Exchange rate

Xem 1-20 trên 291 kết quả Exchange rate
  • It is widely believed that changes in exchange rates have important implications for financial decision-making and for the profitability of firms. One of the central motivations for the creation of the euro was to eliminate exchange rate risk to enable European firms to operate free from the uncertainties of changes in relative prices resulting from exchange rate movements. At the macro level, there is evidence that the creation of such currency unions results in a dramatic increase in bilateral trade (Frankel and Rose, 2002)....

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  • TWO ESSAYS IN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS: AN EMPIRICAL APPROACH TO PURCHASING POWER PARITY AND THE MONETARY MODEL OF EXCHANGE RATE DETERMINATION I adopt a different strategy: I compare housing markets that differ in the strength of the residential location-school assignment link, and I develop simple reduced-form implications of parental valuations for the across-school distribution of student characteristics and educational outcomes as a function of the strength of this link.

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  • On Fiscal Discipline and the Choice of Exchange Rate Regine This result conflicts with a well-known recent result from Hoxby (2000a), who argues that metropolitan areas with less centralized educational governance, and therefore more competition among local school districts, produce better student outcomes at lower cost. In Chapter Two, I attempt to get to the bottom of the discrepancy. I reanalyze a portion of Hoxby’s data, and find reason to suspect the validity of her conclusions.

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  • ESSAYS ON THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN FOREIGN DIRECT IN VESTMENT, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, AND EXCHANGE RATE VOLATILITY My analysis of parental choices focuses on the possibility that parents may choose schools partly on the basis of the peer group offered. Although existing research does not conclusively establish the causal contribution of peer group characteristics to student outcomes (see, e.g., Coleman et al.

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  • Chapter 6 describe the exchange rate system used by various governments, describe the development and implications of a single European currency, explain how governments can use direct intervention to influence exchange rates, explain how government intervention in the foreign exchange market can affect economic conditions.

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  • In this chapter: Explain how exchange rate movements are measured, explain how the equilibrium exchange rate is determined, examine factors that determine the equilibrium exchange rate, explain the movement in cross exchange rates, explain how financial institutions attempt to capitalize on anticipated exchange rate movements.

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  • This chapter explain the purchasing power parity (PPP) theory and its implications for exchange rate changes, explain the International Fisher effect (IFE) theory and its implications for exchange rate changes, compare the PPP theory, the IFE theory, and the theory of interest rate parity (IRP), which was introduced in the previous chapter.

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  • Lecture International finance: An analytical approach (2/e) – Chapter 3: The balance of payments and the effective exchange rate. The goals of this chapter are: To study the structure of the balance of payments, to illustrate the relationship with the FX market, to introduce the concept of the effective exchange rate.

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  • The goals of this chapter are: To identify the factors causing changes in the exchange rate, to illustrate the effect of arbitrage and speculation, to explain how the bid-offer spread and the forward spread are determined, to examine the AUD exchange rate determination.

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  • The goals of this chapter are: To classify international monetary systems, to outline the history of exchange rate arrangements, to outline the pros and cons of fixed and flexible exchange rates, to examine the Australian exchange rate arrangements.

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  • In this chapter you will learn: What determines the supply of and demand for a nation’s currency, about a nation’s balance of payments, what a flexible exchange rates system is and its effects on the domestic economy, what a fixed exchange rates system is and its effects on the domestic economy, about the history of the world’s international exchange-rate systems.

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  • this paper analyzes the panel data of bi-weekly surveys, conducted by the japan center for international finance, on the yen dollar exchange rate expectations of forty—four institutions for two years. there are three major findings in this paper. first, market participants are found to be heterogeneous. there are significant "individual effects" in their expectation institutions are found to violate the formation.

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  • Chapter 21 - The balance of payments, exchange rates, and trade deficits. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Explain how currencies of different nations are exchanged when international transactions take place, analyze the balance sheet the United States uses to account for the international payments it makes and receives, discuss how exchange rates are determined in currency markets,...

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  • This version includes amendments resulting from IFRSs issued up to 31 December 2008. IAS 21 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates was issued by the International Accounting Standards Committee in December 1993. It replaced IAS 21 Accounting for the Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates (issued in July 1983).

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  • The goals of this chapter are: To explain why exchange rate forecasting is needed, to illustrate forecasting techniques, to present empirical evidence on forecasting models, to explain how forecasters are evaluated, to demonstrate how technical analysis is used to generate buy and sell signals.

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  • Topic 2 - Exchange rates, quotes, transactions, and appreciations. In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Students can obtain and interpret exchange rates, students can convert currencies using, students can compute and interpret currency appreciations and depreciations.

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  • This paper reexamines the degree of exchange rate pass-through (henceforth ERPT) in-1apanesecexports=totheUnited~States and Asian countries by using the destination breakdown data of 300 export commodities at the HS 9-digit level. By conducting the fixed effect panel estimation, we have found that ERPT has increased in Japanese exports to all destinations, even to the United States, at the HS 4-digit commodity level, which contrasts markedly with the Taylor's (2000) conjecture that ERPT declined in the low inflation environment.

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  • This article studies the situation of exchange rate since the end of 2014 until now and gives analysis about the effects of exchange rate viariations on agricultural export market of Vietnam in this period. Specifically, focuse on the adjustments of the State Bank of Vietnam as the US dollar’s price fluctuates and yuan is devalued. Besides, we also analyse the consequences that agriculture is affected by unfavorable changes of the market.

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  • ABSTRACT Vietnam’s foreign exchange (forex) market has remained relatively poorly developed despite more than two decades of general reform throughout the economy. This paper adopts a microstructure approach to the analysis of the root-causes underlying the operational deficiencies of this market. The analysis suggests that the authorities have tended to follow a de facto adjustable peg exchange rate regime which, in turn, has acted as a retardant to the development of the country’s forex market. Consequently, market signals have become increasingly non-transparent.

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