Over the centuries, from Edward Jenner to Bill Gates, as our scientific
understanding of diseases has increased, so has the focus on prioritizing
new vaccines to help achieve better health. Despite the expanding interest
in and support toward improving global health, constraints inherent to
vaccine development and delivery present decision makers with difficult
choices. Given the lack of effective tools and models to assist the decisionmaking
process, renewed attention is needed to improve the approaches
available for priority setting and for guiding investment decisions....
The failure to prevent the genocide in Rwanda in 1994 is the topic of this
book. In particular, the research focuses on why the early warnings of an emerging
genocide were not translated into early preventative action. The warnings
were well documented by the most authoritative source, the Canadian U.N.
peace-keeping commander Romeo Dallaire, and sent to the leading political
civil servants in New York. The communications and the decisionmaking
processes are scrutinized, i.e.
The T I P S T E R Text Summarization Evaluation (SUMMAC) has established definitively that automatic text summarization is very effective in relevance assessment tasks. Summaries as short as 17% of full text length sped up decisionmaking by almost a factor of 2 with no statistically significant degradation in Fscore accuracy. SUMMAC has also introduced a new intrinsic method for automated evaluation of informative summaries.
Increasingly, the U.S. Army and the Department of Defense as a whole are developing families of systems built around common components. To inform the Army’s decisionmaking process surrounding commonality, RAND Arroyo Center was asked to assess the advantages and disadvantages of commonality and how to best
3 Recording Financial Transactions and the Limitations of Accounting. In order to understand the scorekeeping process, we need to understand how accounting captures information that is subsequently used for planning, decisionmaking and control purposes.
What is Economics? Economics is not a natural science, i.e. it is not concerned with studying the physical world like chemistry, biology. Social sciences are connected with the study of people in society. It is not possible to conduct laboratory experiments, nor is it possible to fully unravel the process of human decisionmaking. “Economics is the study of how we the people engage ourselves in production, distribution and consumption of goods and services in a society.” Normative economics and Positive Economics: Normative economics refers to value judgments, e.g.
This report examines the Air Force’s training management and decision processes to determine the need for data to support informed decisionmaking. It briefly reviews training management systems and associated organizational arrangements in the other services and the private sector to draw insights for a model management system for the Air Force. Impediments to training planning and management in the current Air
Particularly if poverty reduction is the goal, listening to the poor, in-
volving them in decisionmaking, in the planning and implementation
of programs and projects that affect their lives is a must. Empowerment
of the poor is as critical to their well-being as giving them the projects,
investments, and programs to improve their quality of life.
Some of these insights implicitly or explicitly shape and influence the
thinking of social funds, but this is an evolving process. New insights
are made every day.
Network Centric Warfare, the new paradigm of future warfighting, will produce increased amounts of information, and new tools will be needed to better utilize that information. With the increase in the flows of information, decisionmaking tools and processes from the strategic to the tactical level will allow force elements to be used more effectively during a campaign.
This report from the National Committee on
Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS) outlines a
vision and a process for mobilizing the human,
institutional, and technological factors needed
to support health decisionmaking through a
National Health Information Infrastructure
(NHII). NCVHS, a public advisory committee,
is statutorily authorized to advise the Secretary
of Health and Human Services (HHS) on
national health information policy. It reports
annually to Congress on progress toward
privacy protection and administrative