Xem 1-20 trên 309 kết quả Spelling
  • For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org Page iii LEARNING EXPRESS SKILL BUILDERS PRACTICEbreak 1001 Vocabulary and Spelling Questions For more material and information, please visit Tai Lieu Du Hoc at www.tailieuduhoc.org Page iv Copyright © 1999 Learning Express, LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York.

    pdf209p thuyduong286 12-12-2009 526 485   Download

  • At its best, English spelling can be perplexing, especially for non-native speakers and writers. The following rules and suggestions are offered as aids. You will always be able to find exceptions to these rules, but most writers find them helpful.

    ppt14p yuki_snow_86 21-05-2009 412 206   Download

  • Ebook Spelling kinder Garten 1 is designed to reinforce essential skills. By complete this spelling workbook, your children will gain systematic pratice in the following concepts to develop important spelling skills. This book is good for kids.

    pdf46p thieulam5782 04-10-2015 35 14   Download

  • Ebook Spelling practice book Grade 1 helps you know short vowel /a/a; short vowel /i/i; digraph /k/ck; short vowel /o/o; variant vowel /ô/a (all; short vowel /e/e; digraph /th/th; short vowel /u/u; diphthong /ng/ng; digraph /sh/sh; digraphs /ch/ch, tch; digraphs /kw/qu, /hw/wh;...

    pdf110p thieulam5782 04-10-2015 33 10   Download

  • (BQ) Ebook Spelling practice book Grade 5 includes words with short vowels and vowel digraphs, words with long vowels and vowel digraphs, words with variant vowels and diphthongs, words with inflections -ed and -ing, words with consonant -le, words with vcccv, words with vcv and others.

    pdf136p thieulam5782 04-10-2015 24 7   Download

  • (BQ) Ebook Spelling practice book Grade 4 includes of words with Suffixes -ant, -ent, -eer, -ist, -ian; word Parts in-, out-, down-, up-; words with Suffixes -ation, -ition, -al, -ial; words with Suffixes in Combination; words with Silent Letters; words with Greek and Latin Word Parts; words with Prefix + base + Suffix.

    pdf136p thieulam5782 04-10-2015 28 7   Download

  • Sách học tiếng Anh cho trẻ em "Word work and spelling" là cuốn sách hữu dụng cùng với những hình ảnh sinh động, đơn giản, dễ hiểu giúp trẻ có khả năng phát triển tư duy, tiếp thu và học tiếng Anh một cách nhanh nhất, hiệu quả nhất. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.

    pdf48p thieulam5782 04-10-2015 16 7   Download

  • Spelling correction for keyword-search queries is challenging in restricted domains such as personal email (or desktop) search, due to the scarcity of query logs, and due to the specialized nature of the domain. For that task, this paper presents an algorithm that is based on statistics from the corpus data (rather than the query log). This algorithm, which employs a simple graph-based approach, can incorporate different types of data sources with different levels of reliability (e.g., email subject vs.

    pdf10p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 14 4   Download

  • This paper will discuss how to determine word stress from spelling. Stress assignment is a well-established weak point for many speech synthesizers because stress dependencies cannot be determined locally. It is impossible to determine the stress of a word by looking through a five or six character window, as many speech synthesizers do. Wellknown examples such as degrade / dbgradl,tion and tMegraph / telegraph5 demonstrate that stress dependencies can span over two and three syllables. This paper will pre~nt a principled framework for dealing with these long distance dependencies.

    pdf8p bungio_1 03-05-2013 17 4   Download

  • This paper describes a spelling correction system that functions as part of an intelligent tutor that carries on a natural language dialogue with its users. The process that searches the lexicon is adaptive as is the system filter, to speed up the process. The basis of our approach is the interaction between the parser and the spelling corrector. Alternative correction targets are fed back to the parser, which does a series of syntactic and semantic checks, based on the dialogue context, the sentence context, and the phrase context. phrases that are used in the correction process. ...

    pdf5p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 15 3   Download

  • The search in patent databases is a risky business compared to the search in other domains. A single document that is relevant but overlooked during a patent search can turn into an expensive proposition. While recent research engages in specialized models and algorithms to improve the effectiveness of patent retrieval, we bring another aspect into focus: the detection and exploitation of patent inconsistencies. In particular, we analyze spelling errors in the assignee field of patents granted by the United States Patent & Trademark Office.

    pdf10p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 14 3   Download

  • This paper describes the components used in the design of the commercial X u x e n I I spelling checker/corrector for Basque. It is a new version of the Xuxen spelling corrector (Aduriz et al., 97) which uses lexical transducers to improve the process. A very important new feature is the use of user dictionaries whose entries can recognise both the original and inflected forms. In languages with a high level of inflection such as Basque spelling checking cannot be resolved without adequate treatment of words from a morphological standpoint.

    pdf2p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 11 3   Download

  • One area in which artificial neural networks (ANNs) may strengthen NLP systems is in the identification of words under noisy conditions. In order to achieve this benefit when spelling errors or spelling variants are present, variable-length strings of symbols must be converted to ANN input/output form--fixed-length arrays of numbers. A common view in the neural network community has been that different forms of input/output representations have negligible effect on ANN performance.

    pdf3p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 12 2   Download

  • This paper presents a method for incorporating word pronunciation information in a noisy channel model for spelling correction. The proposed method builds an explicit error model for word pronunciations. By modeling pronunciation similarities between words we achieve a substantial performance improvement over the previous best performing models for spelling correction.

    pdf8p bunmoc_1 20-04-2013 9 2   Download

  • Spelling Mistakes .Bạn đã học tiếng Anh một thời gian khá lâu, bạn nắm ngữ pháp tốt, nghe nói cũng không tệ, nhưng mỗi lần viết luận là bạn như gặp ác mộng bởi vô sô những spelling mistakes. Vậy thì phải luyện tập thôi vì từ vựng tiếng Anh vốn là khó nhằn mừ. Nào hãy bắt đầu “chiến đấu” nhé! Chuẩn bị “vũ khí” Một quyển sổ tay mà bạn có thể mang theo bất cứ lúc nào.

    pdf6p hetmuonnoi 13-06-2013 23 2   Download

  • When we type text using a keyboard, we generate many spelling errors, both typographical (caused by the keyboard layout and hand/finger movement) and cognitive (caused by phonetic or orthographic similarity) (Kukich, 1992). When the errors are caught during typing, they are corrected on the fly, but unnoticed errors will persist in the final text.

    pdf5p nghetay_1 07-04-2013 4 1   Download

  • This paper explores the use of clickthrough data for query spelling correction. First, large amounts of query-correction pairs are derived by analyzing users' query reformulation behavior encoded in the clickthrough data. Then, a phrase-based error model that accounts for the transformation probability between multi-term phrases is trained and integrated into a query speller system.

    pdf9p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 13 1   Download

  • A query speller is crucial to search engine in improving web search relevance. This paper describes novel methods for use of distributional similarity estimated from query logs in learning improved query spelling correction models. The key to our methods is the property of distributional similarity between two terms: it is high between a frequently occurring misspelling and its correction, and low between two irrelevant terms only with similar spellings. We present two models that are able to take advantage of this property. ...

    pdf8p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 12 1   Download

  • The noisy channel model has been applied to a wide range of problems, including spelling correction. These models consist of two components: a source model and a channel model. Very little research has gone into improving the channel model for spelling correction. This paper describes a new channel model for spelling correction, based on generic string to string edits. Using this model gives significant performance improvements compared to previously proposed models.

    pdf8p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 21 1   Download

  • There are many challenging problems for Vietnamese language processing. It will be a long time before these challenges are met. Even some apparently simple problems such as spelling correction are quite difficult and have not been approached systematically yet. In this paper, we will discuss one aspect of this type of work: designing the so-called Vietools to detect and correct spelling of Vietnamese texts by using a spelling database based on TELEX code. Vietools is also extended to serve many purposes in Vietnamese language processing. ...

    pdf2p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 13 1   Download

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