River water quality

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  • For the last two decades, Vietnam has achieved great developments in economic. Our country is in the middle of industrialization and modernization process. But side-effects of economic developments which is greater than ever are environmental problems, especially water pollution. At present, with the pressure of environmental pollution, river water quality is showing signs of pollution at some degrees. For the season, it is necessary to assessing and monitoring river water quality, then using models to simulate water quality to propose managing strategies.

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  • The Mekong River Delta (MD), the most downstream part of the Mekong river, is known as the biggest "rice bowl" of Vietnam. Currently, 2.4 million ha are used for agriculture. During the rainy season part of the Delta is flooded. Along the 600 kmcoast, the sea tide strongly influences the water quality by sea water intrusion. In addition, an area of 2-million ha is covered by acid sulfate soils. Also, the MD is very densely populated with intense associated water pollution.

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  • Water quality is one of the key factors affecting the environmental health of the Mekong river system. As the livelihoods of most of the 60 million people who live in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) wholly or partly depend on aquatic resources, the environmental health of the river is a major concern to the governments of the countries in the basin. In 1985, the Mekong River Commission (MRC) established the Water Quality Monitoring Network (WQMN) to provide an ongoing record of the water quality of the river, its major tributaries, and the Mekong Delta.

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  • Waste water from industrial sites amounts to one third of total waste water discharged into To Lich river, and may have serious effects on the river water quality. With the total amount waste water of factories (Hanoi beer alcohol and beverage joint stock corporation (HABECO), Trang An JSC and Thuong Dinh industrial park) of 45,000 m3/day, these factories accounts for more than a half of total industrial waste water released into To Lich river. The analytic results of water samples taken from To Lich river show that the parameters of DO, COD, BOD5, TSS, NH4+, NO2- and coliform...

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  • Management of water pollution requires a concise definition of the problem to be managed. The first task is recognition of an alleged water quality problem as being "a problem". This assumes an ability to identify all relevant water quality problems. The next task is to make sure that useful information is acquired that enables identification and assessment of existing and potential future water quality problems. Thus managers must be able to identify problem areas that require intervention within the water quality sector or the sector for which they are responsible.

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  • Mekong River, the 11th largest river in the world, is the main water source for irrigation, fishery, and domestic use… In short, the living of the whole population in the Mekong Delta (MD) is depending and will be depended on this resource. The MD of Vietnam is located at the most downstream part of the Mekong river basin. With a population of 17 million inhabitants living in 4 million hectares of land, the MD has great potentials for agricultural production. The MD is the most important agricultural production region for the whole country.

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  • The recommendations and principles from Agenda 21 cover water resources management in general, i.e. including availability of water, demand regulation, supply and tariffs, whereas water pollution control should be considered as a subset of water resources management. Water resources management entails two closely related elements, that is the maintenance and development of adequate quantities of water of adequate quality (see Case Study V, South Africa). Thus, water resources management cannot be conducted properly without paying due attention to water quality aspects.

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  • On a national scale, or regional scale depending on the size of the country, the initial step should be to conduct a water resources assessment. In this context, a water resources assessment is an integrated activity, taking into account water pollution control as well as more general water resources issues. At this very early stage it may be difficult to determine whether a certain problem is purely one of water quality or whether it also relates to the availability of water resources.

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  • Báo cáo trình bày nghiên cứu ứng dụng mô hình Mike11 và Mike21 trong mô phỏng chất lượng nước sông Cầu Trắng, Đà Nẵng. Nghiên cứu thực hiện khảo sát, đo đạc thực địa, mô phỏng, hiệu chỉnh, kiểm định và đưa ra dự báo chất lượng nước cho sông Cầu Trắng. ABSTRACT This report is about the applicated research of Mike 11 and Mike 21 software in simulating water quality of Cau Trang river, done by measuring field data, simulating, calibrating model and giving predictions of Cau Trang river water quality....

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  • The Mekong delta (MD), the most downstream part of the Mekong river (See figure 1), is known as the biggest "rice bowl" of Vietnam. The Delta has a population of 17 million inhabitants living in 4 million hectares of land. All the people living in the Delta have to depend totally on the water resources, mainly the surface water, for domestic drinking, crop irrigating, fish-shrimp raising, goods transporating and industrial producing.

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  • The MD of Vietnam is located at the most downstream part of the Mekong river basin. With a population of 17 million inhabitants living in 4 million hectares of land, the MD has great potentials for agricultural production. The MD is the most important agricultural production region for the whole country. It supplies for more than 50% of staple food and 60% of fish production and accounts for 27% of the total GDP of Vietnam. Rice and fishery products contribute significantly to the nation’s export earning......

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  • The EU Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) is probably the most significant legislative instrument in the water field that was introduced on an international basis for many years. It moves towards integrated environmental management with key objectives to prevent any further deterioration of water bodies, and protect and enhance the status of aquatic ecosystems and associated wetlands. It aims to promote sustainable water consumption and will contribute to mitigating the effects of floods and droughts.

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  • The Study Team will make and define a series of assumptions about future land use, urban development, climate, geomorphic processes, the agricultural drainage system, and watershed management in the MRB. These assumptions will be used as input variables in the model system to simulate future (some specified year, e.g., 2025) conditions. The small watershed, large watershed, and river water quality model systems will be used to simulate future (without projects or change in management) conditions of system hydrology, loading rates, and Minnesota River water quality conditions.

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  • Drought attributable in significant part to climate change is already causing acute water shortages in large parts of Australia, Asia, Africa, and the United States. Just last month, California water officials warned that the state – whose enormous agricultural and computer industries are heavily water-dependent – is facing “the worst drought in modern history.”1 Shrinking snowcaps are reducing river flows and water supplies across China, India and Pakistan – countries where more than one billion people already lack access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation.

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  • For this, credit is due to a set of economists and water quality engineers who were actively exploring the application of taxes to the problems of large, polluted watersheds. In the mid-1960s, large studies of the Delaware River Estuary were undertaken to assess, among other things, the desirability of using effluent charges to control pollutants. In 1967, Johnson reported that a “zoned” effluent charge program (where different tax levels were applied in different zones along the estuary) would cost half as much as a “uniform treatment” regulation.

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  • Tar-Pamlico River Basin, North Carolina. The state established a total, allowable discharge level for the basin. The state approved a strategy whereby an sssociation of sewage treatment plants can meet this level either by making modifications to their facilities and/or by making a monetary contribution to a voluntary state program that helps farmers reduce nonpoint source pollution. Contributions to this program will begin in September 1992. Fox River, Wisconsin. In 1981 the state of Wisconsin initiated...

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  • In 1981 the state of Wisconsin initiated a trading program for the point source dischargers-primarily paper mills and sewage treatment plants-along the Fox River. The state initiated the program in an effort to meet water quality standards for biological oxygen-demand pollutants. Under the program, the state (1) established a total waste load goal; (2) imposed more stringent limits on individual dischargers; and (3) under limited conditions, allowed the dischargers...

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  • Water pollution is the contamination of water resources by harmful wastes or toxins. This type of pollution can be dangerous to animals and plant populations in and around lakes, rivers, polluted groundwater areas or oceans, and can pose major problems for humans as well. Although natural phenomena, such as volcanoes and algae blooms, can create drastic changes in water quality, water is typically deemed polluted only when impaired by human contaminants.

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  • Similarly, the Susquehanna River Basin Compact established the Susquehanna River Basin Commission, another federal-interstate regulatory collaboration by Congress and the member states. It is parallel in structure and authority to the Delaware River Basin Commission. Any decision of the Commission involves the approval of all of the member parties, which include the states of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New York, as well as the federal government.

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  • Factors thought to have contributed to the decline of the endangered suckers include degradation of spawning habitat, deterioration in the quality of water in Upper Klamath Lake, overexploitation by commercial and noncommercial fishing (now regulated), introduction of competitive or predaceous exotic species, bloc

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