Transfer Tables Between SQL Server Databases

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Transfer Tables Between SQL Server Databases

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Chuyển Bàn Giữa Cơ sở dữ liệu SQL Server Người dùng đôi khi cần phải chuyển giao (bản sao) các bảng cơ sở dữ liệu SQL Server giữa. Điều này thế nào-Để cho thấy làm thế nào để cho phép người dùng lựa chọn nhiều bảng

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  1. 7.4 Transfer Tables Between SQL Server Databases Users sometimes need to transfer (copy) tables between SQL Server databases. This How-To shows how to allow the user to choose multiple tables and copy them from one database to another as well as tables from two different databases on two different SQL servers. One of the tasks your clients have you perform for them using the Enterprise Manager is to transfer objects, such as tables, between SQL Server databases. How do you create a dialog box that would allow the user to transfer databases between two SQL Server databases? Technique Unlike the earlier How-Tos in this chapter, you will be using the SQL-DTS object model in addition to SQL-DMO. You can see the objects, properties, and methods that will be used from SQL-DTS in Table 7.7. Table 7.7. SQL-DTS Objects That Are Used to Perform the Transfer of Tables from One SQL Server Database to Another Object Property/Method Package Steps.New Tasks.New Steps.Add Tasks.Add Execute Step TaskName Name Task CustomTask CustomTask Name SourceServer SourceUseTrustedConnection
  2. SourceDatabase DestinationServer DestinationUseTrustedConnection DestinationDatabase CopyAllObjects IncludeDependencies IncludeLogins IncludeUsers DropDestinationObjectsFirst CopySchema CopyData AddObjectForTransfer Using the items just listed, you will create a form with options to transfer tables between two SQL databases. Steps Open and run the VB.NET -Chapter 7 solution. From the main Windows form, click on the command button with the caption How-To 7.4. You will then see a form allowing you to pick SQL Servers on the network to transfer from and to. After you have chosen these, you can then select which databases you want to transfer from and to. After choosing from the database to transfer from, you are then presented with a list of tables to transfer from. You can then highlight multiple tables, as shown in Figure 7.9. Figure 7.9. Transferring tables between SQL Server databases.
  3. Tip One of the options included as a property of the CustomTask object is IncludeDependencies. This option specifies whether to have DTS transfer related tables as well as the selected table(s). This could be put as an option on the form as well. For this example, I have it set to True. 1. Create a Windows Form. Then place the controls shown in Figure 7.9, with the following properties set as in Table 7.8. Table 7.8. Label, ListBox, and Command Button Controls Property Settings Object Property Setting Label Name Label1 Text From SQL Servers ListBox Name lstFromSQLServer Label Name Label2 Text To SQL Servers
  4. ListBox Name lstToSQLServer Label Name Label3 Text Transfer from Database ListBox Name lstFromDB Label Name Label4 Text Transfer to Database ListBox Name lstToDB Label Name Label5 Text Table(s) to Transfer ListBox Name lstTables SelectionMode MultiSimple Command Button Name btnTransfer Text &Perform Transfer 2. On the form, add the code in Listing 7.18 to the Load event. This will look familiar from How-To 7.1. For an examination of the LoadSQLServers routine, check out step 4 in that How-To. Different from the other How-Tos in this chapter thus far, however, is the fact that the LoadSQLServers routine is called twice: once for the lstFromSQLServer, and a second time for the lstToSQLServer. Listing 7.18 frmHowTo7_4.vb: Calling the Routine That Loads Available SQL Servers into a List Box Private Sub frmHowTo7_4_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load LoadSQLServers(Me.lstFromSQLServer) LoadSQLServers(Me.lstToSQLServer) End Sub 3. On the lstFromSQLServer and lstToSQLServer list boxes, add the code in Listing 7.19 to the SelectedIndexChanged event of each, as appropriate. These routines call GetSQLDatabases, described in step 6 of How-To 7.1.
  5. Listing 7.19 frmHowTo7_4.vb: Populating the lstDatabases and lstBackupDevices List Boxes Private Sub lstFromSQLServer_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles lstFromSQLServer.SelectedIndexChanged GetSQLDatabases(Me.lstFromSQLServer.SelectedItem, Me.lstFromDB) End Sub Private Sub lstToSQLServer_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As System.Object, _ ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _ Handles lstToSQLServer.SelectedIndexChanged GetSQLDatabases(Me.lstToSQLServer.SelectedItem, Me.lstToDB) End Sub 4. On the lstFromTables list box, add the code in Listing 7.20 to the SelectedIndexChanged event. This routine starts off by logging onto the server that is selected in the lstFromSQLServer list box, and then creates a reference to the database that is selected in the lstFromDB list box. After clearing the lstTables list box, the routine iterates through each of the tables in the database and adds the names of those that are user tables to the lstTables items. Listing 7.20 frmHowTo7_4.vb: Populating the lstDatabases and lstBackupDevices List Boxes Private Sub lstFromDB_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles lstFromDB.SelectedIndexChanged '-- Create the connection and specify the stored procedure to use. Dim odb As SQLDMO.Database Dim otbl As SQLDMO.Table Dim oapp As New SQLDMO.Application() Dim osvr As New SQLDMO.SQLServer() Try osvr.LoginSecure = True
  6. osvr.Connect(Me.lstFromSQLServer.SelectedItem) odb = osvr.Databases.Item(Me.lstFromDB.SelectedItem) Me.lstTables.Items.Clear() For Each otbl In odb.Tables If otbl.TypeOf = _ SQLDMO.SQLDMO_OBJECT_TYPE.SQLDMOObj_UserTable Then Me.lstTables.Items.Add(otbl.Name) End If Next Catch excpData As Exception MessageBox.Show("Error Occurred: " & excpData.Message) End Try End Sub Tip You could really make this a flexible and powerful utility by including different objects to transfer other than just user tables. Some examples could be stored procedures or views. 5. On the lstTables list box, add the code in Listing 7.21 to the SelectedIndexChanged event. This routine enables the btnTransfer button. Listing 7.21 frmHowTo7_4.vb: Performing the Transfer of Tables Private Sub lstTables_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles lstTables.SelectedIndexChanged Me.btnTransfer.Enabled = True End Sub 6. Add the code in Listing 7.22 to the Click event of btnTransfer. This routine begins by declaring all the objects to be used, and then creates new Step and Task objects, with the type of task being specified. In this case, the task is of type DTSTransferObjectsTask. Next, the various necessary properties are set on the
  7. Task object. For each of the tables to be transferred, the AddObjectForTransfer method is executed, with the name of the table being passed to the method. After the name of the task is added to the step, both objects are added to their collections in the Package object. The Execute method of the Package object is then called. Listing 7.22 frmHowTo7_4.vb: Performing the Transfer of Tables Private Sub btnTransfer_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _ ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles btnTransfer.Click Dim oPackage As New DTS.Package() Dim oStep As DTS.Step Dim oTask As DTS.Task Dim oXferObj As DTS.TransferObjectsTask Dim intCurrTable As Integer Try '-- Create step and task oStep = oPackage.Steps.New oTask = oPackage.Tasks.New("DTSTransferObjectsTask") oXferObj = oTask.CustomTask '-- Configure transfer objects task With oXferObj .Name = "XferObjTask" .SourceServer = Me.lstFromSQLServer.SelectedItem .SourceUseTrustedConnection = True .SourceDatabase = Me.lstFromDB.SelectedItem .DestinationServer = Me.lstToSQLServer.SelectedItem .DestinationUseTrustedConnection = True .DestinationDatabase = Me.lstToDB.SelectedItem .CopyAllObjects = False .IncludeDependencies = True .IncludeLogins = False .IncludeUsers = False .DropDestinationObjectsFirst = False .CopySchema = True .CopyData = DTS.DTSTransfer_CopyDataOption.DTSTransfer_AppendData
  8. For intCurrTable = 0 To Me.lstTables.SelectedItems.Count - 1 .AddObjectForTransfer( _ Me.lstTables.SelectedItems.Item(intCurrTable), "dbo", DTS.DTSSQLObjectType.DTSSQLObj_UserTable) Next End With '-- Link step to task oStep.TaskName = oXferObj.Name oStep.Name = "XferObjStep" oPackage.Steps.Add(oStep) oPackage.Tasks.Add(oTask) oPackage.Execute() Catch excp As Exception MessageBox.Show(excp.Message, "Error Occurred") Exit Sub End Try MessageBox.Show("Tables Transferred") End Sub 7. Add the code in Listing 7.23 to the Click event of btnClose. Listing 7.23 frmHowTo7_4.vb: Closing the Form Private Sub btnClose_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _ ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles btnClose.Click Me.Close() End Sub How It Works
  9. Using the Data Transformation Services API requires a bit more work than just using SQL-DMO. To use SQL-DTS, you need to also have a concept of using workflow. Workflow allows you to specify steps in a package and assign tasks to those steps. Task objects that are not assigned to steps can be included in the package, but they will not be executed. You can see an example of multiple tasks being performed by the arrows in the package in Enterprise Manager (see Figure 7.10). Figure 7.10. This DTS package has multiple tasks that are being performed and shows workflow. This example is simple in that it has only one step and task. For more information on using workflow and DTS packages, check out SQL Server's Books On-Line, and look up "workflow." As you create each of the tasks, you will have to set the various properties that are necessary to perform the tasks. The source and destination servers and databases are examples of this. Comments As mentioned, using DTS takes a bit more work to understand than DMO, but after you understand what needs to be done, there is little you can't perform using it.
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