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Rare earth elements

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  • Metallic fuel has been considered for sodium-cooled fast reactors because it can maximize the uranium resources. It generates rare earth elements as fission products, where it is reported by aggravating the fuelecladding chemical interaction at the operating temperature. Rare earth elements form a multicomponent alloy (CeeNdePreLaeSmeetc.) during reactor operation, where it shows a higher reaction thickness than a single element.

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  • Objectives of the dissertation: Successfully synthesis polymers containing suitable funtional groups to seperate the light rare earth element (La, Nd, Pr, and Ce); evaluted the efficiency of polymers on seperating light rare earth element; evaluated the ability of polymers on separating each of the rare earth metal ions on the ion exchange column.

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  • Volume 41 of the Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths adds four chapters to the series: two focus on nanoscale rare-earth mate- rials, while the other two are concerned with divergent topics—the arrangement of the rare-earth elements in the periodic table, and the higher order rare-earth chalogenide compounds with the elements of the 14th group and also In. The first chapter (248) discusses the various proposals suggested for the location of the rare-earth elements in the periodic table from the time of Mendeleev to the present day.

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  • The first chapter (236) in this volume of the Handbook on the Physics and Chem- istry of Rare Earth is a recapitulation of the scientific achievements and contri- butions made by the late Professor LeRoy Eyring (1919–2005) to the science of the lanthanide oxides in which the lanthanide element has a valence equal to or greater than three. Although LeRoy had a broad range of interests in the chemistry of the rare earths and actinides the main focus of his outstanding scientific career was concerned with the lanthanide higher oxides. This chapter was written by Dr.

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  • The water samples were taken from the streams, natural tap and thermal water intakes localized in the studied deposit and surrounding region. The 238U, 234U, 228Ra, 226Ra concentrations in the water samples were prepared by the adequate radiochemical procedures and measured using an alpha spectrometer coupled with silicon semiconductor detector and a/b liquid scintillation counter. In the stream water, the concentrations of both 226Ra and 228Ra vary from 100 to above 300 mBq/L, while in the natural tap and thermal waters they amount to tens mBq/L.

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  • 5 Calcium The rare earth element calcium is one of the most abundant elements in the lithosphere; it is readily available in most soils; and it is a macronutrient for plants, yet it is actively excluded from plant cytoplasm.

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  • The study on solvent extraction of rare earth elements such as Nd, Y from nitric acid solutions with triphenylphosphin oxide (TPPO) has been studies. The influence of various factors such as concentrations of triphenylphosphin oxide, nitric acid and rare earth elements on the distribution coefficient has been studied.

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  • The complexes Ln(Leu)3ImCl3.3H2O (Ln: Eu, Yb; Leu: L-leucine; Im: imidazole) have been synthesized and characterized by the elemental analysis method , IR spectra and thermal analysis. IR spectra indicated that the rare earth ions are coodinated by both the oxygen atom from the COOgroup and the nitrogen atom from the NH2 group from L-leucine and coodinated with the 3-nitrogen atom for imidazole. The complexes thermal dissociation.

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  • Melting parameter modeling shows the Nghia Dan melts generated from about 3 - 4% partial melting of a combined garnet- spinel- lherzolite source between a pressure range of 20 to 25 Kb (about 75 km deep). The parameters are consistent with the low SiO2 and high trace element, including the rare earth, contents in the Nghia Dan basalts. High FeO*, TiO2, CaO and Sr may also be a result of interaction with mafic components in the lithospheric mantle by the mantle-derived melts on the way to the surface.

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  • Assadi et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:357 http://www.nanoscalereslett.com/content/6/1/357 NANO REVIEW Open Access Structural and electronic properties of Eu- and Pd-doped ZnO Mohammad Hussein Naseef Assadi1,2, Yuebin Zhang2, Rong-Kun Zheng1, Simon Peter Ringer1 and Sean Li2* Abstract Doping ZnO with rare earth and 4d transition elements is a popular technique to manipulate the optical properties of ZnO systems. These systems may also possess intrinsic ferromagnetism due to their magnetic moment borne on 4f and 4d electrons.

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  • The complexes of some rare earths with DL-2-amino-n-butyric acid were synthesized. The solid complexes have the general formula [Ln(Hbu)4]Cl3 [Ln: Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd and Hbu: CH3CH2CHNH2COOH]. The structure of the complexes have been recognised by the basic of elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, IR spectra and thermal analysis methods. It was found that the DL-2-amino-n-buryic acid utilized amino nitrogen and carboxyl oxygen for bonding.

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  • Introduction Lead is a rare element present in the earth’s crust in a 1.4 Â 10À3% (w/w). It is a toxic heavy metal that exists only in a cubic close-packed metallic form. It shows the preference for the divalent state with electronic configuration [Xe]4f145d106s2 and low stability of the Pb–Pb covalent bond. Lead(IV) in solution is unstable (electronic configuration: [Xe]4f145d10). The most important Pb ore is galena (PbS). Other lead ores are anglesite (PbSO4), cerussite (PbCO3), mimetesite (Pb5(AsO4)3Cl), and pyromorphite (Pb5(PO4)3Cl). ...

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  • "In the time when nothing which was called heaven existed above, and when nothing below had as yet received the name of earth,* Apsu, the Ocean, who first was their father, and Chaos-Tiâmat, who gave birth to them all, mingled their waters in one, reeds which were not united, rushes which bore no fruit."** Life germinated slowly in this inert mass, in which the elements of our world lay still in confusion: when at length it did spring up, it was but feebly, and at rare intervals, through the hatching of divine couples devoid of personality and almost without form.

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