 27. Observe - The present situations in some countries require c lo s e ................. - Some foreigners came to the conference as political..................... - It took some time to find out the problem of the em ploym ent system. - It was not.....................at the beginning. - The whole world is.....................the development of the new political situation in a neighbouring country. 28. Divide - The river forms the.....................between the two parts of the city. - She is a .....................person who often tries to make people quarrel. 166
  7. The number 25 is 29. Dead - Can doctors cure all the.................... diseases? •When the king says you m ust.................... , you cannot expect to live. On the way to the hospital, the seriously wounded man was..................... 30. Generous - Some rich people are.................... , but others are stingy. - It is hoped that all will donate..................... for a good cause. - Out of.................... , David often gives presents to the poor and the unfortunate. ■» 31. Sarcastic - “You honorable fellow!” Mr. Lin said.................... to a dishonest friend. - Go ahead with your work. Don’t mind the supervisor’s remarks. •I would feel awkward whenever I heard something said with..................... 32. Criticize - I don’t know why many people like to.....................others rather than take a look at themselves. - Students are students. You can’t expect them to be perfect, so don’t be too.....................about their assignments. - We should not be afraid of.................... as long as they are valid and constructive. 33. Weigh - 1 now .....................more than I used to. 167
  8. - Helen is on a diet and is losing.................... - It is wise to.....................your words before speaking. - The unexpected bad news is a.................... on her mind. - political issues must be carefully dealt with. 34. Value - Some students considered their teacher’s advice..................... - Smoking has no.....................to speak of though sm okers claim it helps to calm a person’s nevers. - Jason has written a series of books of great..................... - I hope you w ill.....................our friendship, which is too................... to be measured. * W henever something is.................... , don’t hesitate to discard. 35. Decide - There were so many good things that they could n ot.................... what to buy. - The committee has made som e................. changes for the better - The manager is expected to announce its final..................... soon. - As a leader, you have to be m ore.....................; otherwise, you will be a victim o f..................... 36. Forget - Mother is getting older and has becom e rather..................... - We went to a beautiful contryside and spent an ............. day there. - I hope you have n ot.....................the time when we played and studied together. 37. Continue - There should be a .....................of a system if it is good and useful. - our mind needs a.....................supply of blood. - The rain has gone on.....................for three days. 168
  9. 38. Extend - How can let the tree branches.................... to your neighbours’ courtyard? - There will be an.....................to the old hall so as to accommodate more audience. - Educated people today should read.................... in their free time. - The housing abuthorities will carry out.................... repairing of old apartments. - With the passing o f the new law, the President’s power will be further. 39. Pretend - I don’t.....................to teach you social etiquette because you know it much better than I. - She made no.....................to have a good knowledge of such a difficult subject. - Beware of people obtaining money by false..................... - Avoid using.....................language or it will sound artificial. - Tom wanted me to lend him money under the.....................of friendship. 40. Different - people think...................... Don’t you agree? - Nylon.....................from silk in quality and price. - Since they could not come to a common view, they agreed to - Jason and Sam belong t o .................... age groups. - Can you describe some m ain.................... between football and basketball? 41. Cultivate - To promote culture, we have to.................... a knowledge of music and arts. 169
  10. - Land that stays.....................for a long time will becom e arid and useless. - The government is encouraging the.................... of natural resources. - A .....................person will be aware of good manners. 42. Visual - aids help promote the results of teaching and learning. - It is difficult to.....................a situation in which you have never been before. - The speaker..............described the journey by using colour slides. 43. Consum e - Price increases are often passed on to..................... - Contaminated food is unfit for hum an..................... - Doing household chores could be tim e.................. and painstaking. 44. Negotiable - The M inistry of M anpower has t o .....................with the civil servants over the prospective salary cut. - As far as I know, all cheques issued are non-transferable and - According to the Personnel Manager, the starting salary is not rigid; it is..................... - The final agreement of merger between the two financial companies came as a result of months of..................... 45. Likely - Is there any.....................that Mr. Li will be our next Chief Executive Officer? - The Chinese team will be the m ost.....................team to win the table tennis tournament. 170
  11. - In this country, it is.................... for a person without a strong background to be make a political leader. 46. Energy - As a rule, the young have m ore.................... than the old. - W henever he talked about his favourite topic, Tony Lin went about i t ..................... - Many good athletes are..................... They can practice their skills for hours without taking a rest. 47. Decorate - The.....................said he would charge me 1,000 a room. - During the festival.....................were hanging from every tree. 48. Demonstrate - T h e .....................all sat down in the middle of the road. - He offered to give me a .................... of how the machine worked. 49. Depend - We are.....................on other countries for most of our food. - Every year we celebrate our.................... 50. Dictate - The boss wants you to take some.................... - He acted in an extrem ely.................... manner, which made him very unpopular. 51. Direct - Are you sure w’e’re going in the right.................... ? - She looked.....................at me as she said it. - I had to look up the number in the telephone..................... - Hitchcock is one of my favorite film .................... 171
  12. 52. Econom y - My new car is m ore.................... than the one I had before. - She studied.....................at uni\ ersity. - On my salary we have to live as.................... as possible. - If we don’t .....................on electricity, there will be power cuts. 53. Electric - He works as an.....................for a local firm. - The price of.....................has gone up again. - The fire was caused by an.....................fault in the television. - He is a n .....................engineer. 54. Employ - Last December the boss gave all his.....................a bonus. - I’ve been.....................since June. I must find work soon. - Her.....................was so angry at her attitude that he fired her. - He hoped the.....................agency would find him a job. 55. Enthusiasm - They all cheered.....................as their team came out. - I’m afraid they weren’t very.....................about your idea of going out this evening. D. CO N VERTED W O R D S Complete each o f the sentences with a suitable word from the list. Be sure to use tlie correct noun form or verb form. Example 1: If you have not done well now, you can .............again. Answer: try Example 2: Your idea may not work, but it is worth a ..................... Answer: try 172
  13. Exercise 1 fall touch guess help kick knock cut drop drink escape try 1. Can you.....................what his name is? 2. The naughty b oy.....................the ball into the river. 3. Susan used a knife to.................... the rope. 4. You m ay.....................as much water as you like. 5. Don’t walk along that slippery path; you m ight..................... down. 6. H e.....................the puppy and it wagged its tail. 7. If you don’t mind, I will.................... you do the exercise. 8. The carpenter is.....................a nail with a hammer. 9. In his hurry, h e.....................his cup of coffee. 10. Man is mortal. No one can.................... death. 11. Have another.....................Thank you! 12. She fell down and had a bad.................... on her knee. 13. Give the gate a good.................... to open it. 14. It is anybody’s......... when the General Election will take place. 15. The publishing com pany has not printed many calendars because o f a.....................in demand. 16. He felt th e.....................o f her hand on his shoulder. 17. When in trouble, my friend, David often comes to m y ................. 18. Have you heard the.................... on the door? 19. As a result o f weak purchasing power, there is a further .....................in sales. 20. The robber jum ped into a waiting car and made his..................... 173
  14. Exercise 2 try shiver move help drive turn voice dress need kick whisper 1. Before going to a job interview, you have to.....................up. 2. What kind o f..................... do you want to wear when going to Betty’s wedding dinner? 3. Do you.....................any assistance in this matter? 4. His w ife.....................him when he said som ething wrong. 5. Don’t get off the bus while it is still..................... 6. The man approached his friend and.....................som ething into his ear. 7. If you need any.................. , please don’t hesitate to let me know. 8. Yes, h e...............a truck to deliver some goods to his customers. 9. This is a long journey; it is now your.................. to drive the car. 10. The desperate man was heard screaming at the top of his.......... ....... 11. A homeless child is standing outside the house, and is .....................with cold and huger. 12. There is n o.....................for you to come if you don’t want to. 13. If the gate won’t open, just give it a ..................... 14. Though quite well developed, Su’s company is still on the 15. John turned to Jill and said something in a ..................... 16. Jason offered to.....................us move the heavy furniture to the storeroom. 17. At the com ing weekend, let’s go for a ............... along the coast. 18. In an open society like ours, any person should be encouraged t o ..................... his opinions. 19. The teacher.....................round to see if the pupils were following him to the playground. 20. A ..................... ran through us when thinking o f the terrible earthquake in some countries. 174
  15. Exercise 3 wound try comfort order pay attack harm worry copy screech smile 1. Please.....................all the important points and put them down in your notebook. 2. The gangster has received a bullet.................... in the right arm. 3. All the people are expected to observe the law and.................... of a country. 4. The police are making an island-wide.................... on drug dealers. 5. When Christine was sad for not getting a new contract, her good friends.....................her. 6. W hat.....................us most is the threat of war that may occur in some countries. 7. I enjoy this interesting work though the...............isn’t very good. 8. There was a road accident last night; luckily, no one w as............. 9. On seeing a man looking fiercely at her, she................. in fright. 10. When we visited Helen, she welcomed us with a lovely .....................on her face. 11. I have just got a ...............of Jason’s new book. It is really good. 12. The bullet struck on the man’s right arm and.....................him. 13. Mr D ickinson.................... the disobedient students to stand in from o f the classroom. 14. Beware of your enemy, who w ill.................... you by surprise. 15. The priest said a few words of.................... to the dying man. 16. Enough is enough, I don’t think I have m oney..................... 17. W henever you suddenly stop your car, there will be a .....................o f brakes. 18. W hat.....................is there in staying up late once in a while? 19. For part-time teaching, every instructor is..............by the hour. 20. When Anna saw me at a distance, she.....................and waved to me. 175
  16. Exercise 4 mistake handle stop hand head grip try sound joke sleep group 1. Don’t .....................my silence for my having no interest in this matter. 2. Hold the kettle by the..................... 3. A sm all.....................of free-thinkers pressed the government for more freedom of speech. 4. I don’t see the.....................; it isn’t funny at all. 5. Can you hear the.....................of footsteps outside the office? 6. New car types.....................the road well. 7. Don’t go near the mad man; he has got a knife in his.................... 8. Students from China are used to having a short..................... after lunch. 9. W hen Betty asked for a day’s leave, the m anager nodded his.....................in approval. 10. Don’t risk your life by jum ping off the bus before it.................... 11. In this essay, there are a few gram m atical..................... 12. Though it was a difficult situation, D avid..................... it very well. 13. As a rule, the students here are.....................according to their school exam ination results. 14. Because of power failure, work in some factories has come to an abrupt.. 15. The M inister for Trade ad Industry.....................a team of 20 representatives and arrived in China last night. 16. Last night, Janet had a nightm are and could n ot................ well. 17. W hen you finish reading the magazine, please..................... it back to me. 18. The thief did not go of his.....................on the w om an’s handbag. 19. It............... as if the firm does not know how tot make money. 176
  17. 20. Some o f us like to.................... about the stupid things we used to do. Exercise 5 fan watch sight finger break m an hammer wonder cover try shoulder 1. A security guard keeps.................... while others go for lunch. 2. People in the stadium w ere.................... themselves with pieces of thick paper. 1 3. For someone o f his age, his.................... can be considered good. 4. Jaclyn ran her.....................through the sand on the beach. 5. Anything made o f plastic tends to.................... easily if not handled with care. 6. In a city, air-conditioners seem to have taken over c e ilin g .......... 7. The sailors shouted joyfully when they.....................land. 8. She did not lay a .....................on her son even though he was naughty. 9. The sun shone through a .................... in the clouds. 10. Last night, I enjoyed.................... a movie which I had seen 20 years ago. 11. If you are looking for a good administrator, this is the............... 12. Public housing residents are being asked to.....................the costs o f the repairs. 13. You had better put a .................... on the cushion to prevent it from getting dirty easily. 14. Can the new video room b e.................... by someone so that it can be used without further delay? 15. W hat are those naughty students going to do now, I................. ? 16. With his coast over his.................... , the man hailed a taxi and went to the airport. 17. The small girl felt shy and................her face with both hands. 18. M any tourists were filled w ith......... ...........at the sight of the Great Wall in China. 177
  18. 19. He.....................some big nails into the wall and made it look dirty and ugly. 20. We usually knock the head of a nail with a ..................... Exercise 6 toil iron move waste partition neglect ruin echo gaze stuff_____________________________________________________________ 1. A lot of people have gone through a life of.....................Ours is very good, so do not complain. 2. Has the m aid.....................my shirt, which I need for tonight’s party. 3. John has left the present job and is still thinking about his next..................... 4. It took the workers the whole week to.....................off part of the lobby to become a study. 5. You have been.....................for the whole day. Take a break. 6. We should never have done that as it was a total.....................of time and money. 7. Didn’t you tell me that you had.................... to your new office? 8. They want to have a .....................to turn the big office into two smaller ones. 9. To make your clothes smooth, you need a good.. 10. Don’t.....................your money on those silly things! 11. W henever I said something loudly, there would be an.....................in the big hall. 12. A quiet passenger sat a corner of the tr a in ,..................... out of the window from time to time. 13. As Tom is highly interested in com puter games, he has been ....................."his work. 14. The continuous heavy rain has.....................many farm crops. 15. W ould you like som ething light or would you prefer some solid.....................? 178
  19. 6. For lack o f maintenance, some buildings have fallen into 7. The voice.....................in the big empty room. 8. More and more people are complaining about the authorities’ .................... of their duties. 9. She turned her head away, feeling very unnatural to meet a stranger’s.....................from the other side. 0. The children have been.................... themselves with sweets and cookies all morning. ixercise 7 touch loan raise worry voice try request wear plan market colour . I am all right. D on’t..................... He had to speak at the top of his.................... , so that all the people in the hall could hear him. i. There will be a .....................in our salary in the new year. All the overhead projectors have been.....................to lecturers. ». I still keep in .....................with my friends abroad. !. Her parents’ m a in .....................is that she may not be used to the foreign environment. L Though a quiet person, Tom .................... his opinion at the meeting. Don’t.....................the cake until you have washed both hands. ). Farmers.....................various domestic animals in their farms. L0. Do you need a .....................for buying your new car? LI. In this country, it is compulsory for a driver to.....................a seat belt when driving. 12. Every book has illustrations in beautiful..................... 13. Everything has gone according to..................... 14 The families o f the victims have made an urgent.....................for international aid. 179
  20. 15. If those books are properly..................... they should sell very well. 16. You should have enough holiday.................... when going abroad for a vacation. 17. More and more young girls.................... their hair red or golden. 18. I like to go to a .....................where I can buy all the things under the same roof. 19. Older teaching staff have.................... that the authorities treat them humanely. 20. Some people have never.................... ahead; they always wait and see what will happen next. Exercise 8 stay favour overhaul design guard taste poison mark hurry lock 1. Betty did all she could to win the boss’s..................... 2. Have you seen the.....................for the new university? 3. There are dogs in big buildings to.....................against intruders. 4. It is quite expensive to.................... a car. 5. After a minor operation, Mr. Baker had a short.....................at home. 6. Most people did not.....................unduly strict traffic rules. 7. An architect is a professional that.....................buildings. 8. There are security.....................at all the banks and big buildings. 9. New fashions such as coloured hair are here to ..................... 10. James gave his 20 - year - old car a thorough..................... 11. Do you like the.....................of durians? 12. All confidential documents are kept under..................... and key. 13. Have you heard the proverb: one man’s meat is another man’s ? l«n
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