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The Biology of NKT Cells

Chia sẻ: Nguyen Nhi | Ngày: | Loại File: PDF | Số trang:40

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The Biology of NKT Cells

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Recognized more than a decade ago, NKT cells differentiate from mainstream thymic precursors through instructive signals emanating during TCR engagement by CD1d-expressing cortical thymocytes. Their semi-invariant αβ TCRs recognize isoglobotrihexosylceramide, a mammalian glycosphingolipid, as well as microbial α-glycuronylceramides found in the cell wall of Gram-negative, lipopolysaccharide-negative bacteria. This dual recognition of self and microbial ligands underlies innate-like antimicrobial functions mediated by CD40L induction and massive Th1 and Th2 cytokine and chemokine release....

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