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Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học Môn Tiếng Anh - The Environment 2

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Tài liệu luyện thi Đại học Môn Tiếng Anh - The Environment 2

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  1. Page 1 9) In some cities a poisonous smog is created from car exhaust ____________. Tµi liÖu luyÖn thi §¹i häc 10) Another cause of global warming is emission of carbon dioxide ______________ M«n TiÕng Anh from power stations and factories. Vocab - The Environment 2 Exercise 3: Complete the paragraph with the words below. Remember to use the _______________________________________________________________ correct form of the verbs. Exercise 1: Fill in the blank with one suitable word to make a compound. organic pesticides pollute pollution recycle recycling 1) ozone.......................... 2) global.......................... 3) greenhouse................ SAVING OUR ENVIRONMENT! 4) nuclear........................ 5) exhaust....................... 6) acid............................. Our environment is in trouble. Modern ways of living and today’s industries are 1) Match the compounds with the definitions. ____________ it. Most people think there is nothing they can do. This is not true. Everyone can do something to help save our environment. Here’s the list of things you 1. the unwanted gases, etc. that are produced when making ............................... can do: nuclear power. - Help to cut 2 )____________ by taking the bus to work instead of your car. 2. the gas that comes from a vehicle’s engine ............................... - Buy 3) _________ fruit and vegetables that have not been treated with 4)_________. 3. a t ype of oxygen around the Earth that stops the sun from ............................... - 5)________ all your cans, bottles and paper. There should be a 6)________ centre harming the Earth. somewhere near your home, so take them there. 4. water that falls from the sky and contains chemicals that ............................... Exercise 4: Choose the best answer for each sentence below. damage plants, etc. 1) The fields were flooded after the river burst its ..................... 5. the way in which the Earth is slowly getting warmer ............................... A. banks B. edges C. sides D. parts because gases are stopping heat from leaving it. 2) After the rain, the street was full of ..................... 6. the way in which the Earth’s weather is getting warmer ............................... A. floods B. lakes C. puddles D. pools because of pollution. 3) During the storm, the climbers sheltered in a ..................... Exercise 2: Complete each sentence with one of the words given. A. cave B. valley C. cliff D. hole balance fuels gas lead species 4) A small ..................... runs across the bottom of our garden. chemicals fumes greenhouse pesticide waste A. river B. stream C. torrent D. sea 1) Factories often dispose of ________________ products in rivers and the sea. 5) It was difficult to swim because the ..................... were so high. 2) The chimpanzee is one of many ____________ which will soon be found only in A. waters B. waves C. tides D. banks zoos. 6) From the ..................... of the hill you can see the sea. 3) The earth’s atmosphere is growing warmer partly because of the so-called A. peak B. mouth C. summit D. top “______________ effect.” 7) You must carry a lot of water when you cross the ..................... 4) Many scientists believe t hat the natural ____________ of the world’s ecology is A. desert B. plain C. sand D. ocean threatened. 8) In the middle of the square there is an old ..................... 5) Over-exploitation of fossil ____________ such as coal and oil will lead to an energy A. stream B. fountain C. source D. tap crisis. 9) I think it is going to rain. It is very ..................... 6) Many people prefer to eat fruit and vegetables which have not been sprayed with A. clouded B. clouding C. cloudy D. clouds _______________. 10) The church caught fire when it was struck by ..................... 7) Within a few years, ___________-free petrol will be used throughout Europe. A. hurricane B. lightning C. thunder D. wind 8) Many household products actually contain _____________ which are harmful to the environment. Exercise 5: Complete each blank with on one suitable word on the right. NguyÔn §øc H­ng* - Marie Curie School www.my.opera.com/mrduchung
  2. Page 2 1) We cut down the trees but then we had to dig up its .................. ______ 3) The winds have already strengthened considerably and the sea is now very a) forest 2) The road goes through a beautiful pine .................... . b) lawn rough indeed. As a result, ferries across the harbour have stopped sailing and all large c) leaves 3) When Tom was eating a cherry, he accidentally swallowed the........ ships have put out to sea. d) peel 4) In autumn, these paths are covered in fallen ................... . ______ 4) The river overflowed in several places and huge areas of farming land are e) plant 5) Who is going to cut the .................... while I am away? now several feet under water. Boats are being used to rescue people in nearby villages. f) roots 6) We bought Diana a beautiful indoor .................. for her birthday. ______ 5) Suddenly the ground shook beneath our feet and the tall building opposite the g) seeds 7) A tree fell, and its massive ................... blocked the road. college began to sway. Windows and doors rattled, and several bookcases in the college h) stone 8) Harry buys ................... and grows all his own vegetables. library came crashing down. i) trunk 9) The birds was carrying a ..................... to build its nest. ______ 6) Tankers full of water were sent, but it was too late to save many of the j) twig 10) Some people like eating orange ........................ . animals and crops there. The whole area was like a vast desert. Exercise 6: Use these words to complete the text. ______ 7) Smoke poured out of the crater but no one expected an eruption. A week floods radiation sea level climate later, however, red hot lava began to flow down the side of the mountain. deserts ice caps oceans gases ______ 8) It swept onwards, covering everything in its path. The travellers had to get Scientists have shown that the temperature on Earth is increasing by 0.1o every ten off their camels and lie down until it had eventually passed. years. That’s one degree every century. The (1) .......................... that are produced by ______ 9) Flames swept through the block of offices, burning everything inside. Two factories and cars are allowing more (2) .......................... from the sun to reach Earth. In the hours later only the empty shell of the building remained. future this will have very serious consequences for humanity. ______ 10) The first sign of illness was a pain in the chest, followed by a great thirst As the Earth gets hotter, the Arctic and Antarctic (3) .......................... will slowly and a burning fever. Few medical supplies reached the area and consequently almost all melt and the level of the (4) .......................... will rise. A recent report says that the (5) the victims died. .......................... will rise by 70 metres over the next hundred years, causing (6) ______ 11) It must have been at least twenty feet high as it swept towards the shore. In .......................... in many low-lying parts of the worlds. a few seconds it destroyed all the houses in its way, drowning everyone inside. There will be (7) .......................... changes, too. Some areas will become wetter Exercise 8: Choose the best ending from 1) to 10) for each sentence a) to j). while others will become much drier. Some areas which today are green and fertile will a. In cities the air is hard to breathe because of car 1) waste eventually turn into (8) .......................... . Tropical diseases like malaria will become b. The earth’s climate is changing because of 2) pollution common in areas where today they are unknown. c. Not having enough of something is called a 3) recycling Exercise 7: Match each sentence with the disaster it describes. A. Fire B. Typhoon C. Earthquake D. Tidal wave d. Air, sea and land can suffer from 4) global warming E. Plague F. Volcano G. Drought H. Sandstorm e. Throwing things away unnecessarily is called 5) rubbish I. Landslide J. Flood K. Famine f. A mixture of smoke and fog is called 6) litter ______ 1) Several people were walking along when suddenly tons of earth came g. Things which we throw away are called 7) drought crashing down the hillside and blocked the road in front of them. h. To avoid wasting things we can use 8) exhaust fumes ______ 2) Over 50,000 people in Ethiopia have died of starvation in the past month. i. The paper people drop in the street is called 9) shortage Questions are being asked concerning the delay in the supplies of rice and grain which j. Areas with low rainfall often suffer from 10) smog were recently sent to them. NguyÔn §øc H­ng* - Marie Curie School www.my.opera.com/mrduchung

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