Xem 1-20 trên 1095 kết quả Conceptualization
  • You have already learned that there are three phases of design ó conceptual, logical, and physical ó in the MicrosoftÆ Solutions Framework (MSF) Process Model. The first phase of the MSF Process Model is conceptual design. Conceptual design starts during the Envisioning Phase of the MSF Process Model, and continues through most of the Planning Phase. Since the MSF Design Process is an evolutionary, as well as iterative, process, conceptual design clearly sets the tone for both logical and physical design.

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  • In this activity, you will participate in a class discussion to identify the possib risks are of not completing a conceptual design in the process of designing a business solution. Microsoft Official Curriculum (MOC), available to IT Academies at a discounted price, is professional courseware intended for IT professionals and developers who build, support, and implement solutions by using Microsoft products and technologies. MOC is designed to cover the topics that employers know are mission-critical in the real world. ...

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  • The aim of the thesis is to apply the theory in cognitive linguistics to Vietnamese to establish the conceptual structure and conceptual domain “food”, discover the target domains, the source domains, mapping system and the mapping mechanism among the conceptual domains; codifying metaphorical notion of "food" in Vietnamese in order to study cognitive characteristics and Vietnamese cultural identity through conceptual metaphor of "food”.

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  • In this activity, you will participate in a class discussion to identify the various inputs into the conceptual design process. Microsoft Official Curriculum (MOC), available to IT Academies at a discounted price, is professional courseware intended for IT professionals and developers who build, support, and implement solutions by using Microsoft products and technologies. MOC is designed to cover the topics that employers know are mission-critical in the real world.

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  • The construct of adaptive behavior: Its conceptualization, measurement, and use in the field of intellectual disability updates the current conceptualization, measurement, and use of the adaptive behavior construct.

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  • A conceptual graph is a graph representation for logic based on the semantic networks of artificial intelligence and the existential graphs of Charles Sanders Peirce. Several versions of CGs have been designed and implemented over the past thirty years. The simplest are the typeless core CGs, which correspond to Peirce’s original existential graphs. More common are the extended CGs, which are a typed superset of the core. The research CGs have explored novel techniques for reasoning, knowledge representation, and natural language semantics.

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  • One of the challenges in the automatic generation of referring expressions is to identify a set of domain entities coherently, that is, from the same conceptual perspective. We describe and evaluate an algorithm that generates a conceptually coherent description of a target set. The design of the algorithm is motivated by the results of psycholinguistic experiments.

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  • The system achieves conceptual generation using a discourse schema system [McKnent selects items from a knowledge base and orders them ewon 1985, Paris 1985]; stylistic generation will be ruleinto a message to address some discourse goal. This mes- based. The revision component will review the generated sage is passed to the stylistic component that makes lex- text and produce recommendations to the conceptual and ical and syntactic choices to produce a natural language stylistic components as to how to improve the text. ...

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  • Widely accepted resources for semantic parsing, such as PropBank and FrameNet, are not perfect as a semantic role labeling framework. Their semantic roles are not strictly defined; therefore, their meanings and semantic characteristics are unclear. In addition, it is presupposed that a single semantic role is assigned to each syntactic argument. This is not necessarily true when we consider internal structures of verb semantics. We propose a new framework for semantic role annotation which solves these problems by extending the theory of lexical conceptual structure (LCS). ...

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  • Acquiring information systems specifications from natural language description is presented as a problem class that requires a different treatment of semantics when compared with other applied NL systems such as database and operating system interfaces. Within this problem class, the specific task of obtaining explicit conceptual data models from natural language text or dialogue is being investigated. The knowledge brought to bear on this task is classified into syntactic, semantic and systems analysis knowledge.

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  • This article discusses how structural, orientational, ontological conceptual metaphors work in forming new language expressions or idioms. From this insight, several suggestions for EFL classes are made.

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  • By integrating syntactic and semantic processing, our parser (LAZY) is able to deterministically parse sentences which syntactically appear to be garden path sentences although native speakers do not need conscious reanalysis to understand them. LAZY comprises an extension to conceptual analysis which yields an explicit representation of syntactic information and a flexible interaction between semantic and syntactic knowledge. 1. INTRODUCTION The phenomenon we wish to model is the understanding of garden path sentences (GPs) by native speakers of English. ...

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  • This paper idescribes the current state of the S~/~gYN project , whose goal is be develop a module for generation of German from a semantic representation. The first application of this module is within the framework of a Japanese/German machine translation project. The generation process is organized into three stages that use distinct knowledge sources. ~ne first stage is conceptually oriented and language independent, and exploits case and concept schemata.

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  • which the best lexical choices and the conceptual decisions are in conflict. To prove our theoritical points, we will take as an example the generation of situations involving a result causation, i.e., a new STATE which arises because of one (or several) prior ACTs (Schank 1975).

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  • A set of labeled classes of instances is extracted from text and linked into an existing conceptual hierarchy. Besides a significant increase in the coverage of the class labels assigned to individual instances, the resulting resource of labeled classes is more effective than similar data derived from the manually-created Wikipedia, in the task of attribute extraction over conceptual hierarchies.

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  • Thls article deals with the interpretation of conceptual operations underlying the communicative use of natural language (NL) within the Structured Inheritance Network (Sl-Nets) paradigm. The operations are reduced to functions of a f o ~ a l language, thus changing the level of abstraction of the operations to be performed on SI-Nets. In this sense, operations on SI-Nets are not merely isomorphic to single epistemologleal objects, but can be viewed as a simulation of processes on a different level, that pertaining to the conceptual system of NL.

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  • Chapter 1 introduction and conceptual modeling. To understand the fundamentals of database technology, however, we must start from the basics of traditional database applications. we start by defining a database, and then explaining other basic terms,...

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  • Teaching and learning English idioms has always been a challenge for both teachers and students. From the cognitive linguistics viewpoint, this paper discusses conceptual metaphor theory and proposes to apply it as an alternative approach to teaching English idioms. Through the conceptual metaphor analysis of example idioms, the author proves that idiom meanings are formed from conceptual metaphors rather than dogmatism and discusses some implications for language teaching.

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  • This study was conducted to investigate metaphors relating to nautical expressions. Among a number of approaches, cognitive semantics introduced by Saeed (2005) is adopted in this study. Besides, the insight into metaphor in terms of image schemata mainly has its foundation from the theory of conceptual metaphors established by Lakoff and Johnson (1980).

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  • This article focuses on cultural variations in conceptual metaphors of love between English and Vietnamese. In order to enhance English teaching and learning, we would like to analyze different possibilities of cultural variations from a cognitive perspective and propose several explanations for those issues.

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