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Tiếng Anh - Các dạng bài tập ngữ âm và từ vựng: Phần 1

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Ngữ âm là dạng bài tập khiến thí sinh hay bị mất điểm nhất. Vì dù có ôn luyện kỹ đến đâu đi chăng nữa thì bạn cũng sẽ vẫn cảm thấy lúng túng khi trong bài thi xuất hiện những từ vựng có hình thức quá mới mẻ. Tài liệu Các dạng bài tập ngữ âm và từ vựng tiếng Anh sau đây sẽ cung cấp cho các bạn những dạng bài tập về ngữ âm và từ vựng, giúp bạn có thể tự ôn luyện một cách hiệu quả. Tài liệu được chia thành 2 phần, sau đây là phần 1, mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.

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Nội dung Text: Tiếng Anh - Các dạng bài tập ngữ âm và từ vựng: Phần 1

  1. TR A N M A N H T U O N G r \ a - T a i lieu d a n h c h o g ia o vien, h o c sin h - G iu p on thi tot n g h ie p p h o thong, dai hoc, c a o d lin g - B a i ta p Crng d u n g m N H A X U A T B A N D A I H O C SU P H A M r
  2. C A C D AN G BAI T A P n g l Ta m v A ti/ vung t i p ;n g a n h
  3. TRAN MANH TlfdNG Cac dang bai tap n g C a m v A tit v u n g TIENG ANH NHA XUAT BAN DAI HQC SIT PHAM
  4. Parti PHONETICS (NGUrAM) A. PRONOUNCIATION S O U N D D IS C R IM IN A TIO N 1 • Spellings of Sounds III Spelling o f sound /I/: The English vowel III normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. Letter A in the final ATE, AGE: Ex: intimate, delicate, village, cottage 2. Letter E in the prefixes BE, DE, RE: Ex: begin, become, decide, return 3. EY: Ex: money, storey. But: key /k i:/ 4. Letter I in words o f monosyllable ending with I + CONSONANT Ex: bit, sit, dim, him, twin 5. UI: Ex: build, guilt, guitar, equivalent, colloquial But: mosquito /m9skwi: 19u/ 6. Y in an unstressed syllable of a word: Ex: copy, candy, quality, gravity, slowly But: qualify /GI/, modify /Oil 5
  5. • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. evening b. key c. envelope d. secret 2. a. light b. fine c. knife d.. principle 3. a. farm b. card c. bare d. m arvelous 4. a. both b. bottle c. Scotland d. cotton 5. a. park b. farm c. warm d. m armalade 6. a. nature b. p u re' c. picture d. culture 7. a. faithful b. failure c. fairly d. painted 8. a. country b. cover c. economical d. ceiling-* 9. a. n e w . b. sew c. few d. nephew 10. a. with b. library^ c. willing d. if S O U N D D IS C R IM IN A T IO N 2 • Spellings of Sounds /i:/ The English vowel /vJ normally appears in the follow ing spelling forms: 1. Letter E before the final form: CONSONANT + E Ex: be, he, she, me Scene, complete. Vietnamese 2. EA: Ex: easy, east, dean, heat, neat, dream, beam, breathe, creature 3. EE: Ex: see, free, agree, heel, screen, cheese, guarantee 4. El: Ex: seize, ceiling, deceive, receive, receipt 5. Letter I in some words from the French origin Ex: Machine, regime, mandoline, sardine, routine, magazine, chemise / J dmr.zJ 6
  6. 6 . IE when it is inside vowels of a word: Ex: grief, chief, believe, belief • Cumulative practice W hich o f the following words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. reliable b. liquid c. revival d. final 2 . a. houses b. faces c. horses d. places 3. a. pudding b. put c. pull d. puncture 4. a. sovereign b. fountain c. determine d. routine 5. a. beard b. word c. heard -d. third 6. a. ghost b. hostage c. lost d. frosty 7. a. chorus b. cherish c. chaos d. scholar 8. a. measure b. pleasure c. treasure d. ensure 9. a. mouse - b. could c. would d. put 10. a. three b. thanks c. think d.' father S O U N D D IS C R IM IN A T IO N 3 • Spellings of Sounds le i The English vowel /e/ normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. Letter E in words of monosyllable ending with one or more consonants (except R), or in a stressed syllable of a word: Ex: bed, get, met, them, debt, send, member, November, eleven But: her, term / 3:/, interpret /lnt3':prlt/ 2. EA: Ex: head, bread, breath, breakfast, steady, jealous /dieldsl, meadow, measure, leather, pleasure. 3. El: Ex: leisure, heifer /h
  7. • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a- lively b. kite c. driven d. bite 2. a / sale* b. band^ c. sand d. tan 3. a. started \Jb. looked c. decided d. coincided 4. a. blow b. show c. hole d . cow 5. a. sung ,b. supper c. supply d. nun 6. a.v mule b. mug c. mud d. multiply 7. a. cats b. tapes c. lives d. cooks 8. a. ground ^b. should c. about d. am ount 9. a. weather b. bread c. ahead v d. m e a n / 10. a. author b. other c. there \d. breathe S O U N D D IS C R IM IN A TIO N 4 • Spellings of Sounds /*/ Spelling o f Sound /«/: The English vowel /ae/ norm ally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. Letter A in words of monosyllable ending with one or more consonants: Ex: lad, dam, fan, map, rank, thanks, catch, thatch Scene, complete. Vietnam ese 2. Letter A when it is in a stressed syllable of a word having more than one syllable and stands before consonants: Ex: candle, captain, baptize, latter /lae’ta/, narrow, manner, calculate But: stranger /ei/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. feather b. leather c. feature d. m easure 8
  8. 2. a. practising b. amusing c. advertising d. arising 3. a. geology b. psychology c. classify^ d. photography 4. a. walks j b. begins c. helps d. cuts 5. a. idiom b. ideal c. item d. identical 6 . a. blow b. show c. hole v d. cow 7. a. sung b. supper c. supply d. nun 8. a. mule b. mug c. mud d. multiply 9. a. cats b. tapes Cv lives d. cooks 10. a. ground j b. should c. about d. amount S O U N D D IS C R IM IN A T IO N 5 • Spellings of Sounds /a:/ The English vowel lad normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. Letter A in words o f monosyllable ending with R or R + CONSONANT, or in a syllable of a word when A stands before R + CONSONANT: Ex: bar, far, star, barn, cart, harm, charm, departure But: scarce /skeDs/, quart /kwD:t/, sparrow /spae’rau/ 2. EU: Ex: aunt, laugh, draught 3. Special case: Ex: clerk /kla:k/, derby /da’:bl/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. candy b. sandy c. many d. handy 2. a. earning b. learning c. searching -d. clearing 3. a. waited b. mended c. naked d. faced * 4. a. given b. risen c. ridden -d . whiten 5. a. cough- b. tough c. rough d. enough 9
  9. 6. a. accident b. jazz c. stamps d. watch 7.. -a. this; b. thick c. maths d. thin 8. a. gas b. gain c. germ d. goods /\ 9. a. bought b. nought c. plough d. thought 10. a. spear b. gear c. fear d. pear S O U N D D IS C R IM IN A T IO N 6 • Spellings of Sounds IrJ The English vowel IrJ normally appears in the follow ing spelling forms: 1. Letter 0 in words of monosyllable and in the stressed syllable of word having more than one syllable: Ex: come, some, done, love, does, other, does, other, among, monkey, mother, brother, honey, nothing, com pany, through /0A’r9/ 2. OU: Ex: young, rough, touch, tough, enough, contry, couple, double, trouble, cousin/kA’zn/, nourish /nA’r i/ / , flourish, southern 3. Letter U in the prefixes UN-, UM- and in some com m on words: Ex: cup, gun, skull, uneasy, unable, umbrella But: busy III, bury lei, mimute /I/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. enough b. rough c. laugh d. though 2. a. stage b. village c. manage d. package 3. a. license b. combine c. seaside d. police 4. a. some b. done c. once d. home 5. a. not b. nobody c. wrote d. spoken 6. a. before b. born c. work d. boring 10
  10. 7. a. bee »b. beer c. seem d. flee 8. a. peach b. teach ,c. nieasure d. meat 9. a. sound Jo. touch c. down d. account 10. a. design \b. preserve c. basic d. physical 5 S O U N D D I S C R IM IN A T IO N 7 • Spellings of Sounds I d I The English vowel Id/ normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. Letter A in the stressed syllable of words of monosyllable beginning with W: Ex: was / wdz/, want, wash, watch But: way, waste, wax /wasks/ (sap ong) 2. Letter 0 in words of monosyllable ending with one consonant and in the stressed syllable of words having more than one syllable: Ex: cod, lot, snob, logic, coffee, doctor, modern, solitary, oppsite • Cumulative practice W hich o f the following words is pronounced differently from the others? Jt 1. a. hear b. clear / c. bear d. ear 2. a. heat b. great c. beat d. beak 3.v a. blood b. pool c. food d. tool 4. a. university b. unique c. unit ,d . undo 5. ^a. mouse b. could c. would d. put- 6. a. faithful b. failure c. fairly fainted 7. a. course b. court c. pour V d. courage 8. a. worked b. stopped v c. forced d. wanted 9. a. new v b. sew c. few d. nephew 10. a. sun b. sure c. success d. sort 11
  11. SOUND DISCRIMINATION 8 • Spellings of Sounds I d:I The English vowel /^./normally appears in the follow ing spelling forms: 1. Letter A in words o f monosyllable ending with “L L ” Ex: all, call, tall, small, fall, ball, hall, wall But: shall//ael/ 2. AU in most cases: Ex: fault, haunt, launch, audience, daughter, naughty, laundry 3. AW in all cases: Ex: law, dawn, crawl, draw, awful, awkward 4. Letter 0 when it stands before R + CONSONANT: Ex: born, corpse, horn, lord, north, pork, sort, fortify, morning, portable, portrait 5. OA when it stands before R + CONSONANT Ex: oar, roar, board, soar 6. OU: Ex: four, pour, court, course, mourn, source, cough, ought, bought, fought « Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. faithful b. failure c. fairly d. fainted 2. a. course b. court c. coursing d. courage 3. a. worked b. stopped c. forced d. wanted 4. a. bought b. nought c. plough d. cough 5. a. do kJ . mother c. brother d. som etim es 6. a. cloth b. clothes c. both d. boat 7. a. reply b. cHmb c. sign d. limb 8. a. neighbour b. receive c. weight d. great 12
  12. 9. a. double b. round c. allow d. south 10. a. lose b. rude c. comb d. fruit S O U N D D ISC R IM IN A TIO N 9 * Spellings of Sounds /u/ The English vowel /u/ normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. Letter O Ex: bosom, movie 2. OU: Ex: could, should, would, douche /d u // 3. 0 0 : Ex: book, brook, good, look 4. Letter U: Ex: bush, full, pull, push, put, butcher, bullock, bullet 5. Special case: Ex: W orcester /w u ’sta/, bouquet /b u ’kel/, bosom / b o ’zam/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the following words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. ^ pUrity b. burning c. cure d. durable 2 . a. see b. seen c. sportsman d. sure 3. a. pull b. sugar c. plural >id. study 4. a. course b. court v c. courage d. cough 5. ,a. bark b. share c. dare a. bare 6. a. cotton b. bottle JC. cold d. common 7. a. dear b. hear c. bear d. clear 8 . a. bury b. curtain c. burn d. turn 9. a. fork - b. work c. pork d. corn 10. a. shout b. sugar c. share d. surgery 13
  13. SOUND DISCRIMINATION 10 • Spellings of Sounds lu:l The English vowel Ixi'J normally appears in the follow ing spelling forms: 1. Letter 0 Ex: two, who, you, do, move, lose, prove, tomb Scene, complete, Vietnam ese 2. 0 0 : Ex: booth, cool, food, goose, soot, spoon, tool, tooth, bam boo, cuckoo, doomsday, zoo. 3. OU: Ex: group, troupe (ganh hat), wounded, soup 4. Letter U: Ex: blue, flute /flu:t/, brutal, brute (ngifdi tho bao), lunar, salute, lunatic, lubricate 5. UI: Ex: bruise, fruit, juice, recruit /rikru’:t/ But: fluid /flu ’ld/, ruin /ru ’ln/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. put b. cut c. run d. son 2. a. hope b. soap c. home d. rob 3. a. ship b. sheep c. deep d. green 4. a. tooth b. hood c. book d. look 5. a. joke b. yet c. Europe d. use 6. a. nice b. price c. rice d. pink 7. a. size b. mile c. still d. Uke 8. a. noon b. took c. look d. book 9. a. poor b. tour c. pool ^ d. sure 10. a. flower b. flour c. floor d. found 14
  14. SOUND DISCRIMINATION 11 • Spellings of Sounds 13:1 The English vowel /3:/normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. EA Ex: learn, earth, heard, earn, pearl, search But: ocea n /9 ’u/an/, 2. Letter U in words of monosyllable ending in U+R and in words having U + R + CONSONANT Ex: blur, fur, urge, burn, curse, hurt, nurse, hurt, nurse, purse, burglar, furnish, surgery, Thursday 3. Special case: Ex: connaisseur /kDnIs3’:/, colonel /k3’:nl/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the following words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. leather b. feather c. teacup d. pleasure 2 . a. about b. count c. shout d. wounded 3. a. title b. icon c. httle d. hide 4. a. tour b. course c. court d. pour 5. a. bank b. back c. bark d. baggy 6 . a. myth b. breath c. tooth d. with 7. a. please b. measure c. rise d. pause 8 . a. singer b. longer c. finger d. stronger 9. a. packed b. punched c. pleased d. pushed 10. a. biscuits b. magazines c. newspapers d. vegetables 15
  15. SOUND DISCRIMINATION 12 • Spellings of Sounds /a/ The English vowel /a/ normally appears in the follow ing spelling forms: 1. Letter A in most o f the unstressed syllable of a word. Ex: separate, changeable, balance, explanation, capacity, national 2. Letter E in an unstressed syllable of a word: Ex: silent, open, chicken, prudent, generous, different, sentence, punishment 3. Letter 0 in an unstressed syllable of words having more than on syllable: Ex: atom, bosom, compare, control, freedom, handsom e, random, pardon. • Cumulative practice W hich of the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. butter b. put c. sugar d. push 2. a. few b. new c. threw d. knew 3. a. pretty b. get c. send d. well 4. a. grew b. threw c. knew d. flew 5. a. close b. chose c. lose d. rose 6. a. beard b. fur c. search d. prefer 7. a. are b. fair c. there d. wear 8. a. reliable b. living c. revival d. final 9. a. hasty b. nasty c. tasty d. wastage 10. a. bead b. read c. dead d. recede 16
  16. SOUND DISCRIMINATION 13 • Spellings of Sounds /ei/ The English vowel /ei/ normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. Letter A is pronounced as leil: a/ In a syllable just before the final ION and IAN Ex: translation, liberation, Australian, Asian, Canadian, nation But: companion, mansion, Italian, librarian /ae/ b/ In words o f monosyllable having the final form: A + CONSONANT + E Ex: cane, late, cape, fate, lake, gate, safe, tape, date 2. AI when it stands before a consonant except R: Ex: mail, nail, sail, maid, wait, faint, afraid 3. AY in all words having it: Ex: day, hay, gay, play, ray, stay, tray, pay, lay But: quay /ki:/, mayor /mea/, papaya /papa’ia/ 4. EA as in: Ex: great, break, steak 5. EI as in: Ex: eight, weight, neighbour 6 . EY as in: Ex: they, grey, obey • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. bought b. daughter c. cough d. sight, r v ' 2 . a. sure b. soup -c. sugar d. machine 3. a. but si s b. bury c. nut d. young 4. *-a. measure b. decision c. permission d. pleasure 5. a. lose b. chose - c. close d. dose 17
  17. 6 . a. position b. oasis c. desert d. resort I/ 7. a. stone b. zone c. phone -,d. none 8. . , a. give b. five c. hive d. dive 9. a. switch b. stomach c. match d. catch 10. a. study b. ready c. puppy .d . occupy S O U N D D IS C R IM IN A T IO N 14 • Spellings of Sounds /ai/ The English vowel /ai/normally appears in the follow ing spelling forms: 1. EI Ex: either, neither, height 2. Letter I in words of monosyllable ending with I + CONSONANT + E Ex: bite, site, kite, dine, side, tide, like, mine But: live, give III 3. IE when it is the final vowel of words of monosyllable: Ex: die, lie, pie, tie 4. UI in the words having UI + CONSONANT + E: Ex: guide, quite, inquire, require But: quiet /kw a’iat/ 5. Letter Y in words of monosyllable or in a stressed syllable of a word: Ex: cry, fly, shy, sly (lau ca), type, deny, rely, cycle, dynam o /da’inamau/ But: hym n /him/, typical, pyramid /pl’ramld/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. lazy b. lapel c. label d. labourer 2. a. while b. which c. who d. white 18
  18. 3. a. come b. roll c. comb d. grow 4. a. blood b. prove c. rude d. souvenir 5. a. hour b. honest c. heir d. hospital 6. a. guilty b. busy c. bury d. build 7. a. suit b. sew c. blue d. flew 8 . a. many b. guess c. pleasant d. leading 9. a. thirst b. heard c. heart d. word 10. a. choose b. bought c. board d. normal S O U N D D I S C R I M I N A T I O N 15 • Spellings of Sounds k#l The English vowel h i / normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. EA Ex: tear (n), clear, rear, spear, fear, beard, weary 2. EE when it stands before the final R of a word: Ex: beer, cheer, deer, steer, career, engineer, overseer /auvasl’a/ (giam thi) 3. Special case: Ex: peer /pi/, idea /aidi a7, Ian /ran/, heird /wia/, weird /wiad/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. watch b. want c. bank d, what 2. a. low b. bow c. know d. slow 3. a. issue b. passion c. tissue d. vessel 4. a. hasty
  19. 9 . a. companion b. comparison c. com pany d. compartment 10. a. loose b. lose c. cease d. dose S O U N D D I S C R I M I N A T I O N 17 • Spellings of Sounds /ea/ The English vowel /ea/ normally appears in the follow ing spelling forms: 1. Letter A in words o f monosyllable or in a stressed syllable of a word when A stands before RE: Ex: bare, care, dare, rare, area /e’aria/, parent /pe’arantJ 2. AI when it stands before R: Ex: air, fair, hair, chair, stair, dairy /de’arl/, fairy 3. EA: Ex: bear, pear, tear (v), wear, swear 4. EI: Ex: heir, their • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1. a. disease b. display c. increase d. discount 2. a. examine b. famine c. determine d. miner 3. a. descend b. decent c. delicious d. percentage 4. a. knowledge b. flower c. shower d. coward 5. a. thrill b. third c. enthusiasm d. thus 6. a. practice b. device c. service d. office 7. a. complete b. command c. common d. com m unity 8. a. release D. pleasure c. leaver d. cream v 9. a. explanation b. main c. faint d. paint 10. a. power b. tower c. flow d. flour 20
  20. SOUND DISCRIMINATION 18 • Spellings of Sounds /ua/ The English vowel /ua/ normally appears in the following spelling forms: 1. 0 0 in words o f monosyllable ending in R: Ex: moor, poor But: door, floor 2. OU: Ex: tour, tourist, gourd /guad/ 3. Letter U is pronounced as /jua/ in the words having U + R + VOW EL: Ex: cure, lure /ljua /, pure, during, endure, furious, bureau /bjua’rua/ • Cumulative practice W hich o f the follow ing words is pronounced differently from the others? 1/ a. teacher b. deaf c. reach d. team 2 . a. call b. curtain c. contain d. cell 3. a. your b. four c. poured d. hour 4. a. poor b. mood c. shoot d. hood 5. a. sun b. sure c. success d. sort 6 . a. beard b. fur c. search d. prefer 7. a. daughter b. laughter c. taught d. caught 8 . a. warm b. wash c. wall d. walk 9. a. measure b. decision c. pleasure d. perm ission 10. a. M e b. fair c. there d. wear 21
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