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Distributed operating systems

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  • (bq) part 2 book "operating system concept" has contents: file system, implementing file systems, secondary storage structure, system protection, system security, distributed operating systems, distributed file systems, distributed synchrozination, real time systems, multimedia systems, the linux system,... and other contents.

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  • Chapter 15 - Distributed operating systems. This chapter discusses important features of these components and the manner in which these features influence the computation speedup, reliability, and performance that can be achieved in a distributed system.

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  • Chapter 18 - Recovery and fault tolerance. This chapter discusses recovery and fault tolerance techniques used in a distributed operating system. Resiliency, which is a technique for minimizing the impact of a fault, is also discussed.

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  • Motivation Types of Distributed Operating Systems Network Structure Network Topology Communication Structure Communication Protocols Robustness Design Issues An Example: Networking To provide a high-level overview of distributed systems and the networks that interconnect them To discuss the general structure of distributed operating systems

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  • Chapter 1 - Introduction. In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: Overview of operating systems, OS and the computer system, memory utilization during operation of an OS, the program status word (PSW), privileged mode of CPU, state of the CPU,...

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  • Chapter 3 - Processes and threads. This chapter begins by discussing how an application creates processes through system calls and how the presence of many processes achieves concurrency and parallelism within the application. It then describes how the operating system manages a process - how it uses the notion of process state to keep track of what a process is doing and how it reflects the effect of an event on states of affected processes. The chapter also introduces the notion of threads, describes their benefits, and illustrates their features.

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  • Chapter 18 - Recovery and fault tolerance. This chapter discusses recovery and fault tolerance techniques used in a distributed operating system. Resiliency, which is a technique for minimizing the impact of a fault, is also discussed.

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  • Chapter 20 - Distributed system security. This chapter discusses authentication and message security measures used in distributed operating systems to thwart such attacks. Methods of verifying authenticity of data are also discussed.

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  • Linux History Design Principles Kernel Modules Process Management Scheduling Memory Management File Systems Input and Output Interprocess Communication Network Structure Security To explore the history of the UNIX operating system from which Linux is derived and the principles which Linux is designed upon To examine the Linux process model and illustrate how Linux schedules processes and provides interprocess communication To look at memory management in Linux To explore how Linux implements file systems and manages I/O devices...

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  • Background Demand Paging Copy-on-Write Page Replacement Allocation of Frames Thrashing Memory-Mapped Files Allocating Kernel Memory Other Considerations Operating-System Examples Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2005 .Objectives To describe the benefits of a virtual memory system To explain the concepts of demand paging, page-replacement algorithms, and allocation of page frames To discuss the principle of the working-set model Virtual memory – separation of user logical memory from physical memory....

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  • I/O Hardware Application I/O Interface Kernel I/O Subsystem Transforming I/O Requests to Hardware Operations Streams Performance Explore the structure of an operating system’s I/O subsystem Discuss the principles of I/O hardware and its complexity Provide details of the performance aspects of I/O hardware and software .I/O Hardware Incredible variety of I/O devices Common concepts Port Bus (daisy chain or shared direct access) Controller (host adapter) I/O instructions control devices Devices have addresses, used by Direct I/O instructions Memory-mapped I/O...

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  • Basic Concepts Scheduling Criteria Scheduling Algorithms Multiple-Processor Scheduling Real-Time Scheduling Thread Scheduling Operating Systems Examples Java Thread Scheduling Algorithm Evaluation Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2005 .Basic Concepts Maximum CPU utilization obtained with multiprogramming CPU–I/O Burst Cycle – Process execution consists of a cycle of CPU execution and I/O wait CPU burst distribution Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2005 .Alternating Sequence of CPU And I/O Bursts...

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  • To provide a grand tour of the major operating systems components To provide coverage of basic computer system organization Operating System Concepts – 7th Edition, Jan 12, 2005 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2005 .What is an Operating System? A program that acts as an intermediary between a user of a computer and the computer hardware. Operating system goals: Execute user programs and make solving user problems easier. Make the computer system convenient to use. Use the computer hardware in an efficient manner....

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  • Operating-System Structures Operating System Services User Operating System Interface System Calls Types of System Calls System Programs Operating System Design and Implementation Operating System Structure Virtual Machines Operating System Generation System Boot Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2005 .

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  • Overview of Mass Storage Structure Disk Structure Disk Attachment Disk Scheduling Disk Management Swap-Space Management RAID Structure Disk Attachment Stable-Storage Implementation Tertiary Storage Devices Operating System Issues Performance Issues Describe the physical structure of secondary and tertiary storage devices and the resulting effects on the uses of the devices Explain the performance characteristics of mass-storage devices Discuss operating-system services provided for mass storage, including RAID and HSM Overview of Mass Storage Structure...

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  • Process Concept Process Scheduling Operations on Processes Cooperating Processes Interprocess Communication Communication in Client-Server Systems Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2005 .Process Concept An operating system executes a variety of programs: Batch system – jobs Time-shared systems – user programs or tasks Textbook uses the terms job and process almost interchangeably Process – a program in execution; process execution must progress in sequential fashion A process includes: program counter stack data section...

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  • System Characteristics Features of Real-Time Systems Implementing Real-Time Operating Systems Real-Time CPU Scheduling VxWorks 5.x To explain the timing requirements of real-time systems To distinguish between hard and soft real-time systems To discuss the defining characteristics of real-time systems To describe scheduling algorithms for hard real-time systems .Overview of Real-Time Systems A real-time system requires that results be produced within a specified deadline period. An embedded system is a computing device that is part of a larger system (I.e.

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  • What is Multimedia Compression Techniques Requirements of Multimedia Kernels CPU Scheduling Disk Scheduling Network Management An Example: Cineblitz To identify the characteristics of multimedia data To examine several algorithms used to compress multimedia data To explore the operating system requirements of multimedia data, including CPU and disk scheduling and network management .What is Multimedia? Multimedia data includes - audio and video clips (i.e.

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  • Overview Multithreading Models Threading Issues Pthreads Windows XP Threads Linux Threads Java Threads Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2005 .Single and Multithreaded Processes Operating System Concepts – 7th edition, Jan 23, 2005 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne ©2005 .Benefits Responsiveness Resource Sharing Economy Utilization of MP Architectures Operating System Concepts – 7th edition, Jan 23, 2005

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  • Background Naming and Transparency Remote File Access Stateful versus Stateless Service File Replication An Example: AFS To explain the naming mechanism that provides location transparency and independence To describe the various methods for accessing distributed files To contrast stateful and stateless distributed file servers To show how replication of files on different machines in a distributed file system is a useful redundancy for improving availability To introduce the Andrew file system (AFS) as an example of a distributed file system...

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