Bài giảng Nâng cao sức khỏe - GS.TS.BS. Lê Hoàng Ninh

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Bài giảng Nâng cao sức khỏe - GS.TS.BS. Lê Hoàng Ninh

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Bài giảng Nâng cao sức khỏe do GS.TS.BS. Lê Hoàng Ninh biên soạn trình bày về định nghĩa nâng cao sức khỏe; những đặc trưng cơ bản của nâng cao sức khỏe (phòng ngừa bệnh tật, giáo dục sức khỏe, bảo vệ sức khỏe). Mời các bạn tham khảo bài giảng để biết cách nâng cao sức khỏe cho bản thân và người khác.

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Nội dung Text: Bài giảng Nâng cao sức khỏe - GS.TS.BS. Lê Hoàng Ninh

  1. NÂNG CAO SỨC KHỎE GS TS BS Lê Hoàng Ninh 
  2. Định nghĩa nâng cao sức khỏe  A planned combination of educational, political, regulatory, and organizational supports for actions and conditions of living conducive to the health of individuals, groups, or communities. Green & Kreuter, 1999
  3. Định nghĩa nâng cao sức khỏe WHO, 1986  The process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health…  a commitment to dealing with challenges of reducing inequities, extending the scope of prevention, and helping people to cope with their circumstances…  creating environments conducive to health, in which people are better able to take care of themselves
  4. NHỮNG ĐẶC TRƯNG CƠ BẢN CỦA NÂNG CAO SỨC KHỎE 1. Enabling people to take control over, and responsibility for, their health as an important component of everyday life. 2. Requiring the close cooperation of sectors beyond the health services. 3. Combining diverse, but complimentary, methods or approaches. 4. Encouraging effective and concrete public participation. The Working Group on Concepts and Principles in Health Promotion, 1987
  6. The Health Promotion Triad
  7. PHÒNG NGỪA BỆNH TẬT BA CẤP ĐỘ CẤP I (Primary) CẤP II(Secondary) CẤP III (Tertiary)
  8. Phòng ngừa Phòng ngừa  Phòng ngừa   cấp I cấp II cấp III Cure Biological  Clinical   Chronic  Healthy  onset of  Course of  Disability disease individual disease disease Death Functional Risk  Asymptomatic Symptoms and  Status Factors signs signs Diagnosis   Rehabilitation Immunization  Sàng lọc  Support Health  bệnh Treatment Education Compliance Adherence Prophylaxis Các giai đoạn phòng ngừa bệnh theo tiến  trình tự nhiên của bệnh 
  9. Phòng ngừa cấp I (PRIMARY PREVENTION) - Action taken to avert the occurrence of disease -Interventions: o Medical o Legislative o Societal o Educational o Individual efforts
  10. PRIMARY PREVENTION - The more directly a behavior is linked to a health problem as a risk factor, the better candidate it is for primary prevention efforts Simons-Morton, Greene, & Gottlieb, 1995
  11. Phòng ngừa cấp II (SECONDARY PREVENTION) - Action taken to identify diseases at their earliest stages and to apply appropriate treatments to limit their consequences and severity. J. Thomas Butler, 2001
  12. Phòng ngừa cấp III (TERTIARY PREVENTION) - Specific interventions to assist diseased or disabled persons in limiting the effects of their diseases or disabilities; also may include activities to prevent recurrences of a disease. J. Thomas Butler, 2001
  13. Prevention
  14. GIÁP DỤC SỨC KHỎE (HEALTH EDUCATION) - Planned process, - Combines a variety of educational experiences, and - Facilitates voluntary adaptations or establishment of behaviour conducive to health J. Thomas Butler, 2001
  15. GIÁO DỤC SỨC KHỎE (HEALTH EDUCATION) - Aims primarily at the voluntary actions people can take on their own part, individually or collectively, for their own health or the health of others and the common good of the community Greene & Kreuter, 1999
  16. Learning Domains
  17. Cognitive Domain  Aspect of health education that comprises information and knowledge  Information gained from health education can be  A new information  A reinforcement
  18. Psychomotor Domain  Aspect of health education that deals with skill acquisition and reinforcement
  19. Affective Domain  Aspect of health education that is mainly concerned in  Habit formation  Behavior change  New practice
  20. BA MỤC ĐÍCH CHÍNH CỦA GIÁO DỤC, NÂNG CAO SỨC KHỎE TƯƠNG ỨNG VỚI BA CẤP ĐỘ DỰ PHÒNG - Promotion of health and illness prevention - Restoration of health when one becomes ill - Maintenance of health while coping with chronic, long-term conditions Potter & Perry, 1993



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