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Relaxing the assumptions

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  • This model relaxes the assumption, crucial to slab methods, that the stresses are uniformly distributed through the thickness of each material layer. Thus, our model is able to predict the through-thickness velocity and stress distributions.

    pdf10p guernsey 28-12-2021 9 0   Download

  • In this paper, we introduce the concept of generalized relaxed α-pseudomonotonicity for vector valued bi-functions. By using the KKM technique, we obtain some substantial results of the vector equilibrium problems with generalized relaxed α-pseudomonotonicity assumptions in reflexive Banach spaces. Several examples are provided to illustrate our investigations.

    pdf8p vinguyentuongdanh 19-12-2018 36 0   Download

  • In a recent paper, Ouyang et al. proposed a (Q,r,L) inventory model,with defective items in an arrival lot. The purpose of this study is to generalize Ouyang et al.’s model by allowing setup cost (A) as a decision variable in conjunction withorder quantity (Q), reorder point (r) and lead time (L). In this study, we first assumethat the lead time demand follows a normal distribution, and then relax this assumption by only assuming that the first two moments of the lead time demand are given. For each case, an algorithm procedure of finding the optimal solution is developed.

    pdf12p vinguyentuongdanh 20-12-2018 14 0   Download

  • contents: single-equation regression models, relaxing the assumptions of the classical model, topics in econometrics, simultaneous-equation models and time series econometrics,...

    pdf946p pnq9292 14-03-2017 84 10   Download

  • Journal writing is a technique that has been promoted by educators in many fields, including nursing, counseling and management, as a means of facilitating reflective practice and stimulating critical thinking (for a review see Bain et al., 1999). In the field of teacher education reflection is widely acknowledged and promoted as a criti- cal element in the professional development of teachers (Zeichner, 1992; Calderhead & Gates, 1993).

    pdf0p commentcmnr 03-06-2013 65 2   Download

  • The public and government need assurance that the desired outcomes and results are being achieved. Performance measures will be used to assess whether or not established outcomes (provincial and local) and policies have been met, and the relative success of government initiatives and programs. Goals, objectives, and performance targets will be jointly developed and continuously improved with other ministries, levels of government, the regulated community, NGO’s, aboriginal groups and the general public and will be enshrined in legislated government wide plans.

    pdf41p loixinloi 08-05-2013 33 2   Download

  • This paper examines unsupervised approaches to part-of-speech (POS) tagging for morphologically-rich, resource-scarce languages, with an emphasis on Goldwater and Griffiths’s (2007) fully-Bayesian approach originally developed for English POS tagging. We argue that existing unsupervised POS taggers unrealistically assume as input a perfect POS lexicon, and consequently, we propose a weakly supervised fully-Bayesian approach to POS tagging, which relaxes the unrealistic assumption by automatically acquiring the lexicon from a small amount of POS-tagged data....

    pdf9p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 45 1   Download

  • All rights reserved. World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857). Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to WHO Press, at the above address (fax: +41 22 791 4806; e-mail: permissions@who.int).

    pdf184p dacotaikhoan 25-04-2013 59 4   Download

  • Statistical ranking methods based on centroid vector (profile) extracted from external knowledge have become widely adopted in the top definitional QA systems in TREC 2003 and 2004. In these approaches, terms in the centroid vector are treated as a bag of words based on the independent assumption. To relax this assumption, this paper proposes a novel language model-based answer reranking method to improve the existing bag-ofwords model approach by considering the dependence of the words in the centroid vector. ...

    pdf8p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 36 1   Download

  • In order to clarify the assumptions underlying our empirical strategy, we present a model of wages as it relates to the decision to obtain an MBA. The decision to obtain an MBA is modelled similarly to the labor market program participation models discussed in Heckman et al. (1999). The purpose of the model is to clarify the assumptions under which the fixed effects estimate of the returns to an MBA can be appropriately interpreted as the treatment on the treated.

    pdf50p thieubaotrang 16-04-2013 65 3   Download

  • There are many changes to this chapter from the 3 edition. 1NF is now defined formally. Functional dependencies are now covered in this chapter, instead of Chap- ter 6. The reason is that normalization provides the real motivation for functional dependencies, since they are used primarily for normalization. We have described a simplified procedure for functional dependency inference based on attribute closure, and provided simplified procedures to test for normal forms.

    pdf71p nhacsihuytuan 13-04-2013 36 3   Download

  • In this paper, we focus our attention on providing a formal framework for expressing data mining tasks in- volving time granularities, and on proposing efficient algo- rithms for performing such tasks. To this end, we introduce the notion of an event structure. An event structure is essen- tially a set of temporal constraints on a set of variables representing events. Each constraint bounds the distance between a pair of events in terms of a time granularity.

    pdf29p giamdocamnhac 06-04-2013 128 4   Download

  • The PDC control unit performs a system test after the ignition has been turned on. The parking aid is ready for operation on successful completion of the system test. The parking aid is activated automatically by engaging reverse gear. A delay of approximately 1 second is programmed on both automatic and manual transmission vehicles. The purpose of the delay in activating the PDC when engaging reverse gear on vehicles with an automatic transmission is to prevent unintentional activation of the PDC when passing through the R-position when changing the drive stage.

    pdf17p nhacnenzingme 23-03-2013 46 3   Download

  • Comprehensive Car Insurance from Just Car Just Car comprehensive car insurance covers you for damage to your own car, as well as for any damage you may cause to the property of others. We understand how disruptive it is to be without your car after an accident. At Just Car we are committed to getting you mobile as quickly as possible and with minimum hassle. We choose the repairer Usually, the damage to your car will be repairable. If your car has been damaged and can be repaired, we ensure that the repair work is properly carried out. ...

    pdf36p nhacchovina 23-03-2013 53 3   Download

  • What does a Distributer do? While Distributers are invisible to most consumers their role is to bridge the geographical gap between producer and retailer. Supermarkets and department stores couldn't exist without a complicated distribution system, capable of moving enormous amounts of product from point A – the producer to point C – the consumer. Distributors add significantly to the cost of the products we buy but they deliver a valuable service in providing access to the marketplace so producers can focus their energies on manufacturing the product.

    pdf42p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 78 6   Download

  • The business view focuses on things that impact the profit and loss (P&L) accounting of an organization. This includes sales, profit, expenses, competition, and costs. Everyone should understand their P&L: it’s what pays their salaries or their contracts. When engineering teams are unaware of how their business works, many decisions made by management will appear illogical or stupid. Thus, it’s in the interest of whoever’s responsible for business planning to help others understand their reasoning.

    pdf75p tainhacmienphi 25-02-2013 46 4   Download

  • Clean energy group and smartpower do not assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or process that is referred to in this report. References in this report to any specific commercial prod- uct, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring neither by the united states government or any agency thereof nor of the individual members of the Clean energy states alliance.

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  • Welcome to the 137 Annual Westminster Kennel Club All Breed Dog Show – with history-making changes for 2013. If you’ve been here before, or if you are with us for the first time, we are delighted to present the Group and Best In Show competition to you in the evenings from Madison Square Garden once again, where we have been almost exclusively since 1877. But as you know by now, this year we have moved the daytime portion of our judging – the breed judging – a few blocks to the north to Piers 92/94 here in New York City....

    pdf36p doiroimavanchuadc 19-02-2013 46 4   Download

  • The text of this report was prepared by a team of authors from ITU’s Strategy and Policy Unit (SPU) led by Lara Srivastava, comprising Tim Kelly, Chin Yung Lu and Lucy Yu. The statistical tables were drawn from the ITU Information Society Statistics Database. Kenichi Yamada assisted with their compilation. The world map of Information Society Statistics was done by Youlia Lozanova. The cover design is by the ITU Publications Production Division. The report has benefited from the input and comments of many people to whom we owe our thanks.

    pdf135p bin_pham 05-02-2013 50 4   Download

  • Demonstrated Financial Need. Demonstrated financial need is the difference between the cost of attendance and the expected family contribution. (Financial Need = COA – EFC) Dependency Status. Students may be considered dependent or independent. Dependent students must provide financial information for their parents on the FAFSA. Independent students must provide financial information for their spouse, if any, on the FAFSA, but do not provide parental information.

    pdf20p doipassword 01-02-2013 46 5   Download

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