Diffusion in crystals

Xem 1-12 trên 12 kết quả Diffusion in crystals
  • : In this work, a new method for the growth of large CdS crystals into PdS/ZnS–CdS-type photocatalysts is presented. In order to accomplish this, in the first stage zinc sulphide was synthesised and hydrothermally crystallised. In the second stage, after PdS decoration, the recrystallised zinc sulphide was utilised as sulphur source for the synthesis of PdS/ZnS–CdS-type photocatalysts. The photocatalysts were characterised by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy.

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  • In this report, we presented the usage of Stober method to fabricate SiO2 nanospheres and self-assembly method to make SiO2 opal photonic crystals based on the fabricated SiO2 nanospheres. An averaged size of SiO2 nanospheres was controlled by varying concentrations of NH4OH and TEOS. Crystal structure and morphology of particles was investigated by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques.

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  • The effects of strain on the diffusion of impurities in silicon crystal are investigated using the statistical moment method (SMM). The influence of tensile strain on diffusion coefficient D is characterized by relaxation volume V r and migration volume V m. The numerical results for B and P diffusion in silicon that are performed and compared to experimental data show good agreement.

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  • Objective of the research was to validate the potential of Syzygium aromaticum and Kaempheria galanga against biofilm formation and plasmid borne drug resistance exhibited by Pseudomonas spp. Antimicrobial property of S.aromaticum and K.galanga on P.aeruginosa culture was assessed using the agar well diffusion method. Crystal violet assay was employed to determine the percentage inhibition of P.aeruginosa biofilm by the extracts following generation of biofilm on multiwell plates.

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  • Crystal-storing histiocytosis (CSH) is a rare lesion characterized by sheets of crystal-laden nonneoplastic histiocytes. CSH shows a prominent association with lymphoproliferative disorders that express monoclonal immunoglobulins, mainly multiple myeloma (MM), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS).

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  • Blades and vanes for gas turbines, usually made of Ni-based superalloys, are exposed at very high temperature in severe oxidation and corrosion environments. Nowadays, thermal barrier coating systems (TBCs) have been applied to protect them against such severe working conditions. In this study, Pt and PtIr diffusion coatings on Ni based single crystal superalloys were fabricated by an electroplating method followed by an annealing heat treatment process. The microstructure and phase constitution of the coatings were studied by SEM/EDS and XRD methods.

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  • The present investigation focused on the development of Diltiazem HCl (DTH) matrix film and its characterization by in-vitro, ex-vivo and in-vivo methods. Films were prepared by solvent casting method by taking different ratios of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose K4M (HPMC K4M) and Eudragit RS100.

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  • The fluorination of perlite granules and the immobilization of ZnO nanoparticles on the perlite surface were carried out at the same time by a simple impregnation method to create new highly photocatalytic materials which are easily separated from reaction solutions after treatment. The influence of perlite fluorination on the crystal structure, morphology, UVvisible absorption, and surface functional groups of ZnO, as well as on the ZnO content on perlite, was respectively characterized by XRD, FE-SEM, UV-Visible diffuse reflectance, FTIR and atomic absorption spectrometry.

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  • Ge is a potential candidate for the realization of Si-based light sources that are compatible with CMOS technology. Electron doping in Ge is an efficient method to modify its band gap structure to enhance the radiative recombination of Ge film. Post growth thermal treatment is a necessary step to activate the dopants and ameliorate the film’s crystal quality.

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  • Based on irreversible thermodynamics, a new approach to study sorption in polymer has been proposed [1]. This treatment gives a standpoint different from the existing sorption models [2 - 9] not only in interpretation and nature, but also in analytical expression. Moreover, the model also accounts for diffusion and the other internal processes stimulated by sorption such as swelling, plasticization, crystallization etc. Some experimental results of fluid sorption in polymer have been interpreted by this model.

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  • Owing to the diffusion ofmaterial fromone foil to another, no borderline limitations between single foils in terms of heat transfer exist any more. Thus, the thermal behavior of diffusion-bonded devices is superior in comparison to that of the devices manufactured by other bonding techniques. In Figure 1.13, the diffusion bonding process chain is shown clockwise, starting with the single foils stack of a cross-flow stainless steel device. Figure 1.14 shows a cut through a diffusion-bonded stainless steel device.

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  • This textbook has evolved from part of the first-year graduate curriculum in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) . This curriculum includes four required semester-long subjects- “Materials at Equilibrium,” “Mechanical Properties of Materials,” “Electrical, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Materials,” and “Kinetic Processes in Materials.

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