Prevalence of pulmonary

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  • In sub-Saharan Africa, as high as 2/3 of tuberculosis patients are HIV/AIDS co-infected and tuberculosis is the most common cause of death among HIV/AIDS patients worldwide. Tuberculosis and HIV co-infections are associated with special diagnostic and therapeutic challenges and constitute an immense burden on healthcare systems of heavily infected countries like Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis and their immunologic profiles among HIV positive patients.

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  • Partnering with celebrities has been another critical element to the success of the YouthAIDS model. In order to deepen these partnerships, the YouthAIDS team has taken many trips into the field with celebrity ambassadors, corporate partners and individual donors. On these trips, the team not only promotes the work of YouthAIDS and PSI globally, but also highlights programming at the local level. By harnessing the power of celebrity, the YouthAIDS team attracts a large volume of local press and donor interest.

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  • Each group member should document their activities. This is important as human memory is shaky at best and it is likely that each team member will be required to recall details of their activity. There is nothing more frustrating to a manager than to hear an employee say, "I can't remember what I did." If one can't remember, how can the team trust that what they did was correct? Documentation is the responsibility of the team members and will often be a saving grace for them. It is likely that surprises and conflicts may occur during the course of the...

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  • It was easy to learn that she was not the Princess. I did that by going into a stationer's shop and asking for a photograph of the royal lovers. It was not quite so easy to find out who she was, without pinning my new secret on my sleeve; but luckily everyone in Biarritz boasted knowledge of the King's affairs, and the affairs of the pretty Princess. Christopher Trevenna made himself agreeable after dinner to the lady with the nose, who would probably have shrunk away in fear if she had known that she was talking with the Marqués de Casa Triana.

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  • order to combat rising inflationary pressures, monetary tightening remains In underway in the US. The Federal Open Market Committee has raised the target for the Federal Funds rate by ¼ point at each of its meetings since June 2004, to reach 4.5 per cent in January 2006. This reflects a cumulative rise of 350 basis points. The ECB has also raised rates by 50 basis points since our last forecast, having held the interest rate on the main refinancing operations in the Euro Area stable at 2 per cent since June 2003. We have...

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  • Pasture has a pH of 7, which is neutral. However, starch digestion from low fibre grain results in acid build up, thus lowering rumen pH. To maintain healthy rumen the diet of a dairy cow requires adequate amounts of physically effective fibre. Physically effective fibre is obtained from feed such as hay, silage and other forages. Farmers must be cautious when adding silage to the diet as it has a naturally lower pH of 4.5 due to the fermentation process. As a result many feed rations may be inadvertently lowering rumen pH...

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  • The picture of the Brazilian pulp and paper sector presented in this section is useful to qualify the preliminary hypotheses pointed out above based on the general review of the literature on FDI sustainable development impacts. The Brazilian pulp and paper sector is presently composed by 220 firms widely located in 16 Brazilian states. To give an idea about this sector importance for the Brazilian economy, in 2005: this sector directly employed 108.000 workers; it produced 10.1 millions tons of pulp and 8.6 millions tons of paper, corresponding to 1.4% of the GDP.

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  • Given the extensive literature on risk premia in equity markets, relatively little is known about expected returns and risk premia in the corporate bond market. Recent empirical evidence by Elton et al. (2001) suggests that corporate bonds earn an expected excess return over default-free government bonds, even after correcting for the likelihood of default and tax differences. As shown by Elton et al. (2001), part of this expected excess return is due to the fact that changes in credit spreads (if no default occurs) are systematic, implying that the risk of these changes should be priced.

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  • Moreover, the question of whether and over what time frame negative (positive) externalities might be eliminated (rewarded), or how these externalities are an element of the company’s business model, is up for debate. For example, companies that actively invest in technologies to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or to develop products to help their customers reduce their GHG emissions, make a bet on regulators imposing a tax on GHG emissions.

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  • For the executive, physical needs have probably already been satisfi ed in the preceding middle management career and are not relevant. Security is arguably reduced for the executive, due to higher risk of dismissal for poor performance. Satisfaction of the need for belonging is also questionable, as the holding of the power to discipline or dismiss other employees in a fi rm pre- sumably reduces the ties of friendship to them.

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  • Institutional information: An accredited residency program must operate under the authority and control of a single sponsoring institution, and that institution must document its commitment to provide the necessary educational, financial, and human resources to support GME. (See IR I.A. and IR I.B.) Master affiliation agreements are legal documents between the institution that sponsors the program(s) and Review Committee-approved participating sites to which the residents rotate for required educational experiences.

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  • In  cases  where  a  country  received  an  insufficient  survey  response,  the  projection  base  included  respondents from the country’s continent.  A weighting system was employed to emphasize responses  from the particular country.      Caution  is  urged  when  comparing  against  prior  years,  because  studies  such  as  this  can  experience  substantial  variances  within  specific  procedures.

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  • Most nonprofit personnel are clearly dedicated to helping their clients and communities. Outcome management, however, can encourage nonprofit staff (and volunteers) to maintain an explicit, continuous focus on results (outcomes) and program improvement. Outcome measurement is intended to provide an independent and objective assessment of the extent to which clients have been helped and to identify problem areas. To encourage staff to pursue continuous learning and continuous improvement efforts, the following actions might be considered....

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  • Asthma is a serious global health problem. People of all ages in countries throughout the world are affected by this chronic airway disorder that, when uncontrolled, can place severe limits on daily life and is sometimes fatal. The prevalence of asthma is increasing in most countries, especially among children. Asthma is a significant burden, not only in terms of health care costs but also of lost productivity and reduced participation in family life.

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  • My statement today is primarily based on our prior work related to the department’s efforts to achieve audit readiness, implement modernized business systems and a business enterprise architecture, and reengineer its business processes. In addition, we are providing information on DOD’s updated plans for achieving auditability presented at a February 2012 briefing.

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  • As companies refocus their attention on growth, many find they are held back by the very thing that should be propelling them forward: their sales force. For too many organizations, this critical function is hampered by ineffective sales people and with the expensive drag of turnover. It’s a problem that has held the attention of executives for many years—but one that also has gone largely unsolved.

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  • When his two older brothers, Fred and Leopold, enlisted in the army during the Boer War (1899-1902), the thrill-packed letters home were too much to resist, and one night fourteen-year-old Victor ran away from home and joined the Life Guards. He never fought, however, as his father promptly secured his release from military service. While in the Guards, Victor first learned to use his fists to protect himself, developing an interest in boxing, and becoming the regimental champion.

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  • During the development of the GCAP, many people gave their time and ideas. More than 35,000 people from around the world participated in the process online, through social media, and in face-to-face workshops or events. More than 9,500 people, most of whom lived in Vancouver, actively added their ideas, insights, and feedback to help determine the best path to achieve this plan. Participants oten asked how they could begin to take these ideas and make them real in their own backyards, in their neighbourhoods, and in their businesses.

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  • In Europe, ambient concentrations of PM10 have been monitored in some urban networks since 1990, but there is currently no coherent overall European PM10 data set, mainly because PM10 has only been systematically monitored in a few member states. In addition, there is, as yet, no standardised method for monitoring PM10 across Europe, although standardisation of PM10 measurement methods is under development (cf. CEN/TC 264/WG6).

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  • While these fi gures show that engagement priorities are shifting, marketers also understand the importance of integrating communications across all of these channels—not managing each independently—to deliver a more consistent and personalised buying experience to consumers. “Our go-to-market strategy is to win wherever people shop,” says Alex Tosolini, vice-president of global e-business at Procter & Gamble (P&G). “As more people move their shopping habits online, we want to be present when and where they want to make a purchase.

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