intTypePromotion=1
ADSENSE

Tài liệu hữu ích để học tiếng Nhật

Chia sẻ: Ledung Ledung | Ngày: | Loại File: DOC | Số trang:31

1.012
lượt xem
259
download
 
  Download Vui lòng tải xuống để xem tài liệu đầy đủ

1) kai, 2) e - meeting, 3) a(u) - to meet:Think of the kanji as a person sitting at a desk under a roof. Most meetings take place in a house with desks (KANJI CẤP BA)

Chủ đề:
Lưu

Nội dung Text: Tài liệu hữu ích để học tiếng Nhật

  1. 131
  2. 231 3 1 . . 1) kai, 2) e - meeting, 3) a(u) - to meet u o h ei kai wa - English conversation [only kai wa means any conversation] Think of the kanji as a person sitting at a desk m kai gi - meeting, conference under a roof. Most meetings take place in a - kyou kai - church house with desks, ne. - 1) sei, 2) shou, 3) ao(i) - blue (sometimes x ) ao zora - blue sky green) b - ao mori ken - Aomori Prefecture Blue moon! You saw me standing alone. I saw - ao iro - blue color you standing at the bottom part of this kanji. It becomes aoi (add the i) when placed with a noun --> aoi ahiru - a blue duck. (strange example but you get the drift, right?) - 1) seki, 2) shaku, 3) aka(i) - red e s ( aka chan - a child, infant - seki dou - the equator This kanji has done something embarrassing and is running away with it's face turned red - aka ji - red ink, in the red, a deficit (see the arms and legs running?) - 1) mei, 2) myou, 3) aka(rui) - light, bright, to r ( akarui - bright, cheerful dawn - hatsu mei - invention In the sky the 2 brightest objects are the sun - setsu mei - explanation (left) and the moon (right) - 1) shuu, 2) aki - fall (the season), autumn h t i w shuu bun no hi - autumn equinox holiday [see more on holidays] In the fall, many people burn leaves and things ] e aki kaze - autumn breeze with fire (right part)
  3. 331 3 1) kuu, 2) kara, 3) sora - sky, air, empty r b kara te - karate [lit. empty hand] - kuu ki - air, atmosphere Think of a karate expert jumping in the air to break a board in two - kuu kou - airport - sora - sky - 1) kai, 2) hira(ku), 3) a(keru) - to open Maybe you will recognize mon (gate) [ ] I e s o l c doa o akeru - open a door think of a man (in the middle) opening a large - zen kai - full throttle, fully open gate door by pushing with both arms Be careful to not confuse open with close [[ ] I think of close as a man kicking the door closed - 1) aku, 2) waru(i) - bad, evil e h warui mono - a bad fellow, someone (something) bad It looks like an anvil or some heavy object on s ( sai aku - the worst top of a heart [t ] When you do something - aku ma - devil, demon bad, your conscience (should) weigh heavy on your heart - 1) chou, 2) asa - morning m - asahi shinbun - Asahi newspaper - ke sa - this morning [irregular pronunciation] - mai asa - every morning e - asa go han - breakfast [lit. morning rice] - 1) ji, 2) aza - letter (from the alphabet...), n u mo ji – letter character, mark l – aka juu ji - Red Cross [ juu ji is cross] Think of a young child learning his alphabet i kan ji - kanji, [lit. Chinese character] under a roof
  4. 431 3 1) soku, 2) ashi - foot, feet, leg, 3) ta(riru) - to t o ryou ashi - both legs (both feet) be enough sufficient - migi ashi - right foot, leg A person doing a split with his legs - man zoku - satisfaction When you say, 'ashi' it means both leg and foot. Japanese doesn't distinguish where one starts and the other stops - 1) mi, 2) aji - taste, experience ( ] aji mi - try the taste, have a taste Of course the kanji that deals with tastes has a e i mi - meaning kuchi (mouth) in it [ ] - shu mi - hobby - 1) shin, 2) atara(shii) - new, fresh Try to begin to look at kanji and get a feel for L k o atarashii kuruma - a new car their meaning. I know it sounds strange, but as - shin bun - newspaper you progress you should be able to - shin nen - new year automatically catch its meaning at a glance. Look at this kanji and think of something new - 1) shuu, 2) atsu(meru) - to collect, gather f o hen shuu - editing (newspaper, book...) e - atsumeru - to collect, to gather something This is a collection of lines - shuu kai - assembly, group - 1) kei, 2) kyou, 3) ani - older brother e l 2 o nii san - big brother (honorific - it changes from 'ani' to 'onii' Think of a loud older brother with only a big mouth and 2 legs h c kyou dai - brothers
  5. 531 3 1) shi, 2) ane -older sister n i h t o nee san - big sister (honorific - changes from 'ane' to 'onee' This kanji is made of 2 parts: onna (woman) a h c nee san - girl, older girl [[ ] and city or market [[ ] - Maybe you can think of a connection, I can't. - shi mai - sisters - 1) ho, 2) bu, 3) ayu(mu) 4) aru(ku) - to walk, to step o t ippo ippo - one step at a time, step by step The top part is to stop [ ] and the bottom t s san po - a walk, stroll means a little [ ] So when you walk a long a - dai ippo - the first step distance you have to stop a little too - m a arigatou - arigatou, thank you [set 1) yuu, 2) u, 3) a(ru) - to have, to exist, is expression] p x e kou yuu chi - public land There is a moon - yuu mei - famous - 1) an - safe, peaceful , 2) yasu(i) - cheap, inexpensive, e m an shin - peace of mind e p - yasui mono - something cheap Remember this kanji has two different - an zen - safe, safety meanings: 1) safe and 2) cheap - - i sha - doctor 1) i - to heal, to cure - i in - clinic
  6. 631 3 1) i - mind, heart, attention ] i mi - meaning When you stand [h ] you are at attention; - chuu i - warning, caution, be careful When it is day [W] you are awake and - you i - preparation, prepare attentive; and your heart [a ] is mindful - i ken - opinion, view - 1) i - more, with, through, on account of e m i ka - below, less than, under - i jou - more than, over, this is all This one doesn't seem to have a concrete o m - i shin den shin - telepathy, mind meaning, but is used with other kanjis reading r 1) gen, 2) gon - speech, statement 3) iu - to say 4) koto - word, expression ( koto ba - word, language Sound waves coming from a mouth. w - hitori goto - soliloquy, talking to yourself A lot of 'word' related kanji have this character - hou gen - dialect as part of the kanji - a s nikki (diary); n shi (poem); ( hanashi (a story) - 1) ka, 2) ke, 3) ya, 4) ie - house i h ka zoku - family - sakka - writer, novelist, author Think of the top part as a roof w - ai byou ka - lover of cats - e b kyuu kyuu sha - ambulance 1) kyuu, 2) isogu - to hurry - tokkyuu - limited express train When you hurry your heart beats faster t m i l - oriento kyuu kou - Orient Express E
  7. 731 1) ken, 2) inu - dog ] ko inu - puppy - ban ken - watch dog A dog is man's [d ] big, [] ] best friend w - ai ken ka - lover of dogs - 1) mai, 2) imouto - younger sister r b shi mai - sisters (elder & younger) Japanese makes a distinction between s - itoko - cousin (female) younger and older [y ane] sisters and o c - shi mai to shi - sister cities brothers - 1) shiki, 2) shoku, 3) iro - color x e ao iro - blue - ki iro - yellow Some color names have this kanji with it (see e y - juu nin to iro - 10 people 10 colors, examples) different strokes for different folks d 1) on, 2) in, 3) ne, 4) oto - sound ( on gaku - music Sound is standing [o ] on the sun [] ] - don't - hatsu on - pronunciation confuse it with [c ] i (heart, attention) - fuku in - the Gospel, good news - 1) in - member, official ] i in - committee member - kai in - member, membership An official is just a shell [n ] with a mouth [] ] - sha in - company employee - 1) in - institution, academy i byou in - hospital - i in - (doctor's) clinic This one is used for buildings and institutions
  8. 831 e s ( dai gaku in - graduate school (see examples) - 1) in, 2) nomu - to drink y B nomi mono - something to drink, a drink 'To drink' is similar to 'to eat' [o ] - looks like a - s nomi mizu - drinking water man on the right leaning on a bar having a r d - nomi hou dai - all you can drink drink [By Dean] - 1) gyo, 2) uo, 3) sakana - fish i h nin gyo - mermaid - kin gyo - goldfish Think of the bottom lines as being water - tobi uo - flying fish - 1) dou, 2) ugoku - to move ] un dou - exercise, movement - dou butsu - animals Heavy [e ] + power [] ] = to move - kan dou - deeply impressed, moved, touched - 1) gyuu, 2) ushi - cow, bull g gyuu nyuu - milk - gyuu niku - beef, cow meat Don't confuse this with [o ] go (noon) - ushi - cow - 1) ka, 2) uta - a song 3) utau - to sing o m kokka - national anthem - ka shi - lyrics, words to music This has a distinctive shape. Think of several - l ka bu ki - Kabuki, Japanese play mouths singing songs - tan ka - Tanka, 31 syllable Japanese poem - 1) sha, 2) utsusu - to copy, take (a photo) h p sha shin - photograph p - sha shin ka - photographer It looks like a 5 but it is only a copy of a photograph - sha sei - sketching, drawing from life
  9. 931 3 1) ei, 2) utsuru - to be reflected, 3) utsusu - to project on a screen, reflect ] ei ga - movie m - eiga kan - the movies, cinema Reflected light comes from the center [[ ] of - hou ei - televising the sun [[ ] - 1) kai, 2) umi - sea, ocean e c o nihon kai - Japan Sea J - hokkaidou - Hokkaido, the most northern The 3 little marks to the left mean water and big island of Japan [[ ] is 'every.' So every water comes from the b i kai gan - beach, coast ocean. - 1) bai, 2) uri - sale 3) uru - to sell 'a hatsu bai - new product for sale, sale n - uri mono - something for sell It is interesting in that 'to buy' also has the reading 'bai' - bai bai - selling & buying - 1) un - luck, 2) hakobu - to carry h t un ga - canal - un mei - fate, destiny In the army [n ], people have to carry many a f - an zen un ten - safe driving things - 1) juu, 2) chou, 3) omoi - heavy ] ki chou - precious, valuable p - kasane gi - wearing clothes over clothes This is a heavy village [ ] because it has - juu ten - important point, to stress 1000 [ ] people over it something s
  10. 1031 1) ei, 2) hanabusa, 3) - England, English, n E seki ei - quartz grand q - ei kai wa - English conversation There is a lot of grass in the center [ ] of - ei yaku - English translation England E - ei yuu teki - heroic - 1) eki - station (train) t s eki mae - in front of a station - eki in - station attendant A lot of horses [ ] R at the station - eki ben - station bento (lunch) 1) shuu, 2) owari, 3) tsui - end, finish w s sai shuu - the final, last, closing - shuu sen - end of war The last thread [ ] finishes the winter [ ] - shuu den - the last train sweater - shuu ryou - end, termination - 1) ta, 2) ooi - many, much, frequent y n a m oosugiru - too much - ta bun - probably, maybe Two katakana ta's [' ] are too many p - ta moku teki - multi purpose - 1) ki, 2) okiru, 3) okosu - get up, wake up k p u haya oki - getting up early t e g - omoi okosu - to recall a memory Running [ ] in the morning makes you wake up o t - ichi nen hokki - be resolved to ... - 1) oku, 2) ya - roof, house, shop ] hon ya - book store o b - shi bai go ya - playhouse, theater A roof starts from ground [ ] up - ya shiki - mansion - 1) sou, 2) okuru - send - u r ei sei hou sou - satellite broadcasting
  11. 1131 [ 1 3 nama hou sou - live broadcast - sou kin - sending money (through mail...) - k s i h kirisuto kyou - Christianity 1) kyou, 2) oshieru - teach, faith, education - shuu kyou - religion This kanji is part of your education! e r - yudaya kyou - Judaism - kyou iku - education - o l ] itoko - cousin 1) dai, 2) tei, 3) otouto - younger brother - kyou dai - brothers A lot of younger brothers like bows and arrows - de shi - disciple, pupil [[ ] d - mana deshi - favorite student, teacher's pet p 1) dou, 2) onaji - same, agree, equal ] dou i - agreement, same thought a - dou on go - homonym When everyone agrees they have one [ ] - dou ki - same class, same period, mouth [ ] contemporaries c 1) shu, 2) su, 3) nushi - Lord, master, principal ] e ji nushi - landlord matter - jou shu - lord of a castle The Lord is above a king [h ] l - sou zou shu - Creator - 1) shi, 2) omou - think u i shi - intention, purpose i - kata omoi - one sided love, unrequited
  12. 1231 love A lot of thinking can be done in one's heart [ ] lo v ryou omoi - mutual love in a rice patty [ ] u m - omoi dasu - to recall, remember - 1) shin, 2) oya, 3) shitashii - parent, relative, c l chichi oya - father parent familiar - haha oya - mother parent Becoming close to someone takes looking [ ] - ryou shin - parents closely at them - oya yubi - thumb - o l ike bana - flower arrangement 1) ka, 2) ke, 3) hana - flower - hi bana - a spark - hana bi - fireworks Grass changes [ ] into a beautiful flower - hana mi - flower viewing (cherry blossoms) b 1) ka, 2) natsu - summer y u ] natsu yasumi - summer vacation s - natsu matsuri - summer festival Compare with winter fuyu [[ ] u s - ka ki ji kan - daylight savings time - 1) ga, 2) kaku - picture o m ei ga - a movie, film - kei kaku - plan, schedule, program Many words pertaining to pictures, art, and movies use this kanji p - san sui ga - landscape picture - 1) kai - world , ] se kai - the world, society t - se kai ichi - the best in the world The world is like one big rice field [h ], isn't it? - shi kai - field of vision, sight
  13. 1331 3 1) bai, 2) kau - buy r e w kai mono - something to buy, shopping A lot of money words also have shell kai [ ] - bai bai - selling & buying, trade as part of the kanji. A long time ago shells - kai nushi - the buyer, purchaser were used as money. - o s i h t okaerinasai - Welcome home! 1) ki, 2) kaeru - return, arrive at, come home Said when someone comes home i a S kaeri michi - the way back home, the The first kanji of to clean souji [[ o ] looks like road home this one. So coming home requires cleaning o r ki koku - return to home country - 1) dai - generation, price, 2) kawari, 3) kawaru l t o e do ji dai - Edo period (1603-1868) - substitute, exchange 4) yo - age, generation - ko dai - ancient days A lot of meaning packed in this small kanji - juu dai - the teens, teenager, from 11-19 - 1) gaku, 2) raku, 3) tanoshii - music, comfort, ease o c an raku - ease, comfort - on gaku - music Sipping white [[ ] wine under a tree [[ ] is - gakki - a musical instrument comfortable - 1) fuu, 2) fu, 3) kaze- wind, air, style i a kami kaze - divine wind, Kamikaze - tai fuu - typhoon Many insects [[ ] fly in the air t - nihon fuu - Japanese style - 1) tai, 2) kasu - lend i [ kane kashi - money lending - kashi ya - a house for rent Many money related kanji have shell kai [ ] f e s u o h a - chotto kashite kudasai
  14. 1431 - Let me borrow ___ for a sec as part of the kanji - 1) hou - direction, 2) kata person, way of i d anata - you (usually written in hiragana) s u ( tsukai kata - how to use (something) It looks like a person running in direction - mi kata - view point, way of looking - 1) shi, 2) kami - paper ] te gami - letter (postal) l - ori gami - origami, paper folding Paper is made of threads [ ] of wood - wa shi - Japanese paper - r t fu tsuu - common, generally, ordinary 1) tsuu, 2) tooru, 3) toori- go through, avenue, - toori (or doori) - street, avenue traffic - tuu yaku - translate, interprete - 1) tai, 2) karada, 3) katachi - body, object [ ] ki tai - gas, vapour The left part means person [ ] and the right is - g gu tai teki - concretely, tangible book [ ] o c - karada ga yowai - body is weak - 1) shaku, 2) kariru - borrow, rent y [ ] kari mono - borrowed thing - shakkin - debt, loan A person borrows things during the day [ ] d - kari ie - house for rent - 1) kan, 2) han - China i kan ji - Kanji, Chinese characters - kan bun - Chinese literature China is across the ocean from Japan so it
  15. 1531 a h kan wa - Chinese character - Japanese has the 3 marks to the left which mean water dictionary d 1) kan, 2) yakata - building, palace r a p ei ga kan - movie theater m - to sho kan - library A large building has a place to eat [ ] (the left part is related to this kanji) l - sui zoku kan - aquarium - 1) gen, 2) gan, 3) moto - beginning, origin e b moto moto - originally - mi moto - ID, a person's identity It has two legs going back to the beginning - ji gen - dimension - 1) kou, 2) kangaeru - think, consider , 3) kangae - a thought n a k kou ko gaku - archaeology r a - kangae naosu - to rethink, reconsider A lot of thought must be put in to learning this - o t ii kangae - a good thought kanji - 1) chaku, 2) jyaku, 3) kiru - to wear (clothes), arrive e b ama gi - rain wear - uwa gi - a coat, jacket This kanji has sheep hitsuji [[ ] in it. Perhaps - tou chaku - to arrive because of wool - 1) kyuu, 2) ku, 3) kiwameru - research, study so ken kyuu - research r - ken kyuu kai - research society The top is hole ana [ ] and the botom is 9 [] ] so you are researching the 9 hole. - kyuu mei - investigation
  16. 1631 3 - u r sugi saru - to pass 1) kyo, 2) ko, 3) saru - past, gone, leave - ka ko - the past h t - sute saru - to abandon (ship) - 1) kyou, 2) miyako, 3) kei - capital ] tou kyou - Tokyo - pekin - Beijing, China Both Tokyo [o t ] and Kyoto [] ] have this - jou kyou - going to the capital (Tokyo) - 1) kyou, 2) gou, 3) tsuyoi- strong p kyou teki - strong enemy, fierce enemy - ben kyou - study The left part means bow yumi [ ] so it takes a strong person to put a bow - sai kyou - the strongest - - ei gyou - business, trade 1) gyou, 2) gou, 3) waza - business, vocation - karu waza - acrobatics - san gyou - industry - 1) setsu, 2) sai, 3) kiru - cut, cut off e b shin setsu - kindness k - tsume kiri - (finger) nail clippers Seven [e - shichi] swords [] - katana] cut better than one f ( - fumi kiri - railway crossing - 1) kin, 2) kon, 3) chikai - near, early i sai kin - recently - kin ki - the Kinki area (Osaka, Kyoto, Nara...) a N chika goro - recently, lately
  17. 1731 1 3 kin jo - neighborhood - 1) gin, 2) shirogane - silver i ] kin gin - gold & silver - gin kou - bank Silver is related to gold [i - kin] - jun gin - pure silver - 1) kou, 2) ku, 3) kuchi - mouth e h de guchi - exit - kara kuchi - spicy taste The opened mouth of a robot - jin kou - population - 1) kou, 2) ku, 3) gu - craft, construction p a jin kou - manmade, artificial - dai ku - carpenter Capital 'i' - kou jou - factory - 1) koku, 2) kuro, 3) kuroi - black ] an koku - darkness - shiro kuro - black and white There is a village [h - sato] there b - makkuro - pitch black - 1) kei, 2) hakaru - plan, measure a ] kei kaku - plan, scheme - to kei - watch, clock Planning and measuring takes talk [[ ] w - on do ke - thermometer - 1) ken, 2) togu - study of, sharpen u g ken kyuu - research
  18. 1831 h s ] ken kyuu sei - research student Sharpen your study of rocks [ - ishi] - ken shuu - training - e t ken koku - founding of a nation 1) ken, 2) kon, 3) tateru - build o f - ni kai date - a 2 story building - sai ken - rebuilding, reconstruction - u s shi ken - exam, test 1) ken, 2) tamesu, 3) - testing, examine, effect - jikken - experiment - tai ken - (personal) experience - 1) ko, 2) furui - old a r g tsukai furusu - to wear out something t - kou ko gaku - archaeology It looks like an old gravestone a - furu hon ya - used bookstore - 1) kou, 2) hiroi, 3) hiromeru - wide, broad a hiro ba - an opened space, plaza - kou koku - advertisement There is a lot of space around this kanji - kou hou - public relations, publicity - n a k ai koku shin - patriotism 1) shin, 2) kokoro - heart, mind - an shin - relief, peace of mind This is a very basic kanji found in many other - e r i shin den shin - telepathy kanjis relating to the heart or emotions - shita gokoro - hidden intentions, secret motive m 1) shi, 2) kokoromiru, 3) tamesu - test, try, x e nyuu shi - entrance examination experiment e - ude dameshi - testing one's abilities (arm)
  19. 1931 Saying words [a ] during a ceremony [] ] e k a m sotsu gyou shi ken - graduation test makes an experiment - 1) tou, 2) kotaeru, 3) kotae - solution, answer a n mon dou - questions and answers - ou tou - reply, answer The two parts at the top represent bamboo [ ] so using bamboo as a mic shout your answer - kai tou - answer, solution - u b shi goto - work 1) ji, 2) zu, 3) koto - matter, thing, fact, - dai ji - important business - ka ji - housework - ki ji - article (newspaper) - 1) ten - revolve, turn around ] un ten - driving - i ten - transfer, moving The wheels of a car [ ] turn around - kai ten - revolution, rotate - 1) saku, 2) sa, 3) tsukuru - make, produce, prepare e p sakka - author, writer a - te zukuri - handmade The mark to the left means a person [h ] so a - tou saku - plagiarism person is making something - 1) cha, 2) sa - tea e r o cha - Japanese tea, green tea J - u-ron cha - Oolong tea, Chinese tea Tea is made from grass (leaves) which is represented by the top part of this kanji - mugi cha - barley tea - 1) sou, 2) hayai - fast, early i haya kuchi - talk fast
  20. 2031 r ] asa hayai - early morning The sun [h ] rises early - sassoku - at once, immediately (irreg. sound) ( 1) shi, 2) tomaru, 3) tomeru, 4) tome - stop a s kin shi - prohibited, not allowed r p - tachi iri kin shi - keep off! dont come Think of a policeman standing on the road in saying, "stop" n i chuu shi - suspension, interruption - 1) ji, 2) shi, 3) mizukara - oneself h ] doku ji - original, peculiar Don't confuse this with eye [o - me], and - ji ei - self-defense white [w - shiro] e s - ji ga ji san - praising one's own work - 1) shi, 2) ji, 3) tsukaeru - official, serve, attend ] hou shi - service, attendance s - shi age - finished, end A person [ ] serves - shi goto - work - - u n uchi ji ni - die in battle, die in action 1) shi, 2) shinu - death, die - chi shi - lethal, fatal - hisshi - desperate, inevitable death, frantic - 1) shi, 2) hajimeru - begin e b kai shi - commencement, begin c - sue shi jyuu - forever The woman [ - onna] on stage [ - dai] began r o f - hajimemashite - nice to meet you -

CÓ THỂ BẠN MUỐN DOWNLOAD


intNumView=1012

 

Đồng bộ tài khoản
2=>2