Nanoparticle

Xem 1-20 trên 459 kết quả Nanoparticle
  • Metal nanoparticles are certain to be the building blocks of the next generation of electronic, optoelectronic and chemical sensing devices. The physical limits imposed by top-down methods such as photo- and electron- beam lithography dictate that the synthesis and assembly of functional nanoscale materials will become the province of chemists.

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  • Groundwater remediation by nanoparticles has become a major interest in recent years. This report presents the ability of hexavalent chromium removal in aqueous using iron (Fe0) nanoparticles. Cr(VI) is a major pollution of groundwater and more toxic than Cr(III). Fe0 reduces Cr(VI), transforming Cr(VI) to nontoxic Cr(III). At a dose of 0.2g/l iron (Feo) nanoparticles, 100% of Cr(VI) 5mg/l was removed after only 20 minutes. The Cr(VI) removal efficiency increased with decreasing initial pH.

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  • Fe3O4 nanoparticles have been prepared by the microemulsion technique with water as the aqueous phase, n-hexane as the oil phase and Span 80 as the surfactant. The reaction occurred under air, N2 or high temperature and high pressure atmosphere. Particle size can be controlled by the concentration of the reactants dissolved in water, the ratio of water/surfactant and the atmospheric conditions.

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  • In  Molecular simulation of nanoparticle diffusion at fluid interfaces molecular dynamics simulations are used to exam- ine the transport properties of a nanoparticle in both bulk solvent and at a liquid–liquid interface. Specifically it aims to address the effect of interfacial adsorption on the diffusion of nanoparticles (at low concentration).

     

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  • The synthesis and characterization of chitosan (CS) nanoparticles used as drug carrier was reported. The formation of nanoparticles, taking place in an aqueous phase without using auxiliary toxic substances via the ionic interaction between NH3 + protonated group of CS and phosphate group of sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) was monitored in situ by combined UV-vis and pH measurements. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by TGA/DTA, XRD and TEM. The particle size, estimated by TEM, was found around 50 - 70 nm, with a quite uniform size distribution.

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  • Colloidal silver nanoparticles were synthesized by Co-60 ray irradiation of Ag+ in aqueous solution containing polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as stabilizer and 0.5 M ethyl alcohol as free radical (OH• ) scavenger. The effect of Ag+ concentration which varied from 1 to 50 mM on the saturated conversion dose (D) of Ag+ into Ag determined by UV-vis spectroscopy and the size of Ag nanoparticles characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were investigated. The dependence of D (kGy) and average size (d, nm) of Ag nanoparticles on Ag+ concentration was found out to be as: D (kGy) = 0.

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  • In this communication, we report the synthesis of chitosan (CS, a biodegradable and biocom- patible natural polymer) [1] nanoparticles as drug carriers by ionic gelation. The method is based on ionic interactions between positively charged groups NH3 + of CS (in dilute CH3COOH solution) and negatively charged of sodium tripolyphos- phate, TPP).

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  • Bài thuyết trình Magnetic nanoparticles: synthesis, functionalization, and applications in bioimaging and magnetic energy storage bao gồm những nội dung về phương pháp tổng hợp tạo hạt nano từ, chức năng của hạt nano từ, ứng dụng của hạt nano từ trong sinh học và lưu trữ dữ liệu.

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  • Products of nanotechnology are expected to revolutionize modern medicine, as evidenced by recent scientific advances and global initiatives to support nanotechnology and nanomedicine research. The field of drug delivery is a direct beneficiary of these advancements. Due to their versatility in targeting tissues, accessing deep molecular targets, and controlling drug release, nanoparticles are helping address challenges to face the delivery of modern, as well as conventional drugs.

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  • Laser-induced thermal explosion of metallic nanoparticles originates from nonlinear optical effect. Nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle materials depend strongly on their size and shape. Several methods were proposed to produce nanoparticles of a controlled size and welldefined distribution. We studied to prepare silver nanoparticles by laser ablation. The characteristic spectral feature of the silver nanoparticles (peak around 400nm) was found in the absorption spectra measured by a UV-Vis 2450 spectrometer. ...

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  • Synthesis of the copper nanoparticles colloidal solutions by chemical reduction method with various precursors including copper oxalate, CuCl2, CuSO4, Cu(NO3)2 with hydrazine hydrate reducing agent, NaBH4; solvent glycerin and water, PVA and PVP protection, dispersants and protective agents: including trisodium citrate, ascorbic acid, CTAB.

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  • In this paper, Fe3O4-ZnO heterostructure multifunctional nanoparticles (NPs) were successfully prepared in aqueous solution by ultrasound assisted thermolysis. First, iron oxide (Fe3O4) magnetic NPs were prepared by co-precipitation method. The Fe3O4 NPs were modified by 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) to have free amine (-NH2) groups on their surface, then, Zn2+ ions were added and stirred to adsorb onto the surface of Fe3O4-NH2 NPs in alkaline solution at a pH of 11.

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  • In the present article, we report the biosensor can detect superparamagnetic nanoparticles (less than 10 nm in size) at various and low particle concentrations, which is of the importance role in biosensing applications. The nanoparticle ferrite (Fe3O4), Cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4), Nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4) nanoparticles were synthesized by the high temperature thermal decomposition precursor method.

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  • Lead sulfide (PbS) and Au-PbS core-shell nanoparticles were successfully synthesized using the sonochemical method at room temperature. The morphology of the synthesized particles was characterized by FESEM and TEM images. Pure fcc phase of PbS and Au crystal structures was examined and confirmed by XRD patterns. The quantum confinement effect plays a crucial role in blue-shifting the absorption edge and the band gap energy of both solid PbS nanoparticles and a thin spherical PbS shell toward shorter wavelength region in comparison to those of PbS bulk.

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  • An enzyme-free glucose sensor has been developed based on electrodeposited gold nanoparticles modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE). The combination of electrodeposited gold nanoparticles and SPCE, makes the device compact, low cost, and reliable enzyme-free glucose sensor. Gold nanoparticles were directly synthesized via electrochemical deposition method on carbon surface from HAuCl4 solution.

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  • The catalytic ozonation of nonionic surfactant nonylphenolethoxylate (NPE) as pollutant in wastewater and its degradation in the presence of silica-supported Cobalt oxide nanoparticles was studied. Characterization of silica supported- cobalt oxide was made using XRD patterns and SEM profiles.

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  • In this research, silver nanoparticles were dispersed into acrylic emulsion by high-speed stirring method using scattered disc at room temperature. Antibacterial activity of the mixture was examined through changes of some parameters such as nanosilver concentration, dispersing time and water addition amount.

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  • We studied to prepare silver nanoparticle substrate for Surface-Enhance Raman Scattering (SERS). Silver nanoparticles were produced by laser ablation of silver plate in ethanol. The average size of silver nanoparticles is 15nm. The silver nanoparticle colloid was allowed to dry on a silicon wafer to prepare SERS substrate. Using the silver nanoparticle substrates we could obtain SERS spectrum of Rhodamine 6G molecules adsorbed on silver nanoparticles. The Raman signal was enhanced strongly by our SERS substrate.

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  • This book is a result of contributions of experts from international scientific community working in different aspects of nanocomposite science and applications and reports on the state of the art research and development findings on nanocomposites through original and innovative research studies.

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  • SMART NANOPARTICLES TECHNOLOGY Edited by Abbass A. Hashim .Smart Nanoparticles Technology Edited by Abbass A. Hashim Published by InTech Janeza Trdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia Copyright © 2012 InTech All chapters are Open Access distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license, which allows users to download, copy and build upon published articles even for commercial purposes, as long as the author and publisher are properly credited, which ensures maximum dissemination and a wider impact of our publications.

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