Nutrition and growth

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  • Second, we reestimate our baseline specification while adding control variables, ranging from initial fiscal and current account balances to initial bank credit risk and household debt levels. These could plausibly have both affected the growth forecast error and been correlated with fiscal consolidation forecasts. Not controlling for such factors could influence the estimated relation between fiscal consolidation forecasts and growth forecast errors. We find, however, that our results are robust to the introduction of such controls. ...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp đề tài:"Nutrition and growth in newly established plantations of Eucalyptus globulus in northwestern Spain"

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  • The most established nationwide medical registry in Germany is the Perinatal Registry, which collects maternal health records concerning pregnancy, delivery and perinatal outcome from now more than 1100 hospitals. Over the past 16 years, data collection was transformed from printed questionnaires to digital records. A special web-based information source of the German Perinatal Registry does not exist.

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  • The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) satellite mission (14) is one of the main sources of data about the early universe. Deciphering the CMB in terms of the density perturbations, gravity wave polarization, power spectrum and its various indices is a formidable task. It also requires the heavy CMB mathematical formalism based on General Relativity — see eg., the textbooks (17–19).

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  • Within sample schools, all students were included in the study. Each student completed a survey and an exam, both of which were administered in the fall of 1965. We will focus our analysis on sixth, ninth, and twelfth graders because these stu- dents’ birth cohorts (1948–1954) span most of the period during which television was introduced, and because exam style and for- mat were fairly similar across these different grades.

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  • Afar pastoralists live in the northeast of Ethiopia, confined to the most arid part of the country, where there is least access to educational, health and other social services. Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major public health problems in Afar region. Lack of knowledge about TB could affect the health-seeking behaviour of patients and sustain the transmission of the disease within the community. In this study, we assessed the knowledge and perception of apparently healthy individuals about pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in pastoral communities of Afar.

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  • According to the definition of herd behavior given above, herding results from an obvious intent by investors to copy the behavior of other investors. This should be distinguished from “spurious herding” where groups facing similar decision problems and information sets take similar decisions. Such spurious herding is an efficient outcome whereas “intentional” herding, as explained in Section I, need not be efficient.

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  • If possible, allow the solution to mix at room temperature for 24 hours. The solubility of the compound will dictate how much goes into solution, and for some of the compounds we have tested (e.g., nonylphenol) very little will dissolve. Once the concentrated solution is prepared, students should prepare the following dilutions (1:2, 1:10, and 1:100). Spring water will serve as the negative control (i.e., it should have no effect on sponge growth).

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  • Participatory mapping exercises began during the very first days of the survey with two women and men groups of villagers using two basic maps, assisted by two research members to explain the objectives of the exercise. They facilitated the process through discussion with villagers about which resources and land types to add to the basic maps. These maps were then put together to build a single map representing the perception of the overall community. During all our onsite activities, the map was available to any villager for adding features and making corrections.

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  • In the fully watered camel thyroid activity is higher in summer than in winter, but activity is reduced in camels deprived of water. The decline in activity is important because the generation of metabolic heat is reduced and respiratory water losses are also reduced. Chronic exposure to heat results in depressed thyroid activity as well as reduced plasma, cortisol and growth hormone concentrations and turnover rates. All three sources normally create heat and act in cooperation, so the net result of habituation to heat is some reduction in metabolic rate (Wilson, 1998). ...

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  • For WSP, the major sign of success is that HWI is not frequently mentioned as a separate project or program but that its methodology, tools, and lessons have been adopted by institutions which will continue to assign resources in the future. In 2007, WSP conducted a baseline assessment in Peru of nine dimensions considered essential to scaling up hand- washing with soap behavior change programs.

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  • In Istanbul we also committed ourselves to the goal of sustainable human settlements in an urbanising world by developing societies that will make efficient use of resources within the carrying capacity of ecosystems. In Norway - as in most industrialised countries – there is an increasing awareness of the importance of environmental protection. There are many examples of “good practices” and environmental sound conduct.

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  • By transforming the paradigm for how health develops, a life-course approach provides a strong public policy rationale for health systemtransformation. It dem- onstrates how disadvantage during childhood diminishes future prospects by re- ducing a child’s health potential, which in turn directly harms educational out- comes and future social competence and accelerates the acquisition and severity of health problems in later years. 9 This approach emphasizes investments focused on prevention, health promotion, and improving the conditions of children’s lives.

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  • The importance of SRH to the attainment of international development goals has not been adequately translated into action frameworks and monitoring mechanisms at international, regional and national levels. Advances have been hindered by the complexity of the concept. Different components of SRH fall within the province of different sectoral ministries, challenging coordinated national responses. Many national planners learned development economics before the recent analytical advances on the effect of age structures on poverty reduction.

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  • The additional material includes a new Background section, intended to provide a broad overview of breast cancer for non-clinicians; a new Topic 1, Primary care and the management of women at high risk; and a new Topic 8, Management of advanced, recurrent and metastatic disease. The topic areas and numbers therefore differ from the original Manual. Material in the Evidence sections of the topic areas is based on systematic reviews of research evidence carried out by the NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination.

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  • Moving to Rome, Italy, was a dream come true for me. My family roots are based in the north of Italy, but being anywhere in this beautiful country was an exciting prospect. My husband is a Foreign Service Officer and works at the embassy in Rome, where I first met the Global Employment Advisor, Loretta Dusini. I was excited to know that there was going to be someone who could help me find meaningful work, as I had lived abroad before (Moscow, Buenos Aires, and Prague) and being gainfully employed was not possible at that time since there...

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  • Common side effects of the anti-tuberculosis drugs should be described to the patient. The health care worker should also explain that if the patient experiences any side effects during the treatment, he or she should immediately report those side effects to the doctor or nurse. At every encounter, health care workers can ask patients, “How are you feeling?” or another general question such as, “Have you had any problems after taking the drugs?” Health care workers can help patients identify and manage side effects.

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  • Those parts and derivatives that are of the highest value due to scarcity of supply and/or high demand are subject to counterfeiting. Because the ingredients are not commonly in trade, it is easier for counterfeiters to convince buyers that they are the genuine articles, as they are not often seen. In fact, the fake ingredients are much more common, so much so that they may even be recognized as being genuine by those less experienced in traditional Asian medicine.

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  • These damaging effects of poverty on child health can be reduced by well designed policies. Various options have been reviewed by some of us. 22 Table 1 summarises approaches used in different countries to improve health inputs and services in poor populations, with emphasis on those related to child health. Several different—and generally complementary—approaches are possible. Improvement of knowledge and changing of behaviour among poor mothers has been achieved in many settings, in areas as diverse as handwashing for diarrhoea prevention and nutrition counselling.

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  • The average American consumes an estimated 50 tons of food in a lifetime. This staggering amount of food represents the sum of daily choices each of us makes regarding the type, quality, and quantity of foods. These critical choices in turn reflect a complex interplay of many factors, including family upbringing, religious or philosophical beliefs, as well as practical matters, such as the cost and availability of foods and beverages. Importantly, Americans are increasingly selecting food for health reasons.

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