Roman greece

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  • The want of an interesting work on Greek and Roman mythology, suitable for the requirements of both boys and girls, has long been recognized by the principals of our advanced schools. The study of the classics themselves, even where the attainments of the pupil have rendered this feasible, has not been found altogether successful in giving to the student a clear and succinct idea of the religious beliefs of the ancients, and it has been suggested that a work which would so deal with the subject as to render it at once interesting and instructive would be hailed as...

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  • Greece is the southern portion of a great peninsula of Europe, washed on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea. It is bounded on the north by the Cambunian mountains, which separate it from Macedonia. It extends from the fortieth degree of latitude to the thirty-sixth, its greatest length being not more than 250 English miles, and its greatest breadth only 180. Its surface is considerably less than that of Portugal. This small area was divided among a number of independent states, many of them containing a territory of only a few square miles, and none of them larger than an...

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  • Though there is no period at which the ancients do not seem to have believed in a future life, continual confusion prevails when they come to picture the existence led by man in the other world, as we see from the sixth book of the _Æneid_. Combined with the elaborate mythology of Greece, we are confronted with the primitive belief of Italy, and doubtless of Greece too--a belief supported by all the religious rites in connection with the dead--that the spirits of the departed lived on in the tomb with the body.

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  • After talking with Dr. Lin Foxhall in London in January 1996,1 decided to publish this book. Though one of us teaches in Great Britain and the other in the United States, Dr. Foxhall and I both assign Plutarch's Advice to the Bride and Groom and Consolation to His Wife to be read by undergraduate and graduate students in classics and ancient history courses dealing with women, gender, and the family.

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  • Romans held Greek civilization in high regard and, like us, considered fifth-century-BC Greece to be the region’s golden age, a time characterized by refined artistic and cultural production, scholarship, and military strength. During his reign five hundred years later, Augustus sought to align his rule with this era and promote a rebirth of the golden age of Greece in Rome. Augustus’s interest in Greek art and culture strengthened Roman reverence for classical Greek art, philosophy, and intellectual life.

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  • This book deals with war between about 750 bc and ad 650. It concentrates on the classical cultures of Greece and Rome, although some of their enemies, peoples such as the Persians, Carthaginians, Germans, Huns, Arabs, and so on, get a look in. There are reasons beyond the author’s academic specialization for this focus. War was at the core of the classical cultures. Although, contrary to popular ideas, they were not always at war, and when they were they did not always seek open battle.

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  • The United States Capitol Building is filled with symbols and architectural details that reference ancient Greek and Roman art and architecture. Italian artist Constantino Brumidi (1805–1880) created a series of murals, based on his study of Pompeian frescoes, for the Naval Affairs Committee Room (now the Senate Appropriations Conference Room) in the Capitol. For information, visit senate/brumidi. Look at the Maenad fresco on the enclosed CD. This image inspired some of Brumidi’s work.

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  • In ancient Greece, people would journey to an oracle, or fortune teller, to discover what the future held. The oracle would kill an animal, perhaps a goat or a sheep, to examine the creature’s liver. A dark red liver that was smooth was a good sign. A pale liver that was bumpy foretold bad times ahead. The liver has long been linked to human courage and strength. The earliest doctors thought that the liver was one of the three main organs of the body. The others were the heart and the brain. Around a.d. 200, the famous Roman doctor Galen declared the liver to be the most important human...

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  • Works of art inspired by ancient Greek sculpture often took on new forms and meanings in the Roman home. In Greece, monumental statues of gods and goddesses were placed in sanctuaries and public spaces, but in villas and houses around the Bay of Naples, formerly public art became private and, often, decorative and functional pieces. For example, a sculpture of Apollo, the god of learning and music, was made to hold a tray and placed in a Pompeian home.

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  • The condition of the Roman Emperors has never yet been fully appreciated; nor has it been sufficiently perceived in what respects it was absolutely unique. There was but one Rome: no other city, as we are satisfied by the collation of many facts, either of ancient or modern times, has ever rivalled this astonishing metropolis in the grandeur of magnitude; and not many--if we except the cities of Greece, none at all--in the grandeur of architectural display.

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  • Historians agree that Plato is the man sitting in the middle of the scene, beneath one of the sacred olive trees. He sits with bare feet and points to something on the globe. The identities of Plato’s companions are less certain. They may be individuals named by the ancient Roman historian Vitruvius as the great ancient astronomers, including Pythagoras of Samos who is best known for developing the Pythagorean Theorem.

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  • The fifth century BC is known as the golden age of ancient Greece. Greek art from this time is characterized by a realistic rendering of human anatomy and the movement of the body through space. Many variations of this type of statue were made, but some scholars associate this sculpture with the work of the Greek artist Agorakritos. He was an Athenian artist of the fifth century BC and a student of the renowned ancient Greek artist Pheidias.

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  • Pompeii, in the region of Campania, retained its Greek culture and character after becoming a Roman colony in 80 BC. The Romans considered Greece a source of culture, beauty, and wisdom, and knowledge of Greek culture was a status symbol that signaled refinement and education. Greek influence pervaded the decor of Roman residences around the Bay of Naples and was reflected in the works of art both acquired and emulated by Roman patrons. Some Romans, when on vacation, even wore Greek dress—such as a chiton for men or a peplos for women—rather than the standard toga of the day....

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