[ Team LiB ] Recipe 1.6 Using an IP Address to Connect to SQL Server Problem You want to connect to a SQL Server using its IP address instead of its server name. Solution Use the Network Address and Network Library attributes of the connection string
Nội dung Text: Using an IP Address to Connect to SQL Server
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Recipe 1.6 Using an IP Address to Connect to SQL Server
You want to connect to a SQL Server using its IP address instead of its server name.
Use the Network Address and Network Library attributes of the connection string.
The sample code contains a single event handler:
Creates and opens a connection to a SQL Server using its IP address. Information
about the SQL Server is displayed from the properties of the SqlConnection
The C# code is shown in Example 1-5.
Example 1-5. File: ConnectSqlServerIpAddressForm.cs
// Namespaces, variables, and constants
// . . .
private void connectButton_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
String connString =
"Network Library=dbmssocn;Network Address=127.0.0.1
"Integrated security=SSPI;Initial Catalog=Northwind";
SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connString);
// Return some information about the server.
"ConnectionState = " + conn.State + Environment.NewLine +
"DataSource = " + conn.DataSource + Environment.NewLine +
"ServerVersion = " + conn.ServerVersion + Environment.NewLine;
resultTextBox.Text += "ConnectionState = " + conn.State;
SQL Server network libraries are dynamic-link libraries (DLLs) that perform network
operations required for client computers and SQL Server computers to communicate. A
server can monitor multiple libraries simultaneously; the only requirement is that each
network library to be monitored is installed and configured.
Available network libraries for SQL Server 2000 include:
Allows Apple Macintosh to communicate with SQL Server using native
Supports Banyan VINES Sequenced Packet Protocol (SPP) across Banyan VINES
IP network protocol.
Automatically chooses the first available network protocol to establish a
connection generally with performance comparable to using a native network
library. TCP/IP Sockets, NWLink IPX/SPX, and Named Pipes are supported.
Interprocess communication (IPC) mechanism provided by SQL Server for
communication between clients and servers.
The native protocol of Novell Netware networks.
Uses standard Windows sockets to communicate across the TCP/IP protocol.
Clustered installations of SQL Server support only Named Pipes and TCP/IP protocols.
AppleTalk, Banyan Vines, and Multiprotocol protocols are unavailable if named
instances are installed on the server.
For more information about network libraries and configuring network libraries, see
Microsoft SQL Server Books Online.
The use of the SQL Server TCP/IP Sockets improves performance and scalability with
high volumes of data. It avoids some security issues associated with named pipes. As
with any protocol, the client and the server must be configured to use TCP/IP.
To connect to SQL Server using an IP address, the TCP/IP network library must be used
to connect to the SQL Server. This is done by specifying the library in the connection
string as either the attribute Net or Network Library with a value of dbmssocn. Specify
the IP address using the Data Source, Server, Address, Addr, or Network Address
parameter. The following connection string demonstrates using an IP address to specify
the data source:
Network Library=dbmssocn;Network Address=127.0.0.1;
Integrated security=SSPI;Initial Catalog=Northwind
In the example, the IP address is the local machine. This could also be specified as
(local). To specify a SQL Server other than a local instance, specify the IP address of the
computer on which SQL Server is installed.
Default instances of SQL Server listen on port 1433. Named instances of SQL Server
dynamically assign a port number when they are first started. The example above does
not specify the port number and therefore uses the default port 1433 of the SQL Server. If
the SQL Server is configured to listen on another port, specify the port number following
the IP address specified by the Network Address attribute separated by a comma as
shown in the following snippet, which connects to a local SQL Server listening on port
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