Naming and User interface Conventions

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Naming and User interface Conventions

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Like other open source projects, the code base for the Eclipse project should avoid using names that reference a particular company or their commercial products.

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1. Naming Conventions From Eclipsepedia Contents • 1 General o 1.1 Eclipse Workspace Projects o 1.2 Java Packages o 1.3 API Packages o 1.4 Internal Implementation Packages o 1.5 Test Suite Packages o 1.6 Examples Packages o 1.7 Additional rules • 2 Classes and Interfaces • 3 Methods • 4 Variables • 5 Constants • 6 Plug-ins and Extension Points • 7 System Files and Settings General Like other open source projects, the code base for the Eclipse project should avoid using names that reference a particular company or their commercial products. Eclipse Workspace Projects When Eclipse is being used to develop plug-ins for the Eclipse project, the name of the Eclipse workspace project should match the name of the plug-in. For example, org.eclipse.core.runtime plug-in is developed in an Eclipse workspace project named org.eclipse.core.runtime. Java Packages The Eclipse Platform consists of a collection of Java packages. The package namespace is managed in conformance with Sun's package naming guidelines; subpackages should not be created without prior approval from the owner of the package subtree. The packages for the open-source Eclipse project are all subpackages org.eclipse. The first package name segment after org.eclipse is generally the subproject name, followed by the component name.
2. org.eclipse..[.*]- General form of package names The following subprojects are assigned at the time of writing: org.eclipse.jdt.[.*] - Java development tooling org.eclipse.pde.[.*] - Plug-in development environment The following package name segments are reserved: internal - indicates an internal implementation package that contains no API tests - indicates a non-API package that contains only test suites examples - indicates a non-API package that contains only examples These name are used as qualifiers and appear between the subproject and component name: org.eclipse..internal.[.*] - internal package org.eclipse..tests.[.*] - tests org.eclipse..examples.[.*] - examples In the case of the Eclipse Platform proper, there is no subproject name, and the qualifiers appear immediately after the component name: org.eclipse.[.*] - Eclipse Platform proper org.eclipse..internal[.*] - Eclipse Platform internal package org.eclipse..tests[.*] - Eclipse Platform tests org.eclipse..examples[.*] - Eclipse Platform examples The following components of the Eclipse Platform proper are assigned at the time of writing: org.eclipse.ant[.*] - Ant support org.eclipse.compare[.*] - Compare support org.eclipse.core[.*] - Platform core org.eclipse.debug[.*] - Debug org.eclipse.help[.*] - Help support org.eclipse.jdi[.*] - Eclipse implementation of Java Debug Interface (JDI) org.eclipse.jface[.*] - JFace org.eclipse.platform[.*] - Documentation org.eclipse.scripting[.*] - Scripting support org.eclipse.sdk[.*] - SDK configuration org.eclipse.search[.*] - Search support org.eclipse.swt[.*] - Standard Widget Toolkit org.eclipse.ui[.*] - Workbench org.eclipse.update[.*] - Plug-in live update org.eclipse.vcm[.*] - Version and Configuration Management org.eclipse.webdav[.*] - WebDAV support
3. For example, org.eclipse.jdt.internal.core.compiler - Correct usage org.eclipse.jdt.core.internal.compiler - Incorrect. internal should immediately follow subproject name. org.eclipse.core.internal.resources - Correct usage org.eclipse.internal.core.resources - Incorrect. internal should never immediately follow org.eclipse. org.eclipse.core.resources.internal - Incorrect. internal should immediately follow Eclipse Platform component name. API Packages API packages are ones that contain classes and interfaces that must be made available to ISVs. The names of API packages need to make sense to the ISV. The number of different packages that the ISV needs to remember should be small, since a profusion of API packages can make it difficult for ISVs to know which packages they need to import. Within an API package, all public classes and interfaces are considered API. The names of API packages should not contain internal, tests, or examples to avoid confusion with the scheme for naming non-API packages. Internal Implementation Packages All packages that are part of the platform implementation but contain no API that should be exposed to ISVs are considered internal implementation packages. All implementation packages should be flagged as internal, with the tag occurring just after the major package name. ISVs will be told that all packages marked internal are out of bounds. (A simple text search for ".internal." detects suspicious reference in source files; likewise, "/internal/" is suspicious in .class files). Test Suite Packages All packages containing test suites should be flagged as tests, with the tag occurring just after the major package name. Fully automated tests are the norm; so, for example, org.eclipse.core.tests.resources would contain automated tests for API in org.eclipse.core.resources. Interactive tests (ones requiring a hands-on tester) should be flagged with interactive as the last package name segment; so, for example, org.eclipse.core.tests.resources.interactive would contain the corresponding interactive tests. Examples Packages All packages containing examples that ship to ISVs should be flagged as examples, with the tag occurring just after the major package name. For example, org.eclipse.swt.examples would contain examples for how to use the SWT API. Additional rules
4. • Package names should contain only lowercase ASCII alphanumerics, and avoid underscore _ or dollar sign $characters. Classes and Interfaces Sun's naming guidelines states Class names should be nouns, in mixed case with the first letter of each internal word capitalized. Try to keep your class names simple and descriptive. Use whole words - avoid acronyms and abbreviations (unless the abbreviation is much more widely used than the long form, such as URL or HTML). Examples: • class Raster; • class ImageSprite; Interface names should be capitalized like class names. For interface names, we follow the "I"-for-interface convention: all interface names are prefixed with an "I". For example, "IWorkspace" or "IIndex". This convention aids code readability by making interface names more readily recognizable. Additional rules: The names of exception classes (subclasses of Exception) should follow the common practice of ending in "Exception". Methods Sun's naming guidelines states Methods should be verbs, in mixed case with the first letter lowercase, with the first letter of each internal word capitalized. Examples: • run(); • runFast(); • getBackground(); Additional rules: 5. The named of methods should follow common practice for naming getters (getX()), setters (setX()), and predicates (isX(), hasX()). Variables Sun's naming guidelines states Except for variables, all instance, class, and class constants are in mixed case with a lowercase first letter. Internal words start with capital letters. Variable names should not start with underscore _ or dollar sign$ characters, even though both are allowed. Variable names should be short yet meaningful. The choice of a variable name should be mnemonic - that is, designed to indicate to the casual observer the intent of its use. One-character variable names should be avoided except for temporary "throwaway" variables. Common names for temporary variables are i, j, k, m, and n for integers; c, d, and e for characters. Examples: • int i; • char c; • float myWidth; Constants Sun's naming guidelines states The names of variables declared class constants and of ANSI constants should be all uppercase with words separated by underscores ("_"). Examples: • static final int MIN_WIDTH = 4; • static final int MAX_WIDTH = 999; • static final int GET_THE_CPU = 1; Plug-ins and Extension Points All plug-ins (and plug-in fragments), including the ones that are part of the Eclipse Platform, like the Resources and Workbench plug-ins, must have unique identifiers following the same style of naming convention as Java packages. For example, the workbench plug-in is named org.eclipse.ui. The names of a plug-in and the names of the Java packages declared within the code library of that plug-in commonly align. For example, the org.eclipse.ui plug-in declares
6. much of its code in packages named org.eclipse.ui.* . While alignment is the recommended practice, it is not an absolute requirement. For instance, the org.eclipse.ui plug-in also declares code in packages named org.eclipse.jface.*. The org.eclipse.ant.core plug-in declares code in packages named org.eclipse.ant.core and org.apache.tools.ant.*. The plug-in namespace is managed hierarchically; do not create plug-in without prior approval from the owner of the enclosing namespace. Extension points that expect multiple extensions should have plural names. For example, "builders" rather than "builder". System Files and Settings By convention, files or folders that start with a period ('.') are considered "system files" and should not be edited by users or, directly, by other components that do not "own" them. Of special note is the ".settings" folder in a workspace project. This folder holds various forms of preference or metadata specific to that workspace project. Files in this directory do not have to start with a period (they are assumed "system files" as they are in a "system folder") but they must follow the same naming conventions outlined elsewhere in this guide. That is, they must identify themselves with their Eclipse Project's namespace (e.g. org.eclipse.jdt, org.eclipse.jst, etc). and they should be as specific as possible to denote the package they come from, or the function they are serving. For example, org.eclipse.jdt.core.prefs org.eclipse.jst.common.project.facet.core.prefs org.eclipse.wst.common.project.facet.core.xml Two obvious exceptions to this convention are the .classpath and .project files, but ... that's just because they were the first, before the large community of Eclipse was grasped. Following these namespace guidelines will help avoid conflicts where two plugins or projects could accidently pick the same name for a metadata file.
8. The Workbench To start out, let's take a look at the Eclipse workbench user interface, and the various components within it. The workbench is a collection of windows. Each window contains a menu bar, a toolbar, a shortcut bar and one or more perspectives. A perspective is a visual container for a set of views and content editors. The views exist wholly within the perspective and are not shared, but any opened content editors are shared across perspectives. If two or more perspectives have the same view opened, they share the same instance of the view although its layout may differ in the perspectives. For perspectives in different Workbench windows, neither editors nor views are shared. A perspective is like a page within a book. It exists within a window along with any number