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Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học Môn Tiếng Anh (Test 1)

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Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học Môn Tiếng Anh (Test 1)

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  1. Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học * Môn Tiếng Anh (Test 1) Page 1 Name: ………………………………….. A - PHONOLOGY: I/ Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others in each group: 1) A. honour B. hope C. follow D. promise 2) A. windy B. official C. migrate D. video 3) A. psychology B. pneumonia C. psychoactive D. picnic 4) A. bruise B. cruise C. ruin D. suit 5) A. captain B. obtain C. maintain D. remain II/ Choose the word whose stress pattern is different from the other words in each group: 1) A. backpack B. financial C. hostel D. operate 2) A. memory B. typical C. reward D. marketing 3) A. existence B. technique C. instinct D. journey 4) A. welcoming B. freedom C. leisure D. adventure 5) A. worldwide B. initial C. safety D. partner B - VOCABULARY, GRAMMAR & STRUCTURE: Choose the best answer to completes each sentence. 1) Private financing can ___________ a variety of forms. A. do B. take C. make D. occur 2) It is one of the most ___________ books on the topic. A. interests B. interested C. interesting D. interest 3) The corporate headquarters are located in the capital ___________ the country. A. in B. to C. for D. of 4) The satellite photographed a ___________ moon in orbit around Saturn. A. previous undetecting B. previously undetecting C. previous undetected D. previously undetected 5) The trend toward shorter working hours ___________. A. continuation B. continues C. continually D. continuous 6) Inflation is ___________ to affect personal spending quite a bit in July. A. likely B. aptly C. depending D. presuming 7) Mrs. Kawabata is ready to see you now. Thank you for ___________. A. wait B. waiting C. waited D. to wait 8) Executives of small companies earn ___________ salaries on the west coast than on the east coast. A. more B. taller C. richer D. higher 9) You need about forty different nutrients to stay ___________. A. health B. healthy C. healthily D. healthiness 10) The ceiling fans were on, but unfortunately they only ___________ the hot. humid air. A. stirred up B. poured through C. turned into D. cut back 11) Quarterly earnings are ___________ reported to the shareholders. A. ever B. rare C. seldom D. unusually 12) Unfortunately, there are ___________ will probably not respect the arbiter’s decision. A. of whom B. whoever C. which D. those who 13) Dance lathe subject of ___________ movies playing over the holiday season. A. none B. any C. hardly D. several 14) It is worth examining the ___________ nations can take to facilitate the removal of trade barriers. A. stages B. levels C. steps D. grades 15) I ___________ a heavy workload this month. A. to have B. have C. are having D. having 16) Today many managers reward only good performers and tend to dismiss ______ employees more frequently. A. incompetent B. inevitable C. incisive D. intact 17) The work orders have been __________ to the production department. A. released B. reduced C. remarked D. resisted 18) Automobiles are put ___________ of gear by moving the gearshift to neutral. A. across B. off C. above D. out 19) This identification card is valid as tong as your policy remains in ___________. A. check B. effect C. power D. payment 20) Mr. Kekkonen accused Boris of __________ when he handed in his report a week late. A. professing B. proliferating C. procrastinating D. profiling C - READING COMPREHENSION: I/ Read the following passage and answer the questions below: The whole question of industrialism is a complex one. For laborers, it means that greater skills are required and, in the last analysis, that the work may prove more difficult than in the past, where the time element has less importance. The positive benefits, however, outweigh these considerations. The laborer today has greater leisure, is less provincial, and enjoys the fruits of his labors to a far greater degree than hitherto possible. In a way we may say that we have reached the end of the Industrial Revolution. We may call today a technological revolution, in that science has found ways to utilize the efforts of a man beyond the dreams of yesteryear. The dawn of the Atomic age presages further benefits for all of us. Some have called the dawning age the Power-Metal Age. The term is significant, for in these two elements our country is rich and, if not self sufficient, at least we have shown ourselves alert in exploiting these two elements to a degree hitherto unseen in the world. 1) The author implies that the laborers of tomorrow will __________. A. enjoy greater benefits B. have fewer opportunities for employment C. grow more provincial D. be destroyed by automation 2) When the author states that ‘work may prove more difficult than in the past’, he implies that ___________. A. back-breaking physical labor is going to return B. running the machines of the future will be an exacting task C. wartime conditions will make work difficult D. the laborer is going to have to spend more time on the job 3) The author’s chief purpose in writing this passage seems to be to ___________. A. defend the work of scientists B. explain why modern man has considerable leisure time C. describe certain manifestations in industrialism D. explain why the Industrial Revolution came to an end 4) The author indicates that an appropriate name for the world of tomorrow will be the ___________. A. Technological Revolution B. New Industrial Revolution C. Power Metal Age D. Age of the Dreams of Yesteryear 5) The author implies that the future strength of his country will be found in its ____________. A. vast number of laborers B. skilled technicians C. plentiful sources of power and metal D. more effective use of leisure time II/ Read the following passage and answer the questions below: Nguyễn Đức Hưng* - Marie Curie Private High School www.my.opera.com/mrduchung
  2. Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học * Môn Tiếng Anh (Test 1) Page 2 Since the world has become industrialized, there has been an increase in the number of animal species that have either become extinct or have neared extinction. Bengal tigers, for instance, which once roamed the jungles in vast numbers, now number only about 2,300, and by the year 2025 their population is estimated to be down to zero. What is alarming about the case of the Bengal tiger is that this extinction will have been caused almost entirely by poachers who, according to some sources, are not interested in material gain but in personal gratification. This is an example of the callousness that is part of what is causing the problem of extinction. Animals like the Bengal tiger, as well as other endangered species, are a valuable part of the world's ecosystem. International laws protecting these animals must be enacted to ensure their survival, and the survival of our planet. Countries around the world have begun to deal with the problem in various ways. Some countries, in order to circumvent the problem, have allocated large amounts of land to animal reserves. They then charge admission to help defray the costs of maintaining the parks, and they often must also depend on world organizations for support. With the money they get, they can invest in equipment and patrols to protect the animals. Another solution that is an attempt to stem the tide of animal extinction is an international boycott of products made from endangered species. This seems fairly effective, but it will not, by itself, prevent animals from being hunted and killed. 1) What is the main topic of the passage? A. the Bengal tiger B. international boycotts C. endangered species D. problems with industrialization 2) Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "alarming" in line 4? A. dangerous B. serious C. gripping D. distressing 3) Which of the following could best replace the word "case" as used in line 4? A. act B. situation C. contrast D. trade 4) The word "poachers" as used in line 5 could be best replaced by which of the following? A. illegal hunters B. enterprising researchers C. concerned scientists D. trained hunters 5) The word "callousness" in line 6 could best be replaced by which of the following? A. indirectness B. independence C. incompetence D. insensitivity 6) The above passage is divided into two paragraphs in order to contrast A. a problem and a solution B. a statement and an illustration C. a comparison and a contrast D. specific and general information 7) What does the word "this" refer to in line 6? A. endangered species that are increasing B. Bengal tigers that are decreasing C. poachers who seek personal gratification D. sources that may not be accurate 8) Where in the passage does the author discuss a cause of extinction? A. Since the world . . . down to zero. B. What is alarming . . . personal gratification. C. Country around . . . for support. D. With the money . . . endangered species. 9) Which of the following could best replace the word "allocated" in line 10? A. set aside B. combined C. organized D. taken off 10) The word "defray" in line 11 is closest in meaning to which of the following? A. lower B. raise C. make a payment on D. make an investment toward 11) The author uses the phrase "stem the tide" in line 13 to mean A. touch B. stop C. tax D. save 12) Which of the following best describes the author's attitude? A. forgiving B. concerned C. vindictive D. surprised III/ Read the following passage and answer the questions below: Sharks have gained an unfair reputation for being fierce predators of large sea animals. Humanity's unfounded fear and hatred of these ancient creatures is leading to a worldwide slaughter that may result in the extinction of many coastal shark species. The shark is the victim of a warped attitude of wildlife protection; we strive only to protect the beautiful, non- threatening parts of our environment. And, in our efforts to restore only non-threatening parts of our earth, we ignore other important parts. A perfect illustration of this attitude is the contrasting attitude toward another large sea animal, the dolphin. During the 1980s, environmentalists in the United States protested the use of driftnets for tuna fishing in the Pacific Ocean since these nets also caught dolphins. The environmentalists generated enough political and economic pressure to prevent tuna companies from buying tuna that had been caught in driftnets. In contrast to this effort on behalf of the dolphins, these same environmentalists have done very little to help save the Pacific Ocean sharks whose population has decreased nearly to the point of extinction. Sharks are among the oldest creatures on earth, having survived in the seas for more than 350 million years. They are extremely efficient animals, feeding on wounded or dying animals, thus performing an important role in nature of weeding out the weaker animals in a species. Just the fact that species such as the Great White Shark have managed to live in the oceans for so many millions of years is enough proof of their efficiency and adaptability to changing environments. It is time for us humans, who may not survive another 1,000 years at the rate we are damaging the planet, to cast away our fears and begin considering the protection of sharks as an important part of a program for protection of all our natural environment. 1) With which of the following topics is this passage primarily concerned? A. Sharks are efficient creatures with bad reputations. B. Sharks are some of the oldest creatures on earth. C. Sharks illustrate a problem in wildlife protection. D. The campaign to save dolphins was not extended to save sharks. 2) Which of the following is most similar to the meaning of the word "warped" in line 3? A. distorted B. wasteful C. extravagant D. wanton 3) In line 7, the word "protested" is closest in meaning to which of the following? A. prescribed B. objected to C. protected D. reflected on 4) In line 8, the word "generated" could be best replaced by A. consumed B. absorbed C. designated D. produced 5) How did environmentalists manage to protect dolphins? A. They prevented fishermen from selling them for meat. B. They pressured fishermen into protecting dolphins by law. C. They brought political pressure against tuna companies. D. They created sanctuaries where dolphin fishing was not allowed. 6) About how long have sharks lived on the planet? A. 25 million years B. 150 million years C. 350 million years D. 500 million years 7) The author uses the phrase "weeding out" in line 13 to mean A. strengthening something that is weak B. feeding something that is hungry C. encouraging something that is efficient D. getting rid of something that is unwanted Nguyễn Đức Hưng* - Marie Curie Private High School www.my.opera.com/mrduchung
  3. Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học * Môn Tiếng Anh (Test 1) Page 3 8) In line 14, the phrase "managed to live" is used to infer that A. surviving was difficult B. migration was common C. procreation was expanding D. roaming was necessary 9) The word "proof" in line 15 could be best replaced by which of the following? A. characteristic B. evidence C. praise D. customary 10) In line 16, the phrase "to cast away" means most nearly A. to throw off B. to bring in C. to see through D. to set apart 11) What is the author's tone in this passage? A. explanatory B. accusatory C. gentle D. proud 12) Which of the following best describes the organization of this passage? A. order of importance B. cause and effect C. statement and example D. chronological order IV/ Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank: No More Classes The use of computers has meant students can study language programmes (1) ___________ their own speed when and for how long they want - and no need to (2) ___________ about the teacher having a favourite or doing (3) ___________ another boring lesson. What's (4) ___________, in the virtual classrooms of the future the student will (5) ___________ on their headset, and be transported into an imaginary school, choose their class, take the books they need off the shelf and (6) ___________ conversations with other computerised students. They might (7) _________ choose to pay a visit to the supermarket or the train station, the bank or the restaurant. At the (8) _________ of a button they would be transported to (9) _________ realistic settings where they could practice their English, maybe getting a hand (10) _________ a virtual English companion. All this perhaps, at the computer, from the comfort of their home: no (11) __________ to catch the bus to college, or a plane to England. Exciting? Certainly, and an interesting (12) ___________ to traditional classroom lessons. But would it ever (13) ___________ the classroom? Hopefully not. (14) ___________ the need to relate to real people talking about real issues and generally learning a little more about others will always lead language learners to (15) ___________ at least a little of their time with real people. 1) A. with B. for C. at D. in 2) A. concern B. upset C. trouble D. worry 3) A. still B. for C. yet D. already 4) A. more B. additional C. besides D. moreover 5) A. place B. put C. set D. get 6) A. take B. do C. catch D. hold 7) A. although B. preferably C. instead D. contrary 8) A. force B. hit C. depress D. push 9) A. so B. such C. like D. alike 10) A. with B. to C. from D. for 11) A. role B. duty C. obligation D. need 12) A. difference B. opposite C. choice D. alternative 13) A. replace B. restore C. succeed D. recover 14) A. definitely B. mainly C. totally D. surely 15) A. spend B. make C. have D. do D - ERROR IDENTIFICATION: 1) Our company is (A) most responsible than theirs in (B) providing additional services (C) after (D) making a sale. 2) The person (A) whom lost (B) a briefcase may claim (C) it (D) at the registration desk. 3) (A) The new employee is (B) as eager her boss (C) to be part (D) of the development project. 4) (A) When the client finally (B) arrived, Mr. Speroni (C) has been waiting (D) for two hours. 5) (A) Many subscribers request (B) that the orders (C) are sent to their (D) business address. 6) The (A) enclosing card (B) gives details (C) about room rates and (D) services. 7) The Nail Corporation (A) has been a (B) valued client (C) of our law firm (D) in many years. 8) The construction crew (A) prepared to start work (B) on Monday (C) when the building project was (D) canceled. 9) (A) If Ms. Weiss has missed the (B) last flight, she (C) could not get another (D) until tomorrow morning. 10) (A) The standing committee suggested (B) to hire an outside consultant (C) as advisor (D) to the project. Nguyễn Đức Hưng* - Marie Curie Private High School www.my.opera.com/mrduchung

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