Tài liệu tiếng Anh ôn thi tuyển sinh cao học - Phần 2

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Tài liệu tiếng Anh ôn thi tuyển sinh cao học - Phần 2

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Tài liệu tham khảo cao học, tài liệu MBA - Tài liệu tiếng Anh ôn thi tuyển sinh cao học - Phần 2

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  1. Pruclin: [en 3 PRACTICE TEST 3 PART 1: VOCABULARY AND READING COMPREHENSION SECTION 1: VOCABULARY (20 marks) Instruction: Choose the best word/ phrase in the box below to complete the sentences that follow. Each word / phrase can be used ONCE ONLY. --._-._--- part -time preven t gets unless specialise such by so thm brcak ever plenty charge presented arranged though far a little below nIece ough t to -- --------.----------------- 1. My wife has a... . job at a chemist's. 2. I'm not sure if thc new tax is a good idea after all. 3. We haven't. . thought of going abroad for a holiday bcciJuse my husb,lnd is afraid of flying. 4. Doctors also try to disease \\'ith good c1dvicc. They tell their patients to cat t~lC right kind of food and to exercise daily. 5. lie was in .. aLa large number of men. 6. When he retired from his job the director:.. him \vith a clock. 7. My sister had a baby daughter, and she is my first.. 8. Smoking is very bad habit, which many people find diffjcult to... 9. it was raining heavily he went out without a raincoat. 10. No child. ..the age of sixteen wii! be admitted to th is film 11. Do you knmv what time the train. to Ii0chiMinh Cit.\"? 12. You .. go to the dentist's before your tooUwchc get \\"(>rsc. ]3. We have of time to catch the train so there's no need to rush. ]4. .............. you do better \vork than this, you \\,on't pass the exam. 15. Many doctors in only on(~ kind of medicinc. For eX~JmpJc, ophthalmologists C:Jreeyc specialists. I ', - - - -- -- --- -- --- - -- -
  2. Tiii U~u on rhi lie-ng Anh SECTION 2: READING COMPREHENSION (30 marks) Read each passage carefully and the answer the questions that bellow. Passage 1 ~ It seems easyto say that you are employed if you work for somebody else and you are self employ'Cd if you work for yourseltl But life isn't quite so simple. Being self-employed is not restricted to people who run their O\vn business, in the physical sense of O\vning property and stock and perhaps employing their own staff. A great number of people work from home in a \\'id,-~ range of occupations and many of them arc classed as self-employed. Examples arc the hairdresser "..rho has set up a shop in one room of the house, the freelance book- keeper \\.ho docs the accounts for other small businesses, the woman who holds clothing or TLlppen\"~in' p~1rti('s, and the anist who takes on freelance work from various publishing comp,-In\l's. People \\'h(1 work on a freelance basis 'hire out' their skills to anyone who will pay them. A freelance photographer. for inst,.mce, may eithcr be contracted to do a specific job for a newspaper or may even take photographs of events on the chance that he/she nm sell them. The number of people in Britain \vho arc elassed as self-employed rose by 52% between 1YH1 and 1q91 from 2.2 million to 3.3 million people - and most of them work on their o\vn (i.e. they do not employ other people) in many cases these are peopJe who have been faced \\'ith redundancy and who have used their savings or their redundancy payments, or taken advanlages of one of the government schemes to setup on their own. I. What is the ONE main idea of the passage? 2. Do all se1f-emplo cd people own property and stock? employment mentioned in the passage') 3. Nole down two of the examp1cs of self - 4. I !cm docs a frcclanccr rnDkc a lJVing? employment. What are they? 5-6 The pussagc dvscrilws t\\'o particular job features of self - \\/hat docs each of the rol1c)\ving underlined words or phrases refer to? (puragr8ph 1) 7. " and many afthem are classed as self-employed." ............ H. " by 52fY, between 1981 cmd 1991 from 2.2 million to 3.3 million people rose Waragraph 3) 14
  3. Pruclict'lnl3 Which words/phrases in the passage mean the foHawing 9. many..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ... ... ... ... ... .... . 10. does not only relate to ...................... ..................... ................. Passage 2 A typical British family used to consist of mother, father and two children, but in recent years there havc been many changes in family life. Some of these changes have been caused by new laws and others are the result ofchanges in society. In fact one ma.rriage in every three now ends in divorce. This means that there arc a lot of onc-parent families. Suciety is now more toJerant than it used to be of unmarried couples 8nd single parents. Another ch8nge has been caused by the f8ct people arc Jiving longer nowadays, and many old people Jive alone foIl owing the death of their partners. As a result of these changes in the pattern of peop)c's lives, there are many households which consist of onl.v one person or one Bdu]t and children. Members of a family - grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins _ touch, but they see less of each other than they used to. This is because people oftenkecp in move away from their home tcm,'n to work, and so the famiJy becomes Scattered. In generaJ, each generation is keen to become independent of parents on estC1blishing its own family unit, and this fact can lead to social as \ e]J as geographical the larger family group. differences within 11. Docs a typicaJ British family have 4 members? 12-13. What arc the major causes of many changes in British family life'? ................. 14. What has the new law resulted in? 15. Ilo\\' does the pattern of British people's lives change? .............. ./'. ........... ] 6. Did members of a f8mily see each other 1css often than they do now? 17. What is the cause of sociaJ and geographicaJ differences within the larger family group? \Vhat docs each of the foJIov.'ing underlined words or phrases refer to? ] 8. "Some of these have been caused by new laws and others are the result of changes III society" (Paragraph 1) ................. J5 -----------
  4. - - -- - T/li Ufu {in Ihi li/nK Anh 19. "Th.i~_means that there are a lot of one-parent families"? (Paragraph 1) ............................................................ 20. What word in the passage means includes/is composed o.P .................... ............... ........................ SECTION 3: READING CLOZE (10 marks) Instructions: Complete the following passage with the missing words. Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word only. ............. than us. There is considerable Dolphins and whales have larger (1) ...communicate with each other and show evidence that they arc able (2) ...... have worked (5) their (3) with sounds. Scientists (4) ................... ..that they (7) dolphins consider them to be truly intelligent. Some (6) (8) environment cven be more intelligent than us. Because their a diffcrcnt non- ... all their needs they have developed (9) ... still being.hunted and killed material way. But they (10) .......... PART 2: WRITING SECTION 1: CONTROLLED WRITING (15 marks) Instruction: From the following suggested words and phrases in the given sequences, make all the changes and additions necessary to produce sentences, which together make a complete paragraph. Follow the example. Australia Example: my aunt / born / England/ now / shc / live / Pcrth / Answer: My aunt was bom in England, but now she lives in Perth, Australia. Dcar Sir, 1. My wife / I / now / plan / holiday / next summer. 2. We / like / go / Italy/ two weeks. 3. Holiday / begin / ,July 15'" / we / return / July 29"'. ................ .................. ................................... go / air. 4. My wife / dislike / travel / coach / we wish / ........... \6
  5. Practice test 3 5. We / expect / stay / hotel/east coast. ............... ............. 6. We / grateful/you / send / information/ details / charges. ............... .............. 7. I / trust / you / able / help / arrangements. ............ ...................... Yours sincerely, Ii:. Smith SECTION 2: SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION (15marks) 'Instruction: Use the words given to rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the original sentence. 1. I'm always nervous when I travel by air. Travelling.. . 2. lIe could not afford to buy the car. The car. .............. 3. Although he had a good salary, he was unhappy in his job. In spite. ............................... 4. I'm sorry I missed your birthday party. ...................... ........... ................. I wish .... 5. That restaurant is so dirty that no one wants to eat there. It is such .... ...................... 6. After fighting the fire for twelve hours, the firemen succeeded in putting it out. The firemen managed . 7. We didn't go on holiday because we didn't have enough money. Ifwe. .............. 8. The mechanic serviced my car last week. I had............ 9. The only v,ray you can bccome a good athlete is by training hard every day'. Only by . ............ 17 --
  6. 7'iLilNu 6n thi tilng Anh 10. He is said to have been in the French Foreign Legion. People ......... ............ ................ SECTION 3: TRANSLATION (15 marks) Translate the following sentences into English. 1. Ngon ngu cua khoa hQc la ngon ngu chung cua c(>ng dong quoc te. 2. May di$n toan d6ng m(>tvai tro quan trong trong xa h(>ihi$n dai vi no phl,lc Vl,lcon ngLioi trong nhieu JTnhvt,ic. ........................... ................................. ................................ .............................. 3. Neu dan so the gioi tiep tuc tang va neu chung ta khOng giam lang phi, chung ta se chet dOl vi khOng cd du IUOngtht,lc. ............... ............. .................... 4. HI' thich song a mien que hon vi hI' yeu thich ve d~p thien nhien. , .................. 5. Khi can Ire, ong toi thUong lam vi.;;c 12 lieng mqt ngay. .............. ............... Translate the following sentences into Vietnamese. 6. In thc past it was mistakenly thought that natural resources might never be used up ... ...... ....... ....... ....... ..... ........................................ 7. Modern life offers us a lot of comforts and conveniences that our grandfathers couldn't have dreamt of. . . . . . . . . . . . . ...................................................... ...........
  7. Pructict' It'S! :) 8. Do you think cars should be banned from the centre of the city to reduce air pollution" .................... 9. Cars, besides polluting the air, arc the cause of many accidents that kill or injure thousands of people a year. 10. One of the arguments in favour of life entertainment and that you can engage in in a city is that you don'1 have to any cultural activities of your choicc. go f
  8. ------- --------- Tili lieu on thi li~'n Anh England. spend I year I 4. My sister I IS' years oldl want I .............. I children I and I good I housework. I not I mind I look 5. She I study EngEsh . I go I university I next year 6. She ....................... you. 7. Look / forw~Jrd / hear / Stefano (15marks) TRANSFORMATiON SECTION 2: SENTENCE following sentences in such a sentence. Use the words given to rewrite original of the each Instruction: exactly the same as the way that it means intcrvicv./. 1. You '\vill be askcd a lot of questions at the They. 2. Tom said:" Ann has bought a neW car. Tom said that...... 3. In spite of not having eaten for 24 hours, I didn'l t"ecl hun~n Even though.. 4. We had hardly started when it began to rain. Hardly. ............. comc. heavily, they didn't 5. Because it rained Because of........ enjoyed myself sa much for years. 6. I haven't It's.. 7. You may be very inte1\igent, but yoU should be careful about this. No matter.. 8. I walked to school in 20 minutcs. It took..
  9. Practice te.~t 4 9. He spent all his money. He even borrowed some money from me. Not onJy...... . ..... ...... ...... ...... ...... . ............ 10. My brother is t
  10. ) Tili lieu ('n [hi tlit" Anh 7. A recent Japan B
  11. Practice test 5 PRACTICE TEST 5 PART 1: VOCABULARY AND READING COMPREHENSION SECTION 1: VOCABULARY (15 marks) Instruction: Choose the best word/ phrase in the box below to complete the sentences that follow. Each word / phrase can be used ONCE ONLY. -,~ ~------ ---'- - .- rescued --,-_. \vhich so th8t ,,--- knowledge so coming when full if change arrange out short mind result arnVe for save such . " ca!! on --------------.------------- 1. Firemen ............ .severa} people from the top /loor of the bl.'!zing bUilding. 2. Her parents were very worried because she \vas . . so J
  12. COMPREHENSION (30 marks) SECTION 2: READING Read each passage carefully and the answer the questions that bellow. Passage 1 Italy's fashion boom began in the 19505. Since then, fashion - clothing, textiles, and footwear _ has become It81/s biggest export industry, worth $30 billion a year. Milan fashion since the designer is Italy's -fashion capital'. It has been the most important centre for 'ready-ta-wear' 1970s. The top ltaliandcsigners - Armani, Versace, Valentino, Verre - all have their fashion houses there. 1. According to the P8SSagc, what is meant by fashion? 2. What docs $30 billion refer to? period of success'? 3. What word is used in the passage to mean "a ,.......... ................................................ 4. Write the question for the following answer? ................ Annan-i, Varsace Valentino and Verre. . ...all have their fashion house~ there." refer to ? 5. What docs "'there" in ....................................... ......................... Passage 2 Besides the daily newspapers, there are a number of Sunday newspapers, many of which arc connected with the "dailies", though not run by the same editor and staff. The Sund8.y' papers are larger than the daily papers and usually contain a greater proportion of articles concerned with comment and general information rather than news. The nationul daily and Sunday papers have enormous circulations (the largest in the world) running into several millions of readers in ccrtain cases. 6. Are thc Sunday papers the same as the daily papers? .................. . .. .... .. . ..... . ... .... ............... 7. What is special about the cont.cnt of Sunday papers? .................................... 8. What is the largest number of readers the national daily and Sund,ay papers may have? .............................................................................................
  13. Practice test 5 9. What does the word "lbg fIgilies" refer to? 10. Find the word in the passage that has the same meaning as "many'? .......-..... ............... Passage 3 Ever}' child in Great 13ritain between the age of five and fiftee~ must attend school.. There are three main t)-'pes of cduc8tional institutions: primary' schools, secondary schools, and universities. State schools mT frct' , and attendance is compulsory. Morning school begins at nine o'clock and lasts for three hours, u0tiJ hulf past four. School is open five days a week. On Saturday and Sunday! therc ;Jre no lessons. Therc'rc holidays at ~hrjstmas, Easter and summer. In London as in all cities I hcre'rc two grades of state schools for those who will go to work at fifteen: primary schools for boys and girls between the ages of five and cleven, and secondary school~ for children from eleven to fifteen years. The lessons 8re: reading, writing, the English language, English literature, EngJish history, geography, scicncli, Nature stud}', drmving, painting, singing, physical training. 11. What arc the three main types of educational institutions'? ............. 12. What arc the two grades of state schoo] f?r those who wiil go to work at fifteen'? ............ ........... ................ 13. How many subjects do children study at school? ............... ................ 14. Are state schools free'? IS. When do pupils have hulidays'? ........... ............... Passage 4 Human telephone operators wm be replaced by talking computers. These computers will recognisc speech, ask us what information we need, access the information from a database, and convert it to speech. If you want to book a flight or pay a bill by phone, you will interact with a talking computer to do so. Human telephone operators will be used onl)' for more complex operations such as dealing with complaints or so~ving problems. 16. What will happen to human teJephone operators? ................................ ... ....... ....... ........ ........ ....... ..... ....... ..... ... - - -.- -
  14. Tili Wu 6n [hi titn Anh 17. Why are thcse computers referred to as talking computers? . .... ....... . 18. Will wc still need human telephone operators in the future? 19. Fill in the blank with one ~uitable word froID the passage. human tclephone opcrutors. Talking computers will not compJctely.. 20. What word is used in the passage to mean' to change from one form to another form? SECTION 3: READING CLOZE (10 marks) Instructions : Complete the following passage with the missing words. Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word only. When Tom decided to go (1) a holiday in England, he wrote to
  15. Practice test 5 Dear Petcr, 1. I / sorry / not / write / so long. ........... 2. I / work / very hard / school. ........... ........................................................................................ ............. 3. My course / finish / two week's Ii me, / I / go / Scotland. ....... 4. If / enough / money / go / Ireland / as well ................ .............. 5. 1 think / best / way I practise / English. .............................. ............................ ..... ...... ....... .... ...... ..... ...... 6. Be / possible / stay / you / couple / nights? ............ 7. I / promise / not / bc / nuisance. ...................................... 8. I / even / some cooking. .................. ...................................... ................ Love, Franz SECTION 2: SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION ( 15marks ) Instruction: Use the \vords given to rcwrite each of the foJJowing sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the original sentence. 1. r started work for the company a year ago. I have been ......... ................ 2. My suit nceds to be cJcancd before intcrview. f must ........... .............. 3. "You stole my best cassette, John" said William. William accused ............. ........................... 4. Although he didn't speak Dutch, Bob decided to settle in Amsterdam.
  16. Tai liAu un thi tikn Anh J ................ .................... In spite of. 5. "Never borrow money from friends" my father said. .................... My father told me ..... 6. Who docs this bag belong to ? ...................................................... .................. Whose. 7. It's a pity 1 didn't take my doctor's advice. ................................................................................... I wish. H. That was a silly thing to say! ............ ........... What 9. I last 8m\' him v hen I was a student. ~ ................ ..................................................................... I haven't .... 10. We've run out of tea. .................................................................... ........................ There. ............................. SECTION 3: TRANSLATION (15 marks) Translate the following sentences into English. 1. Chi sau khi t6i dQc bai lu~n cua t6i Ian thll hai thi t6i moi nh~n biet t6i da bo s6t m9t so diem quan trQng. .............. ............ 2. Anh toi lal xe rat can th~n trang thanh pho vao ban d1>mde tranh gay tal n?M. ...................................... ......................................... 3.Du lieh bang may bay thi tho"i mai hOn, ti~n IQIhon va nhanh hOn cae phuong tien khac rat nhieu. .......................... ............ .............. 4. Dap may bay IU thanh pho Ho Chi Minh ra Ha Nqi chi mat khoimg hai tisng dong ho. .. ..........................................................................................
  17. . Practice lest 5 5. Cae m$t hang xuat khau ella Vietnam gan day da tang rat nhanh. ............. ............ Translate the fonowing sentencesinto Vietnamese. 6. Whether life in the countryside is better than that in the city depends on each individual's point of view. ........... ...... ........ ...... . ............. :,... ............. .................... 7. Whenever you are, speaking and laughing arc always considered bad manners. ............. ........................... ....................... 8. Thanks to the invention of the labour-saving machines, the housewives spend Jess time doing housework, have freedom and more leisure time. ....................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ... ..... ...... ....... ....... . ............................. 9.' We arc proud of our country's achievements in the fields of economic and cultural development. ........... ............................... . .. . . . . . . .. ..................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .................. 10. In the past, it was mistakenly thought that natural resources might never be used up. This is the end of Practice test 5 "
  18. () Practice test PRACTICE TEST 6 PART 1: VOCABULARY AND READING COMPREHENSION SECTION 1: VOCABULARY (15 marks) Instructions: Choose the correct word/phrase in the box below to complete the sentences that follow. Each word/phrase can be used ONLY ONCE. -- - \vithin process proced ure _ are developing easily so ftware surf the internet leave a message [ thermometer trips journey \ asks is recruiting are talking development is improving arc speaking database requires is writing ---------------- ---------------.-.------- \ " ~ 1. [f the person you \vant to speak to isn't at home when you phone, you can .............. on the answering machine. for about an hour - you never know what 2. Every night I like to interesting information you will find on the \veb! of new technology. 3. Those cars are cheaper because of the hard work. 4. Success at the univcrsity temperature. What docs a photometer measure? 5. A measures do you makc every year, on average? 6. How many business 7_ It was a very long because there was a lot of traffic on the road. ........... " three new sales staff for its Hanoi office. 8. The company.... , our activitics in the South. 9. We he spoken English of all our employees. 10. Our new training programme.... quickly for me. Could you slow down a little? 1 L I am sorry, but you too _ he an important report at the moment. 12. Don't go into his office ]3. We storc information about all our clients on a . 34
  19. Tili li?u on thi tie'ng Anh 14. Thc of copying and printing the document bikes about two minutes.' ]5. They promised to send us the goods two weeks. SECTION 2: READING COMPREHENSION (30 marks) Instructions: the reading consists of two passages. Read each passage carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Write your answers in the provided space. Passage 1 Businessmen, consumers, and governments depend on loans. Businessmen often borrow money from banks that lend money to buy more equipment or to improve their business. Consumers sometimes need to borrow money, too. Most people harrow mODc.y'from the bank when they buy a car or a house, Governments also borrow money to improve industry and agriculture in their countries. Anyone who borrows money must pay interest i.e. they often pay a certain amount monthly. The borrower must return the principal, which is the money that was borrowed. Peoplc can usc the money they do not need right now to earn interest. too. Banks pay interest on saving accounts. Then banks can use the money. Intercst rates vary on different kinds of savings accounts. Usually, the longer the bank uses the money, the higher the rate of interest. 1. How can businesses get money to expand production? ............................................................................................................................................ 2. What common bank customers are mentioncd in the passage? ............................................................................................................................................. 3. What does interest mean to a borrmver? ......................................... ........... .................... 4. What arc the two things borro\vcrs must do? ............... .............................. ................ 5. What docs principal mean in this context? (Paragraph 1; Line 6) ......................................... 6. What docs that in "money from banks that lend money to buy "(paragraph 1; Line 21 refer to? ....................................................................................... ........... 7. Can people make money by putting their money in the bank? ................................... ............... 8. What does interest mean to a lender? ........................................ . .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... .. ... .. .. . .............. 9. Find a word in the passage which means differ. ................................................ ............. ..............
  20. Prllcrice lest 6 10. What is the main reason for people's putting their money into the saving accounts? ................................................................................................................................... Passage 2 Personal computers are used in business and professional offices and at home to reduce paperwork. There are two important reasons for the increasing popularity of personal computers. First, there is a great deal of software for use both in the office and at home. Software for word processing and accounting improves office cff1cienc)' while programs for household budgets, games, or educational activities arc used at home. Second, using a personal computer is an individual activity that allO\vs the user to control and interact with the .computer. The basic parts of a personal computer for the home arc a microprocessor and keyboard. There are, however, important additional parts cal1ed peripheral hardware. These arc a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) screen, a joystick, a printer, additional disk drives, and a modem. 1. What docs the passage tel1 us about? ............................................. ........................... r ............. 2. Ilo\\' can offices and households benefit from personal computers? ............... ................................ 3. Iloware computers used at horne? ......................................................................................... ........................................ _ 4 5. Name two popular uses of personal computers in offices mentioned in the passage? ................................................................................................................................................. _ 6 7. Summarise the two reasons for popularity of personal computers in as few words as possible. ............................................................................................ ..................... 8. What word in the passage is closest in meaning to Software (paragraph 1; Line 4)'? ....................................................................................................................................... 9. Find a word in the passage that refers to a situation in which computers arc liked by businesses and individuals? .......................... ........................... 10. What is peripheral hardware? ................. ....................... . ... .. ... .. .. ... .. . ............... SECTION 3: READING CLOZE (IO marks) Instructions: complete the following passage with the missing word. Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word ONLY. More (l) half a million British people have a second home in another country. Many buy old (2) in the south of France, or in Tuscany, in the north of Italy. The

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