Variations

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  • Many mechanics and physics problems have variational formulations making them appropriate for numerical treatment by finite element techniques and efficient iterative methods. This book describes the mathematical background and reviews the techniques for solving problems, including those that require large computations such as transonic flows for compressible fluids and the Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible viscous fluids.

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  • There are lexical, syntactic, semantic and discourse variations amongst the languages used in various biomedical subdomains. It is important to recognise such differences and understand that biomedical tools that work well on some subdomains may not work as well on others. We report here on the semantic variations that occur in the sublanguages of two biomedical subdomains, i.e. cell biology and pharmacology, at the level of named entity information.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Psychology themes and variations" has contents: Evolution of psychology, the research enterprise in psychology, the biological bases of behaviour, sensation and perception, variations in consciousness, learning, human memory, language and thought.

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Psychology themes and variations" has contents: Intelligence and psychological testing, motivation and emotion, human development across the life span; personality: theory, research, and assessment; stress, coping, and health; psychological disorders; social behaviour.

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  • Statistical models in machine translation exhibit spurious ambiguity. That is, the probability of an output string is split among many distinct derivations (e.g., trees or segmentations). In principle, the goodness of a string is measured by the total probability of its many derivations. However, finding the best string (e.g., during decoding) is then computationally intractable. Therefore, most systems use a simple Viterbi approximation that measures the goodness of a string using only its most probable derivation.

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  • A two-tier model for the description of morphological, syntactic and semantic variations of multi-word terms is presented. It is applied to term normalization of French and English corpora in the medical and agricultural domains. Five different sources of morphological and semantic knowledge are exploited (MULTEXT, CELEX, AGROVOC, WordNetl.6, and Microsoft Word97 thesaurus).

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  • Chapter 11 - Genome-wide variation and trait analysis. This chapter presents the following content: Genetic variation among individual genomes, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and small-scale-length variations, deletions or duplications of a DNA region, positional cloning: from DNA markers to disease-causing genes, genome-wide association studies.

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  • Chapter 19 - Variation and selection in populations. This chapter involves the study of how genetic laws impact the genetic makeup of a population. Mendelian principles are the basis for the Hardy-Weinberg law which allows one to calculate allele and genotype frequencies from one generation to the next. The Hardy-Weinberg law can be used only if other forces are not acting on the allele frequency. Those forces include selection, migration, mutation, and population size.

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  • Tài liệu Variations on the Canon giới thiệu tới các bạn bản nhạc Variations on the Canon. Mời các bạn tham khảo để biết được giai điệu của bản nhạc. Tài liệu phục vụ cho các bạn chuyên ngành Âm nhạc và những bạn quan tâm tới lĩnh vực này.

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  • Bayesian approaches have been shown to reduce the amount of overfitting that occurs when running the EM algorithm, by placing prior probabilities on the model parameters. We apply one such Bayesian technique, variational Bayes, to the IBM models of word alignment for statistical machine translation.

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  • Variational EM has become a popular technique in probabilistic NLP with hidden variables. Commonly, for computational tractability, we make strong independence assumptions, such as the meanfield assumption, in approximating posterior distributions over hidden variables. We show how a looser restriction on the approximate posterior, requiring it to be a mixture, can help inject prior knowledge to exploit soft constraints during the variational E-step. We show that empirically, injecting prior knowledge improves performance on an unsupervised Chinese grammar induction task. ...

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  • For example, the company name create multilingual translation lexicons with “Sony” is transliterated into “新力” (xinli) in Tairegional variations. We propose a transitive wan and “索尼” (suoni) in mainland China. Such translation approach to determine translation terms, in today’s increasingly internationalized variations across languages that have insuffiworld, are appearing more and more often.

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  • Language variationists study how languages vary along geographical or social lines or along lines of age and gender. Variationist data is available and challenging, in particular for DIALECTOLOGY, the study of geographical variation, which will be the focus of this paper, although we present approaches we expect to transfer smoothly to the study of variation correlating with other extralinguistic variables.

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  • This study was conducted to determine the influence of raw material variation, equipment process variables and device stability on the drying process of rambutan seed using oven and microwave drying equipments. The raw material variations studied were skin colour (yellow and fully red), storage period (fresh and stored) and seed mass (5 and 10 g),... Invite you to consult the documentation.

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  • The maximum lag effects were 3 weeks for temperature and humidity, 4 weeks for precipitation, and 6 weeks for SOI. Specifically, the relative risk of HFMD increased by 7.2 % for every 1°C increase .in temperature, 6.75 % for every 1 % increase in humidity, 6.32 % for every 5 mm increase in precipitation, 4.42 % for every 5 units increase in SOI. The study provided a quantitative evidence that the increase of HFMD was significantly affected by the increase of climate variations

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  • This work aims to investigate the feasibility of application of gamma scattering technique for inspecting density variation in some construction objects by Monte-Carlo simulation method. The gamma-ray sources of different energies and strengths have been used to extract the information of density variation for interior of sample by recording the backscattering gamma-rays with a gamma-ray detector. The results of our simulations confirm that the resolution for density variation in the inspected objects is quite good.

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  • When a slender body moves very fast through water at sufficient speed the cavity phenomena is happened. In a cavity model the bodys lengths and cavitator diameter are determined by the differential variation optimal method so that the velocity of body is maximum.

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  • In this paper, we concern on the properties of epi/hypo convergence to apply these results on optimization proplems in two last sections. Next we move on to the main results that are approximations of typical and important optimization related problems on metric space in terms of the types of variational convergence are equilibrium problems, and multiobjective optimization. When we applied to the finite dimensional case, some of our results improve known one.

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  • The scope of the series covers the entire spectrum of solid mechanics. Thus it includes the foundation of mechanics; variational formulations; computational mechanics; statics, kinematics and dynamics of rigid and elastic bodies; vibrations of solids and structures; dynamical systems and chaos; the theories of elasticity, plasticity and viscoelasticity; composite materials; rods, beams, shells and membranes; structural control and stability; soils, rocks and geomechanics; fracture; tribology; experimental mechanics; biomechanics and machine design.

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  • The wide geographical distribution of the rice plant ( Oryza sativa L.) and its long history of cultivation in Asian countries have led to the development of a great diversity of varietal types. Similarly, workers in various rice-growing countries use different terms to designate identical morphological and physiological characters, agronomic traits, gene symbols, and cultural practices. Whereas varietal diversity in germ plasm is desired in rice breeding, variations in nomenclature hinder scientific communication among the workers.

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