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Đề thi thử ĐH môn Anh - THPT Lương Thế Vinh (2013-2014) đợt 3

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Đề thi thử ĐH môn Anh - THPT Lương Thế Vinh (2013-2014) đợt 3

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  1. SỞ GIÁO DỤC & ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC ĐỢT 3 (2013-2014) TRƯỜNG THPT LƯƠNG THẾ VINH-HÀ NỘI Môn thi: Tiếng Anh (Khối D/A1) ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút; (80 câu trắc nghiệm) Mã đề thi 314 (Thí sinh không được sử dụng tài liệu) Họ, tên thí sinh: .................................................................... Số báo danh: ............................. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions from 1 to 3. Question 1: A. horizon B. petroleum C. dioxide D. atmosphere Question 2: A. determine B. significant C. delicacy D. competitive Question 3: A. telegraphy B. telegraph C. telescope D. telegram Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions from 4 to 5. Question 4: A. choir B. chief C. chilly D. champion Question 5: A. explanation B. adventure C. addition D. acronym Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 6: - “Don’t you support the proposal to build a new airport?” - “__________.” A. No, not really B. No, I like it C. No, I don’t think you are right D. Yes, I’m against it Question 7: It was very __________ of you to notice that. A. observant B. observatory C. observation D. observe Question 8: There are many ________ on T.V where a team of people have to answer questions. A. quizzes B. inquiries C. puzzles D. riddles Question 9: - “Can I borrow some money from you?” - “You’re already in debt __________ me for sixty dollars.” A. for B. from C. to D. by Question 10: If you wait a moment, there will be another __________ of loaves, fresh from the oven. A. collection B. bunch C. batch D. bundle Question 11: I’d like to __________ a warm welcome to our visitors from abroad. A. extend B. prolong C. search out D. stretch Question 12: India is the country __________ he spent the early years of his life. A. at which B. where C. on which D. that Question 13: Many a candidate ________ unsuccessful in the oral test. A. were B. was C. aren’t D. weren’t Question 14: __________I can’t make the presentation myself, I’ve asked my assistant to be prepared to do it for me. A. For B. In the event that C. Only if D. On the other hand TRƯỜNG PTTH LƯƠNG THẾ VINH Trang 1/8 - Mã đề thi 314
  2. Question 15: “Why is everyone so busy?” – “They are tidying the showroom in case the managing director _________ in.” A. will drop B. would drop C. drops D. dropped Question 16: Mary appeared _________, but she wasn’t. She was only pretending. A. to asleep B. being asleep C. be asleep D. to be asleep Question 17: We don't __________ a charge __________repairs if the item is still under guarantee. A. take/of B. take/ for C. make/ for D. make/ of Question 18: “How would you like your tea?” - “ __________.” A. Thank you very much B. It’s fantastic. Thanks C. Yes, please. Thanks D. With milk, please Question 19: When the student got __________ the test, he gave it to the teacher. A. over with B. through at C. through with D. over Question 20: “__________” – “No, thank you. That’ll be all.” A. What would you like? B. It’s very kind of you to help me. C. What kind of food do you like? D. Would you like anything else ? Question 21: We still have a __________ chance of beating them if we keep our minds on the game. A. fighting B. successful C. struggling D. winning Question 22: News of the new pay agreement spread like ___________ throughout the factory. A. butter B. the plaque C. wildfire D. a flood Question 23: - “The instructions were in French, and I translated them into English for him.” - “You __________ them. He knows French.” A. didn’t need to translate B. shouldn’t have translated C. needn’t have translated D. can’t have translated Question 24: More than five thousand people __________ in the earthquake in Indonesia last year. A. was said to have died B. were said to die C. were said to be died D. was said to be died Question 25: ___________ his brother’s generous help, he __________ in such high social position. A. With/ wouldn’t have been B. Without/ won’t be C. But for/ wouldn’t be D. Apart from/ wouldn’t have been Question 26: The economic background of labor legislation will not be mentioned in his course, _________be treated. A. trade unionism will not B. nor will trade unionism C. nor trade unionism will D. neither trade unionism will Question 27:_________ have at least four hours of hazardous materials response training is mandated by federal law. A. All police officers B. All police officers must C. That all police officers D. For all police officers Question 28: Man is killing _________ all the fish in the sea. A. out B. away C. off D. up Question 29: __________ changed a lot in the last 30 years. A. Life has B. A life has C. The life has D. Lives have Question 30: Your mother told me that you were going to study abroad for four years, __________? A. didn’t she B. didn’t you C. were you D. weren’t you Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 40. MIND OVER MUSCLES TRƯỜNG PTTH LƯƠNG THẾ VINH Trang 2/8 - Mã đề thi 314
  3. If you’re lazy and not in good physical shape, then Dr. Guang Yue, an exercise physiologist, has come up with a theory that might be of (31) _________to you. His (32) _________ discovery is that the strength of our muscles can be improved without the need for physical activity. No longer do we have to go for long swims or have (33) __________workouts in the gym. It may seem improbable, but he says we can (34) ________ up our muscles simply by thinking about exercise. In Dr. Yue’s research, volunteers imagined they were moving their little fingers sideways, and found that the power of (35)__________ was enough to increase strength in those finger muscles. Then he asked volunteers to (36) __________ to themselves that they were moving their arm muscles in five training sessions a week. Remarkably, these volunteers experienced a rapid increase in the strength of their arms. But sports psychologists say that, while this research is significant, muscle strength is only one aspect of exercise, and we shouldn’t (37) __________ aerobic activity. We still need to look after our hearts by taking exercise that (38) ___________ our heart rate to 70% of its maximum for 20 minutes, three times a week. It would be (39) ___________ if people thought that exercise was (40) __________, and that they could keep fit while slumped on a sofa just thinking about exercise. Question 31: A. fascination B. appeal C. interest D. attraction Question 32: A. main B. extraordinary C. individual D. dear Question 33: A. hard B. strong C. forceful D. firm Question 34: A. develop B. grow C. build D. spread Question 35: A. idea B. thought C. brains D. mind Question 36: A. persuade B. pretend C. expect D. convince Question 37: A. cut out B. throw away C. look over D. switch off Question 38: A. jumps B. climbs C. leaps D. raises Question 39: A. anxious B. concerned C. worrying D. panicking Question 40: A. helpless B. incapable C. minor D. useless Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase closest in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions from 41 to 43. Question 41: The book received a lot of good reviews in the press, and went on to become one of the year’s best sellers. A. write-ups B. suggestions C. achievements D. supports Question 42: Uncontrolled corruption and abuse of power by officials eventually prompted new anti-corruption laws. A. disorganized B. rampant C. unorganized D. chaotic Question 43: It seems impossible for me to go to graduate school because I just can’t afford it. But I’m going to try. Where there’s a will, there’s a way. A. It doesn’t matter. B. Everything takes time. C. If you want something, you can do it. D. It has been going well up to now. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) opposite in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions from 44 to 45. Question 44: He was asked to disclose government secrets in exchange for money A. reveal B. release C. relieve D. conceal Question 45: Many students believe that doing voluntary work for charity is a pointless cause. A. worthless B. worthwhile C. useless D. valuable Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions from 46 to 50. TRƯỜNG PTTH LƯƠNG THẾ VINH Trang 3/8 - Mã đề thi 314
  4. Question 46: Thunder occurs as an electrical charge passes through air, causing the heated air to expand and colliding with layers of cooler air. A. as B. causing C. colliding D. to expand Question 47: During their first attempts as a song writer, George Gershwin diligently continued to study the piano, harmony, theory, and orchestration. A. their B. attempts C. continued D. theory Question 48: The bones of mammals, not alike those of other vertebrates, show a high degree of differentiation. A. alike B. those C. other D. differentiation Question 49: In return for an increased investment, the company offered unlimited returns for their investors. While many found such an offer irresistible, some thought the promises were inconvincing and were uncomfortable about parting with so much money. A. In return for B. many found C. promises were D. inconvincing Question 50: Overlooking the Hudson River in New York, the Cloisters includes parts several medieval monasteries and chapels brought from Europe. A. Overlooking B. includes C. parts D. brought Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the answer to each of the questions from 51 to 60. The word “biodiversity” is a term heard with increasing frequency in the ongoing debate over how best to protect the world’s environment, and more specifically, how to preserve its rapidly dwindling numbers of plant and animal species. In very general terms, “biodiversity” refers to the numbers plant and animal species that can be found in a particular habitat or ecosystem. This is apparently a very simple concept, but the simplicity of it belies its significance. A better popular understanding of the real meaning of biodiversity and of its importance to the circumstances in which we presently find ourselves is critical to the success of efforts to protect the environment, and therefore essential to our own survival. Global biodiversity, which is the total number of plant and animal species existing on the planet at any one time, can only be estimated; and only very roughly estimated at that. Undoubtedly, many species remain to be discovered. Some of these, such as insects and microscopic life, are small enough to have escaped our notice, while others dwell in areas we have only begun to explore; the species inhabiting the deepest ocean depths, for example. It must also be remembered that we are in the midst of a mass extinction event. Species are now disappearing at a rate estimated to be between 1,000 and 10,000 times faster than the average for the history of life on earth. Taken together, these two uncertain elements prevent the global biodiversity estimate from becoming much more than an educated guess. The current best estimate is somewhere in the neighborhood of 100 to 200 million species. This number, while it may be of some interest to nonscientists, isn’t of much real value to researchers. They are generally more concerned with local biodiversity. Despite the apparent enormity of the number of species that inhabit the earth as a whole, local biodiversity - the number of species found in any one habitat - fluctuates greatly as we cross the boundaries separating the ecosystems that make up the Earth’s biosphere. It reaches its highest levels on the coral reefs and in the tropical rain forests where there may be thousands of species per acre. Of course, it is this value - the measure of local biodiversity - that is most useful for anyone concerned with assessing the health of an ecosystem or protecting it from destruction. In measuring the biodiversity of a particular ecosystem, biologists are usually quite impartial when weighing the relative significance of each species. Most are assigned a value of one, the total number of species then representing the target value. However, there are two conditions under which one species may be weighted more heavily than others. This would certainly be the case for any species that by virtue of its genetic uniqueness would constitute a special loss to the global gene pool in the event of its extinction. The tuatara is a good example of just such a species. As the only surviving member of a TRƯỜNG PTTH LƯƠNG THẾ VINH Trang 4/8 - Mã đề thi 314
  5. family of reptiles that, except for it, died out 60 million years ago, the tuatara qualifies on grounds of genetic uniqueness to be weighted more heavily in calculating the biodiversity of its habitat. A species may be accorded bonus points in the biodiversity equation for another reason as well; it may be deemed more significant by virtue of the role it plays in the ecosystem. An example of this would be the California sea otter. [1] The preferred food of this species of marine mammal is the sea urchin; a marine invertebrate, which feeds on a certain type of sea grass known as kelp. [2] Were it not for the otter’s contribution in controlling the sea urchin population, the undersea kelp forest would surely be decimated by a dramatic increase in the population of sea urchins. [3] This would remove a key supporting element – the kelp – from the habitat of many fish and invertebrate species that depend on it. [4] This, in turn, would fundamentally alter an entire undersea habitat and undoubtedly put a risk a number of different species that have adapted to its peculiar characteristics. Therefore, the behavior of the otter in actively maintaining the local diversity of species dictates that it should be assigned a higher biodiversity value. Question 51: What was the author’s main purpose in writing the passage? A. To explain why biodiversity is essential to our survival. B. To explain the concept of biodiversity. C. To show why local biodiversity is more important than global biodiversity. D. To clarify the dangers that result from declining biodiversity. Question 52: The word “dwindling” in the passage is closest in meaning to A. extinct B. diverse C. proliferating D. diminishing Question 53: It is implied in the passage that we don’t have an accurate measure of global biodiversity because A. the number of species is constantly changing. B. populations of animals move from place to place. C. we don’t know the ecological role played by all species. D. the definition of biodiversity is not clear enough. Question 54: The word “enormity” in the passage is closest in the meaning to A. important B. quality C. vastness D. accuracy Question 55: According to the passage, the largest number of species would be found A. on the coral reefs. B. in the boundary areas between local systems. C. in the undersea kelp forests. D. in fresh water lakes and streams. Question 56: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT important in assessing biodiversity? A. The special function a particular species plays in an ecosystem. B. The number of species present in an ecosystem. C. The genetic uniqueness of the species within an ecosystem. D. The size of the area an ecosystem covers. Question 57: The author mentioned the sea urchin in the last paragraph in order to A. illustrate the richness of life in California waters. B. illustrate the special importance of a particular species. C. increase the reader’s awareness of the sea urchin’s endangered status. D. advocate the protection for the kelp forest environment. Question 58: The word “impartial” in the passage is closest in meaning to A. neutral B. subjective C. theoretical D. uncertain Question 59: Which of the following statements is supported by the passage? A. Local biodiversity may change, but global biodiversity does not. B. All species have the same significance when considering biodiversity. C. The concept of biodiversity is of little value to ecologists. D. The earth is experiencing a reduction in global biodiversity. TRƯỜNG PTTH LƯƠNG THẾ VINH Trang 5/8 - Mã đề thi 314
  6. Question 60: Look at numbers [1], [2], [3], [4] in paragraph 5 of the passage. Where would the following sentence best fit? The effect of this would be a dramatic loss of local biodiversity. A. [1] B. [2] C. [3] D. [4] Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the answer to each of the questions from 61 to 70. The organization that today is known as the Bank of America did start out in America, but under quite a different name. Italian American A.P. Giannini established this bank on October 17, 1904, in a renovated saloon in San Francisco’s Italian community of North Beach under the name Bank of Italy, with immigrants and first-time bank customers comprising the majority of his first customers. During its development, Giannini’s bank survived major crises in the form of a natural disaster and a major economic upheaval that not all other banks were able to overcome. One major test for Giannini’s bank occurred on April 18, 1906, when a massive earthquake struck San Francisco, followed by a raging fire that destroyed much of the city. Giannini obtained two wagons and teams of horses, filled the wagons with the bank’s reserves, mostly in the form of gold, covered the reserves with crates of oranges, and escaped from the chaos of the city with his clients’ funds protected. In the aftermath of the disaster, Giannini’s bank was the first to resume operations. Unable to install the bank in a proper office setting, Giannini opened up shop on the Washington Street Wharf on a makeshift desk created from boards and barrels. In the period following the 1906 fire, the Bank of Italy continued to prosper and expand. By 1918 there were twenty-four branches of the Bank of Italy, and by 1928 Giannini had acquired numerous other banks, including a Bank of America located in New York City. In 1930 he consolidated all the branches of the Bank of Italy, the Bank of America in New York City, and another Bank of America that he had formed in California into the Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association. A second major crisis for the bank occurred during the Great Depression of the 1930s. Although Giannini had already retired prior to the darkest days of the Depression, he became incensed when his successor began selling off banks during the bad economic times. Giannini resumed leadership of the bank at the age of sixty-two. Under Giannini’s leadership, the bank weathered the storm of the Depression and subsequently moved into a phase of overseas development. Question 61: According to the passage, Giannini A. opened the Bank of America in 1904. B. worked in a bank in Italy. C. set up the Bank of America prior to setting up the bank of Italy. D. later changed the name of the Bank of Italy. Question 62: Where did Giannini open his first bank? A. In New York City B. in what used to be a bar C. On Washington Street Wharf D. on a makeshift desk Question 63: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about the San Francisco earthquake? A. It happened in 1906. B. It occurred in the aftermath of a fire. C. It caused problems for Giannini’s bank. D. It was a tremendous earthquake. Question 64: The word “raging” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by A. angered B. localized C. intense D. feeble Question 65: It can be inferred from the passage that Giannini used crates of oranges after the earthquake A. to hide the gold. B. to fill up the wagons. C. to provide nourishment for his customers. D. to protect the gold from the fire. Question 66: The passage states that after his retirement, Giannini A. began selling off banks. B. caused economic misfortune to occur. TRƯỜNG PTTH LƯƠNG THẾ VINH Trang 6/8 - Mã đề thi 314
  7. C. supported the bank’s new management. D. returned to work. Question 67: The expression “weathered the storm of” in the last paragraph could best be replaced by A. found a cure for B. rained on the parade of C. survived the ordeal of D. blew its stack at Question 68: Where in the passage does the author describe Giannini’s first banking clients? A. Lines 2-5 B. Lines 7-8 C. Lines 12-13 D. Lines 14-16 Question 69: How is the information in the passage presented? A. In chronological order B. In order of importance C. A cause followed by an effect D. Classifications with examples Question 70: The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses A. bank failures during the Great Depression. B. a third major crisis of the Bank of America. C. the international development of the Bank of America. D. how Giannini spent his retirement. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is correct and closest in meaning to each of the following sentences from 71 to 75. Question 71: “I would suggest that we should try to get local support for the new motorway.” A. I suggested they should try to get local support for the new motorway. B. I wanted to know why shouldn’t we try to get local support for the new motorway. C. I suggested we should try getting local support for the new motorway. D. My suggestion was that we try to get local support for the new motorway. Question 72: “Don’t tell anyone or you will be sorry.” A. She said she was sorry as I didn’t tell her. B. I would be sorry if she didn’t tell me. C. She warned me not to tell anyone. D. She said that I should apologize to her. Question 73: Many people nowadays find it increasingly difficult to exist on the money they earn. A. Many people are getting less and less money from work, so they don’t have enough to live. B. Many people nowadays find it difficult to make both ends meet. C. The prices are getting higher and people can’t live with the money they earn. D. Many people nowadays do not live on the salary. Question 74: I wasn’t in the office yesterday, so you must have spoken to my assistant. A. I wasn’t in the office yesterday, so it was my assistant that you spoke to. B. I wasn’t in the office yesterday, so you couldn’t speak to me. C. I wasn’t in the office yesterday, so I couldn’t have spoken to you. D. I wasn’t in the office yesterday, so it must have been my assistant that you spoke to. Question 75: Customs officials are stopping more travelers than usual this week. A. An increased number of travelers are being stopped by customs officials this week. B. The increased number of travelers are being stopped by customs officials this week. C. An increased number of travelers stopped by customs officials this week. D. The increased number of travelers is being stopped by customs officials this week. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet that best combines the two sentences from 76 to 80. Question 76: He was suspected to have stolen credit cards. The police have investigated him for days. A. Suspected to have stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days. B. He has been investigated for days, suspected to have stolen credit cards. C. Suspecting to have stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days. D. Having suspected to have stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days. TRƯỜNG PTTH LƯƠNG THẾ VINH Trang 7/8 - Mã đề thi 314
  8. Question 77: Very few students understand his lecture. The subject of his lecture is very confusing. A. Very few students understand his lecture, the subject of which is very confusing. B. Very few students understand his lecture, of which subject is very confusing. C. The subject of his lecture, which very few students understand, is very confusing. D. The subject of his lecture, which is very confusing, very few students understand. Question 78: I didn’t know that you were at home. I didn’t visit you. A. If I knew that you were at home, I would visit you. B. If I had known that you were at home, I would have visited you. C. If I knew that you had been at home, I would have visited you. D. If I would know that you were at home, I visited you. Question 79: People make wine to enjoy themselves. It is wine that has bad effects on their mental and physical health. A. Despite making wine to enjoy themselves, it is wine that has bad effects on their mental and physical health. B. Despite having bad effects on their mental and physical health, people make wine to enjoy themselves. C. Although people make wine to enjoy themselves, it is wine that has bad effects on their mental and physical health. D. Both A & C are correct. Question 80: They were buying a cup of coffee. The public address system called out Nigel’s name. A. Just as they were buying a cup of coffee when the public address system called out Nigel’s name. B. As they were buying a cup of coffee then the public address system called out Nigel’s name. C. They were buying a cup of coffee when the public address system called out Nigel’s name. D. Just as the public address system called out Nigel’s name, they were buying a cup of coffee. ----------------------------------------------- ----------- THE END ---------- TRƯỜNG PTTH LƯƠNG THẾ VINH Trang 8/8 - Mã đề thi 314

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