Bài giảng Computer Organization and Architecture: Chapter 1

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Bài giảng Computer Organization and Architecture: Chapter 1

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  1. William Stallings Computer Organization and Architecture 6th Edition Chapter 1 Introduction
  2. Architecture & Organization 1 • Architecture is those attributes visible to the  programmer —Instruction set, number of bits used for data  representation, I/O mechanisms, addressing  techniques. —e.g. Is there a multiply instruction? • Organization is how features are implemented —Control signals, interfaces, memory technology. —e.g. Is there a hardware multiply unit or is it done by  repeated addition?
  3. Architecture & Organization 2 • All Intel x86 family share the same basic  architecture • The IBM System/370 family share the same  basic architecture • This gives code compatibility —At least backwards • Organization differs between different versions
  4. Structure & Function • Structure is the way in which components relate  to each other • Function is the operation of individual  components as part of the structure
  5. Function • All computer functions are: —Data processing —Data storage —Data movement —Control
  6. Functional view
  7. Operations (1) Data movement
  8. Operations (2) Storage
  9. Operation (3) Processing from/to storage
  10. Operation (4) Processing from storage to I/O
  11. Structure - Top Level Peripherals Computer Central Main Processing Memory Unit Computer Systems Interconnection Input Output Communication lines
  12. Structure - The CPU CPU Computer Arithmetic Registers and I/O Login Unit System CPU Bus Internal CPU Memory Interconnection Control Unit
  13. Structure - The Control Unit Control Unit CPU Sequencing ALU Login Control Internal Unit Bus Control Unit Registers Registers and Decoders Control Memory
  14. Outline of the Book (1) • Computer Evolution and Performance • Computer Interconnection Structures • Internal Memory • External Memory • Input/Output • Operating Systems Support • Computer Arithmetic • Instruction Sets
  15. Outline of the Book (2) • CPU Structure and Function • Reduced Instruction Set Computers • Superscalar Processors • Control Unit Operation • Microprogrammed Control • Multiprocessors and Vector Processing • Digital Logic (Appendix)
  16. Internet Resources - Web site for book • —links to sites of interest —links to sites for courses that use the book —errata list for book —information on other books by W. Stallings • —Math —How­to —Research resources —Misc
  17. Internet Resources - Web sites to look for • WWW Computer Architecture Home Page • CPU Info Center • ACM Special Interest Group on Computer  Architecture • IEEE Technical Committee on Computer  Architecture • Intel Technology Journal • Manufacturer’s sites —Intel, IBM, etc.
  18. Internet Resources - Usenet News Groups • comp.arch • comp.arch.arithmetic • • comp.parallel



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