The developing countries

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  • It is widely accepted that technology is one of the forces driving economic growth. Although more and more new technologies have emerged, various evidence shows that their performances were not as high as expected. In both academia and practice there are still many questions about what technologies to adopt and how to manage these technologies.

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  • PUBLIC GOODS, PRIVATE INCENTIVES, AND AGRICULTURAL R&D: PRODUCTIVITY AND POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRY AGRICULTURE Like Baker, McMillan, and Reuben (2002), I identify parental valuations by the location of clusters of high income families: If parental preferences over communities depend exclusively on the effectiveness of the local schools, the most desirable—and therefore wealthiest—communities are necessarily those with the most effective schools.

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  • From the historical perspective, the two central problems facing most of the developing countries are: Who should bear the burden of the costs of development? and How should these costs be shared between those in the urban and rural sectors? The inevitable conflicts between the two have, in fact, been a long standing theme, reflected in the debates, in Britain over the Corn Laws, in the United States over industrial tariffs, and in Russia over the size of the "scissors." The book provides for the first time a unifying framework within which these questions can be systematically approached.

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  • TREE ESSAYS ON ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES This could be because effectiveness is swamped by the peer group in parental preferences or because it is difficult to observe directly. In either case, administrators who pursue unproductive policies are unlikely to be disciplined by parental exit and Tiebout choice can create only weak incentives for productive school management.

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  • MONEY DEMAND IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES : A DYNAMIC PANEL APPROACH Regardless of parental valuations, then, families always prefer a high-μ house to one with lower μ . Because willingness-topay for a preferred school is increasing in x, equilibrium is unique, with the ranking of districts by effectiveness is identical to that by the income of the resident family.

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  • This paper reviews the impacts of the changes on the main markets and examines the prospects for the market s and the source countries. The main conclusions are as follows: after the renewal of quantitative restrictions on Chinese garment exports were agreed with the US and the EU, the post-MFA surge in Chinese grment exports was significantly attenuated.

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  • After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Describe how the World Bank distinguishes between industrial advanced countries (high-income nations) and developing countries (middle-income and low-income nations), list some of the obstacles to economic development, explain the vicious circle of poverty that afflicts low-income nations,...

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  • After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Describe how the World Bank distinguishes between industrial advanced countries (high-income nations) and developing countries (middle-income and low-income nations), list some of the obstacles to economic development, explain the vicious circle of poverty that afflicts low-income nations, discuss the role of government in promoting economic development within low-income nations.

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  • This paper studies the contributions of the collaborative academic programs on developing countries in term of capacity building for universities, increasing number of public servants holding an international master degree trained in public management and contributions to Vietnam’s public sector reform which will increase transparency and promote anti-corruption efforts through public service officials for management positions.

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  • Gaps in the linkage of S&T with economy compared between developed and developing countries exists in a fairly sustainable way for many different reasons, such as internal limitation of developing countries, obstacles in dissemination of S&T achievements, intention of developed countries.

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  • This paper provides also policy makers, scientists and businessmen with a global and new visions to S&T development process to achieve green and sustainable growth. In the declining context of environment, natural resources and impacts from climate changes, the green growth has become an avoidable trend in the world. It becomes a huge challenge for all the nations, particularly for developing countries including Vietnam.

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  • This paper would put first accents to clarify certain aspects related to technological capabilities such as: What are technological capabilities? How to get them? Which problems do developing countries should pay attentions to in their efforts for development of technological capabilities, differently from developed nations? Where are the top key aspects of attentions of Vietnam in its efforts for development of technological capabilities in close future?

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  • Technology - development investment and firm Productivity in developing countries. This paperemp irically investigates the impact of IT facilities and develop ment investments on labor productivity to test the “productivity paradox ”, the interaction eff ects off irm-level contextual factors on this relationship , and the determinants of productivity for Vietnamese enterp rises.

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  • The roles of human and social capital in the development of manufacturing SMEs in Vietnam. Many studies show that promotion of the development of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries requires support for innovation. Nevertheless, there have been few rigorous studies about determinants of innovation carried out by SMEs, especially in transition economies.

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  • The last two decades have witnessed an extensive growth in foreign direct investment (FDI) flows to developing countries. This has been accompanied by an increase in competition amongst the developing countries to attract FDI, resulting in a rise in investment incentives offered by the host governments and removal of restrictions on operations of foreign firms in their countries. This has also led to an ever-increasing number of bilateral investment treaties (BITs) and regional agreements on...

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  • This paper considers the main elements of the standard pattern of fi nancial liberalization that has become widely prevalent in developing countries. The theoretical arguments in favour of such liberalization are considered and critiqued, and the political economy of such measures is discussed. The problems for developing countries, with respect to fi nancial fragility and the greater propensity to crisis, as well as the negative defl ationary and developmental effects, are discussed.

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  • With some six billion mobile subscriptions now in use worldwide, around three-quarters of the world’s inhabitants now have access to a mobile phone. Mobiles are arguably the most ubiquitous modern technology in some developing countries, more people have access to a mobile phone than to clean water, a bank account or even electricity. Mobile communications now offer major opportunities to advance human development from providing basic access to education or health information to making cash payments and stimulating citizen involvement in democratic processes.

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  • Assessing the Impact of Transport and Energy Infrastructure on Poverty Reduction Cynthia C. Cook Tyrrell Duncan Somchai Jitsuchon Anil Sharma Wu Guobao iii .© 2005 Asian Development Bank All rights reserved. Published 2005. Printed in the Philippines. Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Asian Development Bank Study of the effects of transport and energy infrastructure investments on poverty reduction ISBN: 971-561-580-5 Publication Stock No.

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  • This paper considers the main elements of the standard pattern of fi nancial liberalization that has become widely prevalent in developing countries. The theoretical arguments in favour of such liberalization are considered and critiqued, and the political economy of such measures is discussed. The problems for developing countries, with respect to fi nancial fragility and the greater propensity to crisis, as well as the negative defl ationary and developmental effects, are discussed.

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  • Populations in developing countries are growing so quickly that the land and water are unable to sustain them. In most developing countries, prime farmland and fresh water are already fully utilized. Although irrigation can be employed to bring land in arid areas into production, it often leads to salinization. In some countries, the amount of newly irrigated land is equalled by salinized irrigated land going out of production. Moreover, irrigation water is often drawn from river basins or aquifers shared by several countries, and friction over its use is common....

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