Definition of variables

Over the last two decades there has been a notable increase in the number of corporate governance codes and principles, as well as a range of improvements in structures and mechanisms. Despite this, corporate governance failed to prevent a widespread default of fiduciary duties of corporate boards and managerial responsibilities in the finance industry, which contributed to the 2007–2010 global financial crisis.
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Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Radiation Oncology cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: "Conformal radiotherapy for lung cancer: interobservers' variability in the definition of gross tumor volume between radiologists and radiotherapists...
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Basically 500 individuals were considered as sufficient to represent the national sample. The total sample size of 600 was reached considering the interviews completed during the pilot phase and the additional individuals for oversampling frequent car users. The sample size of 600 individuals for each country was chosen according to the budget available for the study. When a sample survey is organized for estimating a specific variable (e.g.
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In this paper firstly the definitions of partial derivatives of scalar functions, vector functions and matrix functions with respect to a vector variable are represented systematically. After an overview of the matrix calculus related to Kronecker products is presented. Two theorems which specify the relationship between the time derivative of a matrix and its partial derivative with respect to a vector, and the partial derivative of product of two matrices with respect to a vector, are then proved.
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In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Learn the definition of audit sampling and why auditors use sampling to gather evidence, understand basic sampling terminology, learn the types of audit procedures that do and do not involve sampling, learn the types of audit sampling, learn the sampling requirements in auditing standards.
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Econometricians, as well as other scientists, are engaged in learning from their experience and data  a fundamental objective of science. Knowledge so obtained may be desired for its own sake, for example to satisfy our curiosity about aspects of economic behavior and/or for use in solving practical problems, for example to improve economic policymaking. In the process of learning from experience and data, description and generalization both play important roles.
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Household and individual variables were collected using an extensive household survey that includes information on household structure, household consumption, expenditure, income, health indicators and educational attendance. The survey was conducted between June and October of 2002. In this subsection, we will comment on the main variables used in the analysis. Table 1 gives the descriptive statistics and definitions of the variables. Though the survey was administered to 122 municipalities, we can only have 102 in our estimating sample.
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We employ three different measures of performance: return on equity (ROE) which is defined as earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) divided by book value of shareholders‟ equity; return on sales (ROS), calculated as EBIT divided by total turnover; and Tobin‟s Q. 3 The latter indicator is calculated as the ratio of the firm‟s market capitalization to book value of equity. 4 We analyse the effect of IED using two definitions of variable IEit. First, we employ a dummy variable which takes the value of 1 if at least one nonexecutive director is also...
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(bq) part 1 book "fundamentals of compressible flow with aircraft and rocket propulsion" has contents: definitions and basic relations, the energy equation, rate equations for a control volume, is entropic flow with variable area wave motion, flow with normal shock waves, flow with oblique shock waves, flow in constant area ducts with friction.
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We introduce a firstorder version of Categorial Grammar, based on the idea of encoding syntactic types as definite clauses. Thus, we drop all explicit requirements of adjacency between combinable constituents, and we capture wordorder constraints simply by allowing subformulae of complex types to share variables ranging over string positions. We are in this way able to account for constructiods involving discontinuous constituents.
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In this paper, we investigate the problem of finding a fixed point of the nonsmooth function, max f1(x), f2(x),..., fn(x). First, we recall the definition of Newton derivative and examine some basic properties.
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In this paper, low discrepancy consecutive ksums permutation problem is considered. A mixed integer linear programing (MILP) formulation with a moderate number of variables and constraints is proposed. The correctness proof shows that the proposed formulation is equivalent to the basic definition of low discrepancy consecutive ksums permutation problem.
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The programmability of the industrial robot using computer software makes it both flexible in the way it works and versatile in the range of tasks it can accomplish. The most generally accepted definition of a robot is a reprogrammable, multifunction manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through variable programmed motions to perform a variety of tasks. Robots can be floorstanding, benchtop, or mobile.
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CHAPTER 2 ROBOT MECHANISMS INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS The programmability of the industrial robot using computer software makes it both flexible in the way it works and versatile in the range of tasks it can accomplish. The most generally accepted definition of a robot is a reprogrammable, multifunction manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through variable programmed motions to perform a variety of tasks. Robots can be floorstanding, benchtop, or mobile.
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Chapter 2 STABLE DISTRIBUTIONS ; ANALYTICAL PROPERTIES AND DOMAINS OF ATTRACTION § 1. Stable distributions Definition . A distribution function F is called stable if, for any a 1 , a2 0 and any b1 , b2 , there exist constants a 0 and b such that F(a l x+b l ) * F(a 2 x+b2) = F(ax+b) . (2.1 .1)
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Empirical models are fitted to experimental data to describe relationships between dependent and independent variables. By definition, they are best representations of the input:output data from which they were created. Also by definition....
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Figure 1016 Peripheral blood smear from a 5yearold G6PDdeficient boy with acute favism. A very small minority of subjects with G6PD deficiency have CNSHA of variable severity. The patient is always a male, usually with a history of NNJ, who may present with anemia or unexplained jaundice, or because of gallstones later in life. The spleen may be enlarged. The severity of anemia ranges from borderline to transfusiondependent. The anemia is usually normomacrocytic, with reticulocytosis. Bilirubin and LDH are increased.
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Real world concepts can be modeled in a computer program The program is made of objects with certain properties and operations that the objects can perform It is not important how an object is implemented, but what it does Every object is responsible for carrying out a set of related tasks. A class can contain data declarations and method declarations
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Weight loss procedures are being performed more frequently to treat morbid obesity, with a sixfold increase over a recent 7year time span; almost half of patients are women of reproductive age. The level of evidence on fertility, contraception, and pregnancy outcomes is limited primarily to case series and case reports. The evidence suggests that fertility improves after bariatric surgical procedures; however, data are too sparse to reach definite conclusions about the degree of improvement in fertility that is achieved.
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Assigned to the environment, external actors are mostly condensed under abstract definitions of heterogeneity, dynamism, or hostility (Papadakis et al., 1998). If addressed directly, current research frequently employs crosssectional content study designs that measure their impact on different dependent variables, such as: corporate strategy (Ring and Perry, 1985; Zajac and Shortell, 1989; Rugman and Verbeke, 1998); innovativeness (Marcus, 1981; Marcus, 1988); diversification (Russo, 1992; Kashlak and Joshi, 1994; Matsusaka, 1996); or organizational design (Dickie, 1984).
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