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Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học Môn Tiếng Anh - The Environment 1

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Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học Môn Tiếng Anh - The Environment 1

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  1. Page 1 Exercise 4: Read the following passage. Put the correct word form the list below. Tµi liÖu luyÖn thi §¹i häc M«n TiÕng Anh You may use the words more than once. Vocab - The Environment 1 so so much so many too too much too many enough _______________________________________________________________ SAVE THE EARTH! We are all slowly destroying the earth. The seas and rivers are 1 )______ dirty to Exercise 1: Complete the sentence with a word form the list. swim in. There is 2)_________ smoke in the air that it is unhealthy to live in many of the beach field forest hill island mountain river sea world’s cities. In one well-known city, for example, poisonous gases from cars pollute the air 3)_________ that traffic policemen have to wear oxygen masks. a) We couldn’t cross the ____________ because there wasn’t a bridge. We have to cut down 4)_________ trees that there are now vast areas of wasteland all b) At the back of the farm was a large ____________ with five horses. over the world. As a result, farmers in parts of Africa cannot grow 5)_________ to eat. In c) Most fish live in the ____________. d) Maria climbed the ____________ and looked down from the top. certain countries in Asia there is 6)_________ little rice. Moreover, we do not take e) The hill was covered with a thick ____________ of tall trees. 7) _________ care of the countryside. Wild animals are quickly disappearing. For instance, f) Tina lived on a small ____________ in the middle of the Aegean Sea. tigers are rare in India now because we have killed 8)_________ for them to survive. g) Our school is on the top of a small ____________. However, it isn’t 9)_________ simply to talk about the problem. We must act now before h) After his swim, Jim rested on the ____________. it is 10)_________ late to do anything about it. Join us now. Save the Earth. This is Exercise 2: Choose the word which best matches the description. 11) _________ important to ignore. a) Large white water bird with a long neck. duck / swan Exercise 5: Complete the sentence with a word form the list. goat / sheep b) Four legged animal with horn good at climbing. bark berry blossom branch bud crab / frog c) Sea animal with a shell and five pairs of legs. leaf root stem thorn trunk butterfly / bee d) Insect with large beautifully coloured wings. a) Sue managed to reach the .................... of a tree and climb up to the window. lizard / snake e) Small reptile with four legs and a long tail. b) I felt ill after I ate a red ........................ from a bush in the woods. fly / mosquito f) Small flying insect which drinks blood from the skin. c) The wall was cracked by the ........................ of a tree growing underneath it. mouse / rabbit g) Small long-eared animal that lives in a hole. d) On the end of each ........................ there are two or three yellow flowers. camel / giraffe h) Animal with long legs and neck and orangey skin. e) In the autumn, every ........................ in the tree turns yellow and then falls off. bat / spider i) Eight-legged creature which catches insects. f) Liz hurt herself on a ........................ while she was picking some roses. kitten / puppy. j) Young animal which barks, often a pet. g) The ........................ of this tree can be removed and used as a kind of paper. Exercise 3: Choose the correct word in each sentence below. h) In the spring all the apple trees are covered in white ........................ a) Sarah spent the summer at / on / to an island. i) Before the flower opened it was a large green ........................ b) There is a castle at / in / above the top of the hill. j) An oak tree has a very board ........................, sometimes two metres thick. c) It was cold so I didn’t put my feet on / in / to the water. Exercise 6: Choose the correct word in each sentence below. d) At midday, we sat at / below / under a tree and had a picnic. a) Go along this road and up the hill / mountain at the end. e) Caroline spent a lovely day at / on / in the seaside. b) We travelled down the river / stream b y boat to the sea. c) Beside the road there were fields / gardens full of animals and plants. f) Would you like to have lunch in / on / next to the garden? d) Helen spent her holiday on a small Greek island / land. g) George and his friends camped in / on / under t he beach. e) The boys camped next to a small lake / ocean in Scotland. h) We decided to have a weekend at / in / with the country. f) The children enjoyed playing on the beach / seaside. NguyÔn §øc H­ng* - Marie Curie School www.my.opera.com/mrduchung
  2. Page 2 g) Kate stayed in a small village in the country / outside. The world’s oceans are so vast that they can cope with the present levels of pollution. h) From the ship, Mark could see the distant coast / side of France. However, little is known about the long term effects of such slow poisoning. The most serious problem of modern times is that man is destroying t he earth’s natural resources Exercise 7: Match each word or phrase with one of the explanations. a) a gale _____ 1) a small river. and transforming huge areas into wasteland. As a result, it is becoming extremely b) a reptile _____ 2) a place where a wild animal sleeps. difficult to grow enough to feed t he world’s rapidly increasing population. A way of c) a rainbow _____ 3) a period when there is a shortage of water. protecting all the wildlife on the earth must also be found as many species are in danger d) a lair _____ 4) a very strong wind. of disappearing completely from the face of the earth. The dangers, however, are not e) a drought _____ 5) an animal which feeds its young with its own milk. confined solely to the land and the sea. The smoke in the atmosphere, for example, is f) a stream _____ 6) a wild plant not wanted in the garden. increasing so much that the amount of sunlight has been reduced in many cities. Man’s g) an insect _____ 7) a crawling animal such as a snake or a lizard. whole environment is being changed in a serious way. h) a rodent _____ 8) a small creature with no bones and six legs. *) For each of the following dictionary definitions, write down the correct word i) a weed _____ 9) an arch of colours that appears in the sky. (printed in bold type) in the passage: j) a mammal _____ 10) a small animal with very strong teeth. 1) birds, animals, fish which are not tame ______________ 2) keeping something from harm ______________ Exercise 8: Complete each sentence with a pair of verbs from the list with opposite 3) the process of making something dirty or impure ______________ meanings. clean up cut down destroy let plant 4) barren area, desert ______________ 5) the air, water and land in which we live ______________ pollute prevent protect recycle waste a) People should be encouraged to ___________ the environment, rather than 6) completely changing in form or nature ______________ ___________ it. 7) wealth, goods or products people can use ______________ b) We should try to ___________ disasters happening, not just ___________ them 8) the air surrounding the earth ______________ happen. 9) the number of people living in a place ______________ c) Everyone should try to ___________ beaches, and not ___________ them. 10) difficulty which needs attention and thought ______________ d) It would be a good idea to _________ more trees, not to __________ trees. 11) results, consequences ______________ e) We can use things again if we __________ rather than ___________ them. Exercise 11: What are they? 1) A very large sea. o__ __ __ __ Exercise 9: Choose the correct word in each sentence. a) Before we set off, we listened to the climate / weather forecast. 2) Land with sea on all sides. i__ __ __ __ __ b) Paula saw a flash of lightning / thunder and then heard a deep boom. 3) A river of ice. g__ __ __ __ __ __ c) The traffic had to slow down because of the thick fog / vapour. 4) The top of a mountain. s__ __ __ __ __ d) There won’t be much rain. It’s only a short shower / stream. 5) Where land meets sea very steeply. c__ __ __ __ e) Spring is my favourite season / term of the year. 6) Land with sea on 3 sides. p__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ f) Last summer was very hot, and there was a real heatwave / temperature. g) Look at those clouds! There’s going to be a blast / storm. h) On a hot day in summer, I look forward to the chilly / cool evening. i) We were caught in the rain and damp / soaked to the skin. j) In the morning there was half a metre of ice / snow blocking the road. Exercise 10: Read the following paragraph carefully. NguyÔn §øc H­ng* - Marie Curie School www.my.opera.com/mrduchung

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