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Lecture Glencoe world history - Chapter 20: Mass Society and Democracy (1870-1914)

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Lecture Glencoe world history - Chapter 20: Mass Society and Democracy (1870-1914)

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The Second Industrial Revolution transformed the Western industrialized societies. Cities grew, mass forms of culture and politics emerged, and the revolutionary ideas of Marx, Darwin, Freud, and others left an enduring mark. Chapter overviews: The growth of Industrial Prosperity, The Emergence of Mass Society, the national state and democracy, toward the modern consciousness.

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Nội dung Text: Lecture Glencoe world history - Chapter 20: Mass Society and Democracy (1870-1914)

  1. Chapter Introduction Section 1: The Growth of Industrial Prosperity Section 2: The Emergence of Mass Society Section 3: The National State and Democracy Section 4: Toward the Modern Consciousness Visual Summary
  2. What events can affect the entire world? The 1900 World’s Fair in Paris celebrated the achievements of the 1800s. The fair showcased inventions of the Second Industrial Revolution, especially those using the newly discovered power of electricity. In this chapter, you will learn about the causes and effects of the Second Industrial Revolution. • Name another event that draws participants from around the world. What is the significance of the event? • What are some technologies invented in your lifetime? How have they influenced your life?
  3. The Growth of Industrial Prosperity In what ways did industrialization affect the economies of European countries and the United States?
  4. The Emergence of Mass Society What benefits do people enjoy today in part because of the Second Industrial Revolution?
  5. The National State and Democracy What factors might contribute to a failure of democracy?
  6. Toward the Modern Consciousness How might art, science, and thought of this era be characterized?
  7. The BIG Idea New Technologies Industrialization led to dramatic increases in productivity and to new political theories and social movements.
  8. Content Vocabulary • assembly line • proletariat • mass production • dictatorship • bourgeoisie • revisionists Academic Vocabulary • financier • transition
  9. People and Places • Thomas Edison • Alexander Graham Bell • Guglielmo Marconi • Karl Marx
  10. Our society is a classless society. A. Agree B. Disagree A. A B. B 0% 0%
  11. The Second Industrial Revolution In Western Europe, the introduction of electricity, chemicals, and petroleum triggered the Second Industrial Revolution, and a world economy began to develop.
  12. The Second Industrial Revolution (cont.) • In the Second Industrial Revolution there was greater use of steel, chemicals, petroleum, and electricity. • Electricity was a new form of energy that gave way to many new inventions. • In the United States Thomas Edison created the light bulb, and homes, businesses, and factories used the affordable resource for convenience and productivity.
  13. The Second Industrial Revolution (cont.) • Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, and radio pioneer Guglielmo Marconi sparked a revolution in communications. • The internal-combustion engine revolutionized transportation with the automobile, while the airplane made its appearance as well. Industrialization of Europe By 1914
  14. The Second Industrial Revolution (cont.) • Prices for produced goods decreased as a result of lower production and transportation costs. The assembly line allowed for more efficient mass production of goods. • In Europe, nations in the north and west had a higher standard of living for their citizens, while the southeastern regions of Europe remained largely agricultural and rural, with lower standards of living.
  15. The Second Industrial Revolution (cont.) • By 1900, a true world economy was occurring. Europe dominated this global economy by the beginning of the twentieth century.
  16. Which of the following nations did not directly benefit from the Second Industrial Revolution? A. Belgium B. France A. A C. Germany B. B D. Russia 0% C. 0% C 0% 0% D. D
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