Temperature Scales and Classification of Thermometers
1.1 Temperature - Historical Background
The concept of temperature makes one think of physiological experiences whilst touching or approaching some solid. Some of them may be described as cold, cool or tepid, others as hot or warm. Warmer bodies transfer heat to other cooler bodies . Both bodies tend to equalise their temperatures, approaching a new common intermediate temperature . Thus the correctness of the definition, given to temperature by the Scotsman James Clerk Maxwell, may be seen . He stated that the temperature ofa body is its thermal state, regarded as a measure of its...