intTypePromotion=2
Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [banner_id] => 141
            [banner_name] => KM2 - Tặng đến 100%
            [banner_picture] => 986_1568345559.jpg
            [banner_picture2] => 823_1568345559.jpg
            [banner_picture3] => 278_1568345559.jpg
            [banner_picture4] => 449_1568779935.jpg
            [banner_picture5] => 
            [banner_type] => 7
            [banner_link] => https://tailieu.vn/nang-cap-tai-khoan-vip.html
            [banner_status] => 1
            [banner_priority] => 0
            [banner_lastmodify] => 2019-09-18 11:12:45
            [banner_startdate] => 2019-09-13 00:00:00
            [banner_enddate] => 2019-09-13 23:59:59
            [banner_isauto_active] => 0
            [banner_timeautoactive] => 
            [user_username] => minhduy
        )

)

Chapter 047. Hypercalcemia and Hypocalcemia (Part 4)

Chia sẻ: Thuoc Thuoc | Ngày: | Loại File: PDF | Số trang:5

0
39
lượt xem
3
download

Chapter 047. Hypercalcemia and Hypocalcemia (Part 4)

Mô tả tài liệu
  Download Vui lòng tải xuống để xem tài liệu đầy đủ

Table 47-2 Causes of Hypocalcemia Low Parathyroid Hormone Levels (Hypoparathyroidism) Parathyroid agenesis Isolated DiGeorge syndrome Parathyroid destruction Surgical Radiation Infiltration by metastases or systemic diseases Autoimmune Reduced parathyroid function Hypomagnesemia Activating CaSR mutations High Parathyroid Hormone Levels (Secondary Hyperparathyroidism) Vitamin D deficiency or impaired 1,25(OH)2D production/action Nutritional vitamin D deficiency (poor intake or absorption) Renal insufficiency with impaired 1,25(OH)2D production Vitamin D resistance, including receptor defects Parathyroid hormone resistance syndromes PTH receptor mutations Pseudohypoparathyroidism (G protein mutations) Drugs Calcium chelators Inhibitors of bone resorption (bisphosphonates, plicamycin) Altered vitamin D metabolism (phenytoin, ketoconazole) Miscellaneous causes Acute pancreatitis Acute rhabdomyolysis ...

Chủ đề:
Lưu

Nội dung Text: Chapter 047. Hypercalcemia and Hypocalcemia (Part 4)

  1. Chapter 047. Hypercalcemia and Hypocalcemia (Part 4) Table 47-2 Causes of Hypocalcemia Low Parathyroid Hormone Levels (Hypoparathyroidism) Parathyroid agenesis Isolated
  2. DiGeorge syndrome Parathyroid destruction Surgical Radiation Infiltration by metastases or systemic diseases Autoimmune Reduced parathyroid function Hypomagnesemia Activating CaSR mutations High Parathyroid Hormone Levels (Secondary Hyperparathyroidism)
  3. Vitamin D deficiency or impaired 1,25(OH)2D production/action Nutritional vitamin D deficiency (poor intake or absorption) Renal insufficiency with impaired 1,25(OH)2D production Vitamin D resistance, including receptor defects Parathyroid hormone resistance syndromes PTH receptor mutations Pseudohypoparathyroidism (G protein mutations) Drugs Calcium chelators
  4. Inhibitors of bone resorption (bisphosphonates, plicamycin) Altered vitamin D metabolism (phenytoin, ketoconazole) Miscellaneous causes Acute pancreatitis Acute rhabdomyolysis Hungry bone syndrome after parathyroidectomy Osteoblastic metastases with marked stimulation of bone formation (prostate cancer) Note: CaSR, calcium sensor receptor; PTH, parathyroid hormone.

CÓ THỂ BẠN MUỐN DOWNLOAD

AMBIENT
Đồng bộ tài khoản