Treatment of osteomyelitis

Xem 1-20 trên 22 kết quả Treatment of osteomyelitis
  • The pathogenesis of osteomyelitis is a complex process involving interactions between a host and an infectious agent. The host’s inflammatory response to a pathogen can further the physical spread of disease by clearing space in bone. Predisposing genetic differences in immune function are increasingly seen as an aetiological factor in some cases of osteomyelitis. Acquired factors such as diseases causing immune or vascular compromise and implantation of foreign materials are frequently involved in the disease process as well. ...

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  • Managing with diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is challenging. Even after infective bone resection and thorough debridement, DFO is still difficult to cure and has a high recurrence rate. This retrospective study aims to compare the outcomes of two treatment methods, infected bone resection combined with adjuvant antibiotic-impregnated calcium sulfate and infected bone resection alone, for the treatment of diabetic foot osteomyelitis.

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  • Chronic hematogenous osteomyelitis often results from the improper treatment of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis. At present, there is lack of uniform standards for the treatment, and the clinical features of the disease are unclear.

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  • We evaluated treatment of osteomyelitis in the foot in the presence of Charcot neuroarthropathy, a devastating condition with progressive degeneration and joint destruction. We hypothesized that there was a difference in (1) amputation rate, (2) amputation level, (3) duration of antibiotic therapy, and (4) duration of immobilization for treatment of osteomyelitis within versus outside the Charcot zone.

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  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment of fibular osteomyelitis by Ilizarov bone transport. Our study suggested that Ilizarov bone transport may be a good choice for the treatment of fibular osteomyelitis, especially for the patient with distal fibular loss.

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  • The progression of disease in localized osteomyelitis is characterized by a cycle of microbial invasion, vascular disruption, necrosis and sequestration. The host inflammatory response, discussed in detail below, results in obstruction of small vessels due to coagulopathy and oedema. As a result of this, cortical bone undergoes necrosis and is detached from surrounding live bone, creating an area known as a sequestrum. This provides a fertile environment for further bacterial invasion and progression continues.

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  • Contiguous-Focus Osteomyelitis Even when diagnosed early, contiguous-focus osteomyelitis usually requires surgery in addition to 4–6 weeks of appropriate antibiotic therapy because of underlying soft tissue infection or damage to bone from an injury or surgery. A 2-week course of antibiotics after thorough debridement and soft tissue coverage has yielded adequate results in the treatment of superficial osteomyelitis involving only the outer cortex of bone.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Successful treatment of Mycobacterium ulcerans osteomyelitis with minor surgical debridement and prolonged rifampicin and ciprofloxacin therapy: a case report

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  • Table 120-2 Selection of Antibiotics for Treatment of Acute Osteomyelitis Suggested Regimena Organism Primary Alternativesb Staphylococcus aureus Penicillin- Nafcillin or oxacillin, 2 g Cefazolin, 1 g IV resistant, methicillin- IV q4h q8h; ceftriaxone, 1 g IV q24h; clindamycin, 900 mg IV q8hc sensitive (MSSA) Penicillinsensitive Penicillin, 3–4 million U IV q4h Cefazolin, ceftriaxone, clindamycin (as above) Methicillinresistant (MRSA) Vancomycin, 15 mg/kg Clindamycinc (as IV q12h; rifampin, 300 mg PO above); linezolid, 600 q12h (see text) mg IV or PO q12hd; daptomycin,...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Successful treatment of perineal necrotising fasciitis and associated pubic bone osteomyelitis with the vacuum assisted closure system

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  • Melioidosis is a systemic infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. It produces overlapping clinical manifestations which is indistinguishable from other diseases. Melioidosis of the bone and joint infections present chronically with relapses and recurrences. It is most of the time misdiagnosed as tuberculosis due to overlapping clinical, histopathological and radiological features. We have presented here a case report of an elderly Malaysian driver, who was a diabetic and presented with features of osteomyelitis. It was initially diagnosed as tubercular osteomyelitis.

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  • Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone caused by bacteria. Osteomyelitis is one of the most severe complications that can arise following trauma or surgical treatment of bone. The present study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Thrissur from April 2010 to March 2011and the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of different aerobic bacteria causing post-traumatic osteomyelitis and the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates.

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  • Cement spacers (Masquelet technique) have traditionally been used for the treatment of segmental bone defects. However, no reports have used cement spacers for the treatment of small/partial segmental bone defects associated with osteomyelitis and compared the outcomes with cement beads.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 120. Osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis: Introduction Osteomyelitis, an infection of bone, is caused most commonly by pyogenic bacteria and mycobacteria. As a useful framework for evaluating a patient and planning treatment, cases are classified on the basis of the causative agent; the route by which organisms gain access to bone; the duration of infection; the anatomic location of infection; and the local and systemic host factors that have a bearing on pathogenesis and outcome.

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  • Non fermenter Gram negative bacilli were considered as contaminants or commensals of little significance1. However, recent literature review shows that these organisms are now associated with life-threatening infections such as Septicemia, Pneumonia, Urinary Tract Infection, Meningitis, Surgical Site Infection, Ventilator Associated Pneumonia, Wound Infection, Osteomyelitis etc. Carbapenemases are diverse enzymes that vary in their ability to hydrolyze Carbapenems and other beta lactams.

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  • It’s difficult to diagnose and treat synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteomyelitis (SAPHO) syndrome due to its rare and unknown pathogenesis. There is no effective treatment for SAPHO syndrome and the consequences of empirical treatment are unpredictable.

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  • Chronic post-traumatic and postoperative osteomyelitis is a refractory disease which results in significant morbidity and mortality. The effect of combination therapy with vancomycin-loaded calcium sulfate and vancomycin-loaded polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was unknown.

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  • Implant-related osteomyelitis is a major complication that requires immediate treatment, often involving removal of the implant, prolonging patient recovery and inflating expenses. Current research involving interventions to diminish the prevalence of such measures include investigating prophylactic and therapeutic remedies.

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  • Osteomyelitis is a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. There is a lack of scientific evidence to guide treatment. The purpose of this study was to report the clinical outcome of unplanned retention of antibioticimpregnated cement spacer (ACS) in the management of osteomyelitis.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis in childhood: prospective follow-up during the first year of anti-inflammatory treatment...

    pdf11p thulanh14 19-10-2011 40 3   Download



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