The credit crisis

Xem 1-20 trên 99 kết quả The credit crisis
  • The recent credit crisis in the United States ushered in a new era of uncertainty. In some ways it was just another bubble in a long line of fi nancial manias. Like any other bubble, it was born out of an extended period of easy money that fueled prosperity, engendered speculation, and ended in a spectacular crash. In some very important ways, however, the lingering impacts are different than the bubbles of recent memory.

    pdf254p baobinh1311 25-09-2012 56 7   Download

  • (bq) part 1 book "options futures and other derivatives" has contents: mechanics of futures markets, hedging strategies using futures, determination of forward and futures prices, interest rate futures, securitization and the credit crisis of 2007, mechanics of options markets, employee stock options,...and other contents.

    pdf453p bautroibinhyen21 14-03-2017 35 2   Download

  • This paper examines the relationship between trade credit and bank loan during the financial crisis using annual data on Tunisian exporting companies over the period 2005- 2011. Results based on 2SLS regression have shown that trade credit and bank credit were simultaneously determined and maintained a complementary effect before 2008 financial crisis.

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  • When I first started writing about credit scores more than a decade ago, few people knew what these three-digit numbers were or how they worked. Today most people have at least a vague understanding that credit scores are important. But they often don’t realize how important—until they get turned down for a loan or an apartment, or wind up paying more interest or higher insurance premiums than they expected.

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  • The first time a money market fund broke the buck was in 1994, when the Denver-based Community Banker’s U.S. GovernmentMoney Market Fund reported aNAVof $0.96. It had themisfortune of owning securities that fell sharply in value during the rapid rise in interest rates that year. Because this was a small fund held by a small number of institutional shareholders, the impact was limited. It wasn’t until the credit crisis of 2008 hit that a fund broke the buck in a dramatic way. This was the Reserve Primary Fund—the first money market fund in the United States.

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  • It is highly likely that by augmenting the amount of funding available to banks, securitization activity had a significant and positive impact on credit growth during the years prior to the credit crisis (Loutskina and Strahan, 2009, Altunbas et al., 2009). In a number of countries experiencing a period credit growth, securitization activity probably strengthened the feedback effect between increases in housing prices and the credit expansion.

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  • The current financial crisis occurred after a long and remarkable period of growth and innovation in our financial markets. New financial instruments allowed credit risks to be spread widely, enabling investors to diversify their portfolios in new ways and enabling banks to shed exposures that had once stayed on their balance sheets. Through securitization, mortgages and other loans could be aggregated with similar loans and sold in tranches to a large and diverse pool of new investors with different risk preferences.

    pdf64p mebachano 01-02-2013 57 3   Download

  • This event is most important for the Social Network of Latin America and the Caribbean. The network has allowed La Red Social to cooperate among various countries in the struggle against poverty. It recently also completed an important study of the potentials and the limitations of social funds. Social funds, created as instruments of the social policy pursued by each country, were designed to mobilize resources rapidly for the financing of social action programs.

    pdf32p thangbienthai 22-11-2012 44 2   Download

  • If you are not currently a citizen of the United States or lawfully within the country, you are still allowed to access civil courts to petition for protective relief. Every abused person, regardless of citizenship, is entitled to apply for a protection order. Non-citizens should consult an attorney knowledgeable in immigration law before seeking a protection order from the courts. Legal issues related to immigration status may arise during issuance or enforcement.

    pdf6p enter1cai 12-01-2013 32 1   Download

  • The financial crisis has affected all aspects of the global economy and has certainly exacerbated the social and economic conditions that young people are experiencing in many European countries.

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  • Access to credit is considered vital for small business survival. Many small-business owners in the United States indicate that one major obstacle to entry or expansion of their small business is the availability of sufficient intermediate and long-term capital to support their working capital and fixed-assets requirements. Relying on small business lending data from 2003 to 2009 collected under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA), the paper examines small and medium-sized enterprise access to credit in the United States and makes policy and research recommendations.

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  • On September 15, 2008, Lehman Brothers, the fourth-largest U.S. investment bank, filed for bankruptcy, marking the largest bankruptcy in U.S. history and the burst of the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis. Concerns about the soundness of U.S. credit and financial markets led to tightened global credit markets around the world. Spreads skyrocketed. International trade plummeted by double digits, as figure O.1 illustrates. Banks reportedly could not meet customer demand to finance international trade operations, leaving a trade finance “gap” estimated at around $25 billion.

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  • The authors study the effect of financial crises on trade credit in a sample of 890 firms in six emerging economies. They find that although provision of trade credit increases right after the crisis, it consequently collapses in the following months and years. The authors observe that firms with weaker financial position (for example, high pre-crisis level of short-term debt and low cash stocks and cash flows) are more likely to reduce trade credit provided to their customers.

    pdf383p quatet 08-01-2013 65 8   Download

  • This paper considers the main elements of the standard pattern of fi nancial liberalization that has become widely prevalent in developing countries. The theoretical arguments in favour of such liberalization are considered and critiqued, and the political economy of such measures is discussed. The problems for developing countries, with respect to fi nancial fragility and the greater propensity to crisis, as well as the negative defl ationary and developmental effects, are discussed.

    pdf31p thuytinh_den 11-07-2010 87 6   Download

  • Given the unprecedented—by recent standards—financial crisis that has devastated the world financial system and extended its reach into a number of other sectors, political risk insurance has become even more relevant. At the same time, questions remain as to whether PRI really covers those risks that investors need covered the most.

    pdf663p enterroi 02-02-2013 49 6   Download

  • (bq) part 1 book "fundamentals of futures and options markets" hass contents: mechanics of futures markets, hedging strategies using futures, interest rates, determination of forward and futures prices, interest rate futures, securitization and the credit crisis of 2007,...and other contents.

    pdf339p bautroibinhyen27 11-05-2017 35 5   Download

  • In recent years, Japan’s major corporations have increasingly relied on the corporate bond market as a source of debt finance. From 1996 to 1998, the issuance of corporate bonds increased more than 46 percent, from 30.8 trillion yen to about 45 trillion yen (Table 1).1 At the same time, loans from Japan’s banking sector decreased about 17 trillion yen. As the corporate bond market grew, the spreads between the yields on Japanese corporate and government bonds widened dramatically.

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  • The economies of different countries have been affected with different degrees of intensity according to their exposure to some of the main drivers of the financial crisis. 1 Securitization, which has been largely blamed as one of the main contributors to the financial meltdown, is an important example in place. While in some countries, securitization played a very large role, in other nations the resort to activities in these markets was insignificant from a macroeconomic perspective.

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  • An important feature in many countries is the role of securitization in the lending and housing prices boom and burst. At the macroeconomic level, the dynamics of the relationship between lending, housing prices and securitization have been largely unexplored although a rising interest has recently emerged with the financial crisis. There is an empirical literature studying the interaction of lending and housing prices both at the international (Hofmann, 2001; Tsatsaronis and Zhu, 2004) and the individual country levels (Gerlach and Peng, 2005; Gimeno and Martínez-Carrascal, 2005).

    pdf44p enterroi 01-02-2013 35 4   Download

  • This paper makes a case that the global imbalances of the 2000s and the recent global financial crisis are intimately connected. Both have their origins in economic policies followed in a number of countries in the 2000s and in distortions that influenced the transmission of these policies through U.S. and ultimately through global financial markets. In the U.S., the interaction among the Fed’s monetary stance, global real interest rates, credit market distortions, and financial innovation created the toxic mix of conditions making the U.S.

    pdf70p mebachano 01-02-2013 44 4   Download



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