Xem 1-15 trên 15 kết quả System in old age
  • In recent years, all western industrialized countries, and to a growing extent even many developed and developing Asian nations, have witnessed a remarkable growth in numbers of older people [1]. Future projections anticipate continued increases, particularly in numbers of individuals who are 85 years and older [1]. Although US statistics have indicated recent declines in disability trends [2], overall numbers of older individuals living with disability and functional dependence are likely to increase given projected increases in life expectancy [3].

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  • Diabetes mellitus is an important condition because it is common in developed countries, is becoming common in developing countries, and places a very great burden on individuals, healthcare systems and societies in all countries. In 1997 it was estimated that 124 million (2.1%) of the world's 5.8 billion total population had diabetes mellitus and it is projected that by 2010 this number will almost double to 221 million

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  • A representative random systematic sampling of clusters from 183 elderly people aged 65 and over was selected from the old age groups of Joaçaba, SC. Previous to the commencement of the research, workshops with the participants were conducted in order to discuss the method of performance of the interviews12. A pilot test was done to calibrate the 5 surveyors in relation to the observation of the clinical condition examined, and the (kappa) agreement test was used for these measurements until an adequate value was obtained.

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  • The retirement crisis is directly attributable to the failure of the “three-legged stool” of retirement security. Traditionally, defined benefit pension plans (“pensions”), personal savings, and Social Security were seen as the three pillars creating a solid foundation for our retirement system. Each should play an important role in supporting people in old age. However, the stool, never sturdy, has become increasingly wobbly as pensions have disappeared and the middle class is finding it harder and harder to save. ...

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  • The elderly in India often end up in a state of deprivation and negligence as there is no proper social security system as in the West (OASIS, 1999). The majority of the elderly work in the informal sector with low levels of wages and deficient working conditions and this has also put the aged in a state of deprivation, vulnerability and distress in old age in terms of both health and economic security (Helpage International, 2002). Empirical studies by different researchers have shown a gradual decline in the standard of life of the aged with high...

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  • Theoretical development in the area of health change in an older population began with the realization that the rapid mortality decline among the old beginning in the late 1960s could be linked to important population health consequences (15, 75). Fries (36) generated some of the interest in trends in health with his promotion of the idea that there was an ongoing “compression of morbidity.

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  • The chemistry of bamboo is important in determining its utilization potential. Several studies have investigated the chemical composition of bamboo. But systematic and thorough research on a commercially important bamboo species is needed to determine utilization potential for the products such as medium density fiberboard (MDF). Most of previous studies provide either only general information of several bamboo species or focuses on only one aspect of one species.

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  • In general, the health status at old age has an important individual and social relevance. The vulnerability is increasing by physiological and morphological changes in the organism and central nervous system during the ageing process. The indicators of physiological health are based on prevalence of disabilities and causes of death. In Germany the main causes of death are circulatory diseases, neoplasms, diseases of respiratory system and diseases of digestive system (Statistisches Bundesamt 2007a; Nolte, Shkolinikov & McKee 2000).

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  • Hard to fathom, but it really wasn't all that long ago that even a plain old telephone was a luxury item. But, as we all know, technology's only constant is change. In this day and age, many folks need to be accessible everywhere, whether they're at work or play, in the office or at home. To meet this demand, the GSM standard (Global System for Mobile Communications) for mobile telephony was introduced in the mid- 1980s. Today, GSM is the most popular mobile radio standard in the world. A boom is underway, such that many GSM users find life without their phone practically inconceivable....

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  • Human ancestors have been using stone and other tools since long before the emergence of Homo sapiens approximately 200,000 years ago.[20] The earliest methods of stone tool making, known as the Oldowan "industry", date back to at least 2.3 million years ago,[21] with the earliest direct evidence of tool usage found in Ethiopia within the Great Rift Valley, dating back to 2.5 million years ago.[22] This era of stone tool use is called the Paleolithic, or "Old stone age", and spans all of human history up to the development of agriculture approximately 12,000 years ago....

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  • We are pleased to present the updated issue of publication „Social insurance in Poland – information, facts”. You will fi nd here current information on tasks exercised by the Social Insur- ance Institution (ZUS), current amounts of contributions and benefi ts provided for in the Polish social security system. Starting from 1 January 2009 payment of old-age benefi ts from the new old-age pension scheme, introduced in 1999, has started. For this reason we would like to pay particular attention to old-age pensions from the Social Insurance Fund....

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  • In 1991 I was presenter of the BBC’s Watchdog programme, married to my copresenter John Stapleton with a two-year-old son. Life was good. I had never heard of bowel cancer, had no idea that it was the second biggest cancer killer in the UK. So I had no worries that the subtle symptom I had spotted intermittently – just a bit of rectal bleeding – might be serious. When my GP reassured me that it was ‘nothing to worry about’ at my age, ‘probably piles’, I believed him. It was a terrible shock to discover nearly a year later, through my persistence, that I had advanced bowel...

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  • Human ancestors have been using stone and other tools since long before the emergence of Homo sapiens approximately 200,000 years ago.[20] The earliest methods of stone tool making, known as the Oldowan "industry", date back to at least 2.3 million years ago,[21] with the earliest direct evidence of tool usage found in Ethiopia within the Great Rift Valley, dating back to 2.5 million years ago.[22] This era of stone tool use is called the Paleolithic, or "Old stone age", and spans all of human history up to the development of agriculture approximately 12,000 years ago....

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  • For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org 17. If 3 times Jane’s age, in years, is equal to 8 times Beth’s age, in years, and the difference between their ages is 15 years, how old are Jane and Beth? 18. In the coordinate system below, find the (a) (b) (c) (d)

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  • The model describes the behaviour of consumers, which are heterogeneous in terms of age, income and ¯nancial assets. They maximize the utility from consumption sub- ject to the life-cycle budget constraint. Their savings are remunerated at the deposit interest rate and the cost of borrowing is given by the lending rate. When young, con- sumers work and receive wages that depend on an idiosyncratic, stochastic component and a deterministic life-cycle pro¯le of productivity. When old, they are on a manda- tory retirement and receive pensions.

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