Xem 1-20 trên 76 kết quả Anticholinergics
  • Inhaled anticholinergics, recommended as first-line maintenance treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), has been demonstrated to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases.

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  • Adverse Drug Effects premature breakdown of red blood cells (hemolysis) in subjects with a glucose6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. The discipline of pharmacogenetics deals with the importance of the genotype for reactions to drugs. The above forms of hypersensitivity must be distinguished from allergies involving the immune system (p. 72). Lack of selectivity (C). Despite appropriate dosing and normal sensitivity, undesired effects can occur because the drug does not specifically act on the targeted (diseased) tissue or organ.

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  • These disorders are caused by maturational white matter abnormalities and therefore white matter tractography (using DTI) can offer advantages over conventional MRI in the detectability of clinically relevant microstructural features. High field strength structural MR scanning (up to 7 tesla for clinical and research use in humans) is now available in some countries, and this greatly enhances the spatial resolution over that offered by standard clinical facilities (typically 1.5 or 3 tesla).

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  • The Chempolis process is also based on using formic and acetic acid (Rousu & Rousu 2000, Rousu et al. 2003, Anttila et al. 2006) as cooking chemicals to produce pulp, biochemicals and biofuels from non-wood raw materials. Formic acid is the main component in cooking liquor. After cooking, the pulp is washed and pressed in several stages with formic acid. The last washing stage is performed at a high pulp consistency with performic acid. Then, the pulp is bleached with alkaline peroxide. Spent cooking liquor can be evaporated to 90% dry solids and incinerated.

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  • Bọng đái rối loạn chức năng do bệnh lý thần kinh trung ương hoặc ngoại biên. II. TỪ KHÓA: anticholinergic, thông tiểu, khả năng giãn nở bàng quang, áp lực đồ bọng đái, soi BQ, tk vận động, giao cảm và phó giao cảm, ứ nước thượng nguồn, suy thận do trào ngược, chuyển lưu nước tiểu ra da.

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  • In setting research priorities and objectives for community-based research, the Aboriginal Women’s Health Research Advisory Council and the researchers shall give serious and due consideration to the benefit of the community concerned. In assessing community benefit, regard shall be given to the widest possible range of community interests, whether the groups in question be Aboriginal or non Aboriginal, and also to the impact of research at the local, regional or national level.

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  • Public health can be thought of as a series of complex systems. Many things that individual living in high income countries take for granted like the control of infectious disease, clean, potable water, low infant mortality rates require a high functioning systems comprised of numerous actors, locations and interactions to work. Many people only notice public health when that system fails. With widespread globalization occurring, public health issues have become transnational.

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  • The more we learn about nutrition and exercise, the more we recognize their importance in everyday life. Children need a healthy diet for normal growth and development, and Americans of all ages may reduce their risk of chronic disease by adopting a nutritious diet and engaging in regular physical activity. However, putting this knowledge into practice is difficult. More than 90 million Americans are affected by chronic diseases and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being.

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  • The so called portfolio approach to credit supply (for an overview see Fase (1995)) starts with the assumption that banks maximize a utility function under a set of balance sheet constraints which allows to derive directly credit supply functions. However, the derivation assumes a perfect financial market while treating the private sector (comprising the corporate and household sectors) as one homogeneous entity. These limitations restrict the use of this model when trying to address the specific issues related to corporate finance in imperfect markets.

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  • Despite inadequate funding levels and limited program coordination, the United States still allocates tens of billions of dollars annually to a multitude of projects across the nation. Such investment could go further toward upgrading America’s infrastructure if it were spent more efficiently. The vast majority of funds for infrastructure projects in the United States are not disbursed on the basis of a rigorous comparison of projects’ economic costs and benefits.

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  • There are two professional organisations our Valuation and Property Management graduates are likely to join. These are the Property Institute of New Zealand and the Real Estate Institute of New Zealand. Each body is closely involved with the development of the Massey courses, and encourages you to get involved in the affairs of the local branch and upon graduation, to become a member.

    pdf36p bi_ve_sau 05-02-2013 40 5   Download

  • From the outset, we must recognize that ‘there is an extreme variation in religious experience’. 5 Therefore, how people experience God will impact how they understand war and violence. John Crossan, one of the world’s leading authorities on Christianity, concludes that our understanding of war and violence is dependant upon the ‘character’ of our God. 6 But there is room to doubt that, at the end of the day, the difference in the tendency of states to go to war depends on which religious tradition primarily influences them. The better indicators may be...

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  • These focus groups were triangulated with the use of a survey (see Appendix A) conducted with the entire class at the end of the semester, allow- ing several weeks for reflection on the demonstration as a whole. The survey did not seek to document audience effects, but to record the self-reported effect of enhancement and/or distraction created by the total aural/visual experience dur- ing screenings. The survey was completed anonymously and consisted of nine questions, divided into three sections for each of the three respective screenings.

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  • Abbreviations: LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide; GHB, γ-hydroxybutyrate; PCP, phencyclidine; CNS, central nervous systemPrescribed, over-the-counter, and herbal medications are common precipitants of delirium. Drugs with anticholinergic properties, narcotics, and benzodiazepines are especially frequent offenders, but nearly any compound can lead to cognitive dysfunction in a predisposed patient.

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  • ơ chế tan bị tổn hại, chẳng hạn như trẻ sơ sinh và người già, béo phì, nghiện rượu, những người dùng một số loại thuốc (tức là, các phenothiazin, anticholinergics, thuốc kháng histamin, giao cảm) và trong một số hoạt động gắng sức nặng

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  • Cooney and Cooney International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011, 4:15 CASE REPORT Open Access Massive acute colonic pseudo-obstruction successfully managed with conservative therapy in a patient with cerebral palsy Derek R Cooney* and Norma L Cooney Abstract Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie syndrome, is a massive dilation of the colon in the absence of mechanical obstruction.

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  • Estimating the risk of in-hospital death is one of the most important considerations for surgeons and patients when they evaluate the option of surgery for lung cancer.The 30 day mortality for lobectomy and pneumonectomy in England from National Lung Cancer Audit is 2.3% and 5.8% respectively. Thoracoscore is currently the largest and most validated global risk score .

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  • In the first section, we have included chapters providing clinical perspectives on myocarditis. Here, readers can find comprehensive reviews summarizing the causes of myocarditis, its classification, diagnosis and treatment. The part also includes a chapter that focuses on perimyocarditis and its causes, presentation and clinical management. It also includes a comprehensive review of Chagas' chronic myocarditis, another important type of myocarditis.

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  • The investors issue various types of funds and more than 60% of investment focuses are in Islamic, Bond/ Income, Equities and Aggressive/ Growth. The investors’ overall perception towards LPTs and investment strategies on LPTs are shown in Table 1 below. 85% of investors (18 respondents) have neutral perception of LPTs, out of which 52% may consider but 33% of investors will not invest in LPTs in future. Only 5% of investors have previously invested in LPT but is not seeking for further investment. In summary, the study tends to agree with Shun (2004) that...

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  • The contribution of our paper to the existing literature is threefold. First, our work contributes to the large literature exploring the generation of abnormal returns by portfolio managers. In exploring beyond the abilities of mutual fund managers to generate trading profits in public markets, our work contributes to an emerging literature that attempts to generate a systematic view of how potential trading profits are made in alternative asset markets (see e.g.

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