Hiểu biết về các nguồn dữ liệu và nguồn dữ liệu định dạng A dữ liệu là một nơi mà từ đó Flash có thể tải dữ liệu bên ngoài (có nghĩa là, dữ liệu không trực tiếp lập trình vào bộ phim). Ví dụ, Flash có thể tải dữ liệu từ một tập tin văn bản đơn giản, và rằng tập tin văn bản được coi là một nguồn dữ liệu
Nội dung Text: Understanding Data Sources and Data Formats
< Day Day Up >
Understanding Data Sources and Data Formats
A data source is a place from which Flash can load external data (that is, data not directly
programmed into the movie). For example, Flash can load data from a simple text file,
and that text file is considered a data source. Data transfer is the act of retrieving data
from a source or sending data from Flash to another application. In this section, you'll
learn about the different types of data sources as well as the Flash objects and methods
used to communicate with these sources in the data transfer process.
Any data that you plan to load into Flash from an external source must be structured
(formatted) in a specific way. Flash supports the following formats:
• URL string. In this type of name/value pair formatting, variables and their values
are defined as a string of text. For example, the following text string:
• name=Jobe&website= http://www.electrotank.com&hairColor=brown
defines three variables (name, website, hairColor) and their respective values
(Jobe, http://www.electrotank.com, brown). After this text string has been loaded,
Flash automatically breaks it into its respective variable names/values, making
them available for use just as any other variables. An equals sign (=) is used to
associate a variable name with its value and an ampersand (&) marks the end of
one variable and the beginning of another. You will use this format in an exercise
later in this lesson. The format supports an unlimited number of variables. Only
simple variables can be stored in URL string format; data contained in objects,
arrays, or any other data type is not supported by a string of text.
• XML. This popular formatting standard allows data to be stored in a logical
structure. For example:
• North Carolina
After an XML document is loaded into Flash, a script that you write is used to extract
information from the XML document.
See Lesson 12, "Using XML with Flash," for more information on the XML format.
• Shared objects. These will be discussed later in this lesson; for now, understand
that shared objects are similar to Flash cookies: shared objects allow you to store
objects (data) locally on the user's hard drive. This means that after a user views
and exits a Flash movie (as a projector or online), the data created while the movie
was playing (user's name, last section visited, and so on) is saved. This data can be
retrieved the next time the user plays the movie on the same computer. By using
shared objects, you can store not only variables and their values, but any kind of
data object, including arrays, XML objects—even custom objects. You can make
this process of saving data transparent to users, or you can provide buttons for
them to initiate the action. You can also have multiple shared-object data files on a
single computer because each movie usually creates its own data file.
Now that you're familiar with the various data formats that Flash supports, let's review
the sources from which Flash can load data:
• Text files. Flash can load text files (*.txt) containing data formatted using the URL
string format mentioned earlier in this lesson. Text files can be loaded using
loadVariables() or the load() method of the LoadVars class, both of which we'll
discuss later in this lesson. You can easily create these types of data sources using
Windows Notepad or Apple Simple Text.
• Server-side scripts. Server-side scripts are placed on ASP, CFML, CGI, or JSP
pages and executed by a server. Although invisible to the user, the scripted page
actually generates formatted data (HTML, XML, and so on) that's sent back to the
requesting source. For example, imagine visiting a page called news.asp that
contains a server-side script, and probably no real content. The script, which is
executed when a user visits the page, is used to dynamically generate and send to
the user's browser an HTML-formatted page containing the latest news (probably
extracted from a database). Server-side scripts can return data in both the XML
and URL string formats. This means that by communicating with a page
containing a server-side script, Flash can load dynamic data created on the fly.
• XML files. An XML file is simply a text file that contains XML-formatted data;
such files usually include an xml extension.
• XML socket. Socket servers are applications that run on a server and connect
several simultaneous users to one another. Flash can send or receive information
via the socket using the XML format. (You'll learn more about socket servers—
including how to build a chat application with them—in Lesson 12, "Using XML
• Shared objects. As already mentioned, shared objects are used to create data files
that store information on a user's hard drive. You can then retrieve these files for
use with a movie, as you will see in the last exercise in this lesson.