Stomach cancer

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  • (bq) part 2 book “cancer epidemiology and prevention” has contents: stomach cancer, small intestine cancer, biliary tract cancer, liver cancer, hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, bone cancers, soft tissue sarcoma, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, bladder cancer,… and other contents.

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  • Tumors of the Stomach Gastric Adenocarcinoma Incidence and Epidemiology For unclear reasons, the incidence and mortality rates for gastric cancer have decreased markedly during the past 75 years. The mortality rate from gastric cancer in the United States has dropped in men from 28 to 5.8 per 100,000 persons, while in women the rate has decreased from 27 to 2.8 per 100,000. Nonetheless, 21,260 new cases of stomach cancer were diagnosed in the United States, and 11,210 Americans died of the disease in 2007.

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  • The average annual incidence rates of certain cancers, including cervical, esophageal, liver, oral cavity and pharynx, and stomach cancer were significantly higher in the poorest areas in New Jersey as compared to the wealthiest areas. Among men, lung cancer incidence rates were significantly higher in the poorest areas, while lung cancer rates for women did not differ substantially among the three poverty area groups (areas with high poverty, medium poverty, and low poverty).

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  • The longer migrants live and adapt to their destination country, the more their cancer rates converge towards those in that country. This has been shown for stomach, colon and prostate cancer (McKay, 2003). Migrants from non-western countries to Europe were found to be more prone to cancers that are related to infections experienced in early life, such as liver, cervical and stomach cancer. In contrast, migrants of non-western origin were less likely to suffer from cancers related to a western lifestyle, e.g. colorectal and breast cancer (Arnold et al., 2010)....

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  • This book deals with problems which are sufficiently important to become the subject of studies. Cancer of the stomach remains one of the most pressing medical problems. Meanwhile, scientific and practical interest in this problem has markedly diminished during recent years. According to some experts, this can be explained first by the decreasing incidence of gastric cancer. But this concerns only some developed countries, where effective measures are taken for the prevention and early diagnosis of malignant tumors.

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  • Imatinib has also demonstrated targeted activity in other diseases, including gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), rare mesenchymal tumors of the GI tract (stomach and small intestine). The pathogenic molecular event for most patients with this disease is mutation of the proto-oncogene c-Kit, leading to the constitutive activation of this receptor tyrosine kinase without the binding of its physiologic ligand, stem cell factor. About 10% of GISTs encode activating mutations of the PDGFRα instead of c-Kit.

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  • Table 87-5 Hereditable (Autosomal Dominant) Gastrointestinal Polyposis Syndromes Syndrom e Distribu Histolo nant Malig Associated Lesions tion of Polyps gic Type Potential Familial adenomatous polyposis Large intestine a Adenom on Comm None Gardner's Large Adenom Comm Osteomas, syndrome and intestines small a on fibromas, lipomas, epidermoid cysts, ampullary cancers, congenital hypertrophy retinal of pigment epithelium Turcot's syndrome Large intestine a Adenom on Comm tumors Brain Nonpoly Large Adenom on Comm al Endometri and ovarian posis syndrome int...

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  • Gastric Adenocarcinoma: Treatment Complete surgical removal of the tumor with resection of adjacent lymph nodes offers the only chance for cure. However, this is possible in less than a third of patients. A subtotal gastrectomy is the treatment of choice for patients with distal carcinomas, while total or near-total gastrectomies are required for more proximal tumors. The inclusion of extended lymph node dissection in these procedures appears to confer an added risk for complications without enhancing survival.

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  • Hue Central Hospital is the place where the population-based cancer registry was carried out in Thua thien Hue Province. The purpose of this research was to determine the cancer incidence in the community, to contribute to the assessment of cancer burden in the whole country and to analyse the epidemiology characters of some popular cancers in this area.

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  • Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus — a long hollow tube that runs from your throat to your stomach. Your esophagus carries food you swallow to your stomach to be digested.

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  • everal advantageous effects of vitamin C on human health have been stressed, such as the relationship between high plasma vitamin C concentration and reduced gastric cancer risk found in EPIC study (Jenab et al., 2006). Besides the antioxidant activity of vitamin C, which may explain its protective role against gastric cancer risk, several other activities could play a role, such as its ability to modulate cell growth kinetics and its putative antimicrobial activity, for example against Helicobacter pylori, a bacteria responsible for chronic ulcer and even stomach cancer.

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  • Gastroesophageal (GAS-trow-ee-soff-uh-GEE-ol) reflux is a common digestive problem that happens when acid from the stomach flows back into the esophagus (ee-SOFF-uh-gus), the tube that leads the food from the mouth to the stomach. GER, also known as acid reflux, happens when a muscle at the bottom of the esophagus does not close properly. GER affects people of all ages from newborns to pregnant women to older adults.

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  • Socioeconomic disparities in cancer incidence and mortality in the United States persist and remain an urgent public health problem. Recent studies of cancer and both individual- and area- level socioeconomic status (SES) have found low SES or poverty to be associated with higher incidence of lung, cervical, stomach, oral, and esophageal cancer. 1-8 Also, a lower incidence of breast cancer and melanoma has been observed among persons residing in poorer areas.

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  • Eosinophilia Eosinophilia is the presence of 500 eosinophils per µL of blood and is common in many settings besides parasite infection. Significant tissue eosinophilia can occur without an elevated blood count. A common cause of eosinophilia is allergic reaction to drugs (iodides, aspirin, sulfonamides, nitrofurantoin, penicillins, and cephalosporins). Allergies such as hay fever, asthma, eczema, serum sickness, allergic vasculitis, and pemphigus are associated with eosinophilia. Eosinophilia also occurs in collagen vascular diseases (e.g.

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  • Helicobacter pyloriis a very successful human-specific bacterium world-wide. Infections of the stomach with this pathogen can induce pathologies, including chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers and even gastric cancer. Highly vir-ulentH.Tegtmeyer1,

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  • Nitrate, the most common form of nitrogen in surface and groundwater, is directly toxic to human health. In- fants who drink water with high nitrate levels can develop an acute, life-threatening blood disorder called blue baby syndrome. high nitrate levels in water can also affect thyroid function in adults and increase the risk of thyroid cancer. Phosphorus stimulates explosive blooms of aquatic algae, including the especially dangerous cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that produce toxins that can be deadly to pets, livestock, wildlife – and people.

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  • Mucins are large glycoproteins protecting mucosal surfaces throughout the body. Their expressions are tissue-specific, but in disease states such as cys-tic fibrosis, inflammation and cancer, this specificity can be disturbed. MUC5AC is normally expressed in the mucous cells of the epithelia lining the stomach and the trachea, where it constitutes a major component of the gastric and respiratory mucus.

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  • With a relatively high incidence and unique clinicopathological features, gastric lymphoma has recently become an important area of cancer research. In 1983, Isaacson and Wright described a group acquisition of gastric MALT in H pylori infection facilitates the of extranodal low-grade B-cell lymphomas derived from Peyer development of gastric MALT lymphoma.6 patch–like structures of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue(MALT)in the stomach, salivary glands, lungs and thyroid gland.

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  • (bq) “abc of the upper gastrointestinal tract” has contents: implications of dyspepsia for the nhs, epidemiology and diagnosis of helicobacter pylori infection, epidemiology and diagnosis of helicobacter pylori infection, upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage, cancer of the stomach and pancreas.

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