This book has been outlined as follows: fabrication techniques followed by an analysis
on the physical properties of carbon nanotubes, including density of states and
electronic structures. Ultimately, the book pursues a significant amount of work in the
industry applications of carbon nanotubes. A list of the chapters is given below.
Electronics may be defined as the science and technology of
electronic devices and systems.Electronic devices are primarily non-linear devices such as
diodes and transistors and in general integrated circuits (ICs) in
which small signals (voltages and currents) are applied to them.
Of course, electronic systems may include resistors, capacitors
and inductors as well.
Food biochemistry principles and knowledge have become
indispensable in practically all the major disciplines of food science,
such as food technology, food engineering, food biotechnology,
food processing, and food safety within the past few
decades. Knowledge in these areas has grown exponentially and
keeps growing, and is disseminated through various media in
both printed and electronic forms, and entire books are available
for almost all the distinct specialty areas mentioned above.
The two areas of food biochemistry and food processing are
becoming closely interrelated....
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), discovered in 1991, have been a subject of intensive
research for a wide range of applications. Carbon nanotubes have emerged as the main
target of many researchers around the world in pursue to the next nanoscale device.
CNTs are one-dimensional (1D) graphene sheets rolled into a tubular form and due to
their exceptional electrical and mechanical properties, the possible application in a
wide spectrum of electron devices is certainly the focus of future research generations....
Nanomaterials, which are materials with structural units on a nanometer scale in at least one direction,
is the fastest growing area in materials science and engineering. Material properties become different
on the nanoscale: for example, the theoretical strength of materials can be reached or quantum effects
may appear. One-dimensional and quasi-one-dimensional materials such as nanotubes and nanowires
demonstrate many extreme properties that can be tuned by controlling their structure and diameter.
This book provides excellent review on the techniques for fabrication aimed to specific
applications for current technology. A tremendous amount of work is presented on
different modeling and simulation based on the applied semiconductor physics of
carbon nanotubes. In the past decades, although carbon nanotubes have undergone massive research,
considering the success of silicon, it has, nonetheless, been difficult to appreciate the
potential influence of carbon nanotubes in current technology....
Engineering is the integration of art and science and involves the use of systematic knowledge based on the
principles of mathematics and the physical sciences to design and develop systems that have direct practical
applicability for the benefit of mankind and society.With this philosophy in mind, the importance of the
engineering sciences becomes obvious, and this is especially true for the biomedical aspects, where the
implications are easily identifiable. Of all the engineering sciences, biomedical engineering is considered
to be the broadest.
Oscilloscopes are essential tools for checking circuit operation and diagnosing faults, and an enormous range of models are available. But which is the right one for a particular application? Which features are essential and which not so important? Ian Hickman has the answers.
This handy guide to oscilloscopes is essential reading for anyone who has to use a 'scope for their work or hobby: electronics designers, technicians, anyone in industry involved in test and measurement, electronics enthusiasts...
Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine is intended to serve as an authoritative reference for a wide
audience involved in research, teaching, learning, and practice of nanotechnology in life sciences.
Nanotechnology, which involves research on and the development of materials and species at length
scales between 1 to 100 nm, has been revolutionizing many important scientific fields ranging from
biology to medicine. This technology, which is at the scale of the building blocks of the cell, has the
potential of developing devices smaller and more efficient than anything currently available.
During the last three decades, important advances have been made in the
available treatments for the loss of skeletal tissue as a result of trauma or
disease. The application of large skeletal allografts and total joint replacement
have become successful and reproducible treatment options. Unfortunately
there still is a significant incidence of failure because of mechanical or
Electrochemistry, long-time corner stone for fundamental chemistry and physics, now
plays an important role in many areas of applied science and technology. A very broad
range of applications of electrochemical principles and technologies is found in materials
science. Electrochemical deposition of metals and alloys, formation of oxide films and
semi-conductors, corrosion and corrosion protection, new polymer materials that can
switch between metallic conductivity and semi-conducting properties, and new applications
in fast-evolving nanotechnologies are just some of the examples....
Readers of this book should have a strong background on physical electronics and
semiconductor device physics. Philanthropists and readers with strong background in
quantum transport physics and semiconductors materials could definitely benefit from
the results presented in the chapters focusing on the different applications of carbon
Various mesoscopic systems have their own unique characteristics, some of
which are of importance due to bridging function over classical and quantum
mechanics. It is quite natural that human beings living in macroscopic world
could hardly grasp the phenomena occurring in the microscopic world in an
intuitive manner. This situation offers a vital sense in the "observation" problem
necessarily accompanied with the classical means. The fundamental core of the
argument between Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen and Bohr starting in 1935 actually
lies in this point.
Crystallization is one of the most ancient and interdisciplinary topics of research known to mankind. Crystals can be organic or inorganic and may be produced from melts, liquid solutions, vapors or even in solid state. Notwithstanding its inherently high complexity, the crystallization process is part of our everyday lives, from ice making in our homes to the most state-of-the-art chemical and electronic industry.
I must, in particular, acknowledge
the courtesy of all the contributors in allowing me to organize their contributions in
producing a cohesive and correlated compilation, and to minimize overlaps between
closely related chapters. Molecular electronics provides means to
extend Moore’s Law beyond the foreseen limits of small-scale conventional silicon integrated
This book is a collection of some of the invited talks presented at the international
meeting held at the Max Planck Institut fiir Physik komplexer Systeme, Dresden,
Germany during August 6-30, 2001, on the rapidly developing field of nanoscale
science and bio-electronics (http://www.mpipks-dresden.mpg.de/~nanobio/).
Semiconductor physics has experienced unprecedented developments over the second
half of the twentieth century. The exponential growth in microelectronic processing
power and the size of dynamic memories has been achieved by significant downscahng
of the minimum feature size.
Work on Deisboeck and Kresh's Complex Systems Science in BioMedicine
started years ago. In fact, thoughts and ideas leading up to this textbook date
back to our first conversation, sometime in the fall of 1996. We quickly found
common ground, and talked about emergence and self-organization and their
relevance for medicine. We were both fascinated by the idea of complexity and
marveled about its tremendous possibilities for cancer research, which was then
and still is Tom's main scientific interest. Much has happened in science and
technology since we first discussed our vision.
In April 2000, the Japanese government established the National Strategy for
Industrial Technology in order to identify challenges and solutions for Japanese
industrial technology in the twenty-first century. The Second Science and Technology
Basic Plan, a five year plan that started in 2001, is a part of this national
strategy. According to this plan, a total of approximately $200 billion will be
invested in governmental research and development.
The human body is composed of structures organized in a hierarchical fashion: from
biomolecules assembled into polymers, to multimeric assemblies such as cellular organelles,
to individual cells, to tissues, to organ systems working together in health and
disease- each dominated by a characteristic length scale. Decades of science and engineering
are now converging to provide tools that enable the orderly manipulation of biological
systems at previously inaccessible, though critically important, length scales (...