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A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy

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A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy

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In ME it is hard to distinguish between expenditure on research and development and the costs incurred for the current output. The reason is that in a process with a high share of made-to-measure products, some research and a lot of development may be undertaken in connection with special orders. That is especially the case for small and medium-sized firms. Thus it is true that the available figures for research and development in ME do not reflect all the efforts taken by firms to find new technical solutions and to optimize products as well as clients’ processes. However, all of...

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Nội dung Text: A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy

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